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    Robert A Phillips MD, PhD

    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    DepartmentMedicine
    AddressUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    55 Lake Avenue North
    Worcester MA 01655
    Phone508-856-3757
      Other Positions
      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentClinical Population Health Research

        Overview 
        Narrative

        Education

        • 1973 BA New College (Honors College of Florida)
        • 1980 MD Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY
        • 1980 PhD Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY

        Postdoctoral Training

        • 1980-83 Intern and Resident in Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital,
          Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, NY
        • 1983-85 Fellow in Cardiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, NY
        • 1985-86 Fellow in Hypertension, Mount Sinai Hospital, NY

        Licensure and Certification

        • Diplomate National Board of Medical Examiners, Certificate #187549
        • Diplomate American Board of Internal Medicine, Certificate #91027
        • Diplomate Subspecialty in Cardiovascular Disease, Certificate #91027
        • State of New York Medical License No. 147075, initial date, 1981
        • Commonwealth of Massachusetts Medical License No. 226824

        Membershipsin Professional Societies

        • 1983 - American College of Physicians, Member
        • 1986 - American College of Cardiology, Fellow
        • 1987 - American Society of Hypertension, Member
        • 1987 - AmericanHeart Association, Member
        • 1993 - American Medical Association, Member
        • 1993 - Council on High Blood Pressure Research, American Heart Association, Fellow
        • 1995 - Council on Circulation, American Heart Association, Fellow
        • 1998 - 2003 The Endocrine Society, Member
        • 2002 - 2004 Founding President, Eastern Chapter, American Society of Hypertension
        • 2005 - Present: Chair, CME Committee, American Society of Hypertension
        • 2008 - Present: Board of Directors, American Society of Hypertension
        • 2008 - 2009 Chair, Central MA American Heart Association Heart Walk
        • 2009 - Present Board of Directos, Founders Affiliate, AmericanHeart Association

        Awards and Honors

        • 1975 CIBA (Novartis) Award for Outstanding Community Service as a 2nd year
          Medical Student
        • 1979 Alpha Omega Alpha
        • 1980 Elster Award to the Mount Sinai School of Medicine graduating student with
          the highest academic standing
        • 1983 United States Letters Patent No. 4,469,786 for "Detection of Chemical Mutagens
          in a Marker Rescue Assay."
        • 1986 The Richard and Hinda Rosental Foundation Solomon Silver Award in Clinical
          Medicine for the ability to apply advances in research to the practice of clinical medicine
          1986 Fellowship, American College of Cardiology (FACC)
        • 1991 Young Investigators Award for Clinical Research, Eastern Hypertension Society
        • 1993 Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine Globus Award for best article on a clinical topic
          written in 1992
        • 1993 Fellowship, Council on High Blood Pressure Research, American Heart Association
        • 1994 Saul Horowitz, Jr. Memorial Award - Given to a graduate of the Mount Sinai School
          of Medicine who, since graduating, has made a significant contribution to medical investigation
        • 1995 Fellowship, Council on Basic Cardiovascular Sciences, American Heart Association
        • 1997 CityUniversity of New York PhD Alumni Association Achievement Award
        • 1997 New York City Public Schools Award for Promoting High School Student Development
        • 1999American Society of Hypertension desgination as "ASH Specialist inClinical Hypertension"
        • 1999 American Society of Hypertension/Hoechst Marion Roussel Clinical Fellowship
          Award (Sponsor)
        • 2000 Solvay Clinical Fellow Award/American Society of Hypertension (Sponsor)
        • 2001 Council on Basic Cardiovascular Science, American Heart Association
        • 2002 Fellow of the American Heart Association (F.A.H.A.)
        • 2004 - Present Best Doctors in America, Cardiovascular Medicine, Castle Connolly
          Medical Survey
        • 2007 Fellow, American College of Physcians (FACP)
        • 2008 "Best Doctors" in America
        • 2008 American Heart Association "Heartsaver Hero" Award
        • 2009 "Best Doctors" in America
        • 2010 American Heart Association "Heart of Gold" Award
        • 2010 Fellow, American Society of Hypertension (FASH)

        Director, Heart and Vascular Center of Excellence

        Research Interests: Hypertensive Heart and Renal Disease

        Clinical Interests: Hypertension and General Cardiology

        Research Grants

        • 1994 - 20055U01 DK48689-12 African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK), Cohort Study and Director
        • 2000 - -20051RO1 HL64100-01 Effects of a Computer-based Reminder System on Cardiovascular Risk Factor Management and Outcomes
        • 2000 - 2005 1RO1 DK54502-01A1African-Americans, Hypertension and Lead Exposure
        • 2000 - 2006 1RO1 DK57867 Etiology of Hypertensions and Nephropathy in ASSK Patients NIDDK
        • 2006 - 2009 African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension, Cohort Study
        • 2007 - 2010 African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension, Nocturnal BP Study
        • 2009 - 2011 Cardiac Mechanics in African-Americans with Kidney Disease: the AASK Study


        Bibliographic 
        selected publications
        List All   |   Timeline
        1. Peterson GE, de Backer T, Contreras G, Wang X, Kendrick C, Greene T, Appel LJ, Randall OS, Lea J, Smogorzewski M, Vagaonescu T, Phillips RA. Relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic function with cardiovascular and renal outcomes in african americans with hypertensive chronic kidney disease. Hypertension. 2013 Sep; 62(3):518-25.
          View in: PubMed
        2. Joffe SW, Phillips RA. Treating hypertension in patients with left ventricular dysfunction: hitting the fairway and avoiding the rough. Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2013 Jun; 10(2):157-64.
          View in: PubMed
        3. McMullan CJ, Bakris GL, Phillips RA, Forman JP. Association of BP Variability with Mortality among African Americans with CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 May; 8(5):731-8.
          View in: PubMed
        4. Rahman M, Greene T, Phillips RA, Agodoa LY, Bakris GL, Charleston J, Contreras G, Gabbai F, Hiremath L, Jamerson K, Kendrick C, Kusek JW, Lash JP, Lea J, Miller ER, Rostand S, Toto R, Wang X, Wright JT, Appel LJ. A trial of 2 strategies to reduce nocturnal blood pressure in blacks with chronic kidney disease. Hypertension. 2013 Jan; 61(1):82-8.
          View in: PubMed
        5. George S, Phillips R, McDavitt B, Adams W, Mutchler MG. The Cellular Generation and a New Risk Environment: Implications for Texting-Based Sexual Health Promotion Interventions among Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2012; 2012:247-56.
          View in: PubMed
        6. Gorelick PB, Nyenhuis D. Blood pressure and treatment of persons with hypertension as it relates to cognitive outcomes including executive function. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2012 Sep-Oct; 6(5):309-15.
          View in: PubMed
        7. Gabbai FB, Rahman M, Hu B, Appel LJ, Charleston J, Contreras G, Faulkner ML, Hiremath L, Jamerson KA, Lea JP, Lipkowitz MS, Pogue VA, Rostand SG, Smogorzewski MJ, Wright JT, Greene T, Gassman J, Wang X, Phillips RA. Relationship between ambulatory BP and clinical outcomes in patients with hypertensive CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Nov; 7(11):1770-6.
          View in: PubMed
        8. Phillips RA, Hood SG, Jacobson BM, West MJ, Wan L, May CN. Pulmonary Artery Catheter (PAC) Accuracy and Efficacy Compared with Flow Probe and Transcutaneous Doppler (USCOM): An Ovine Cardiac Output Validation. Crit Care Res Pract. 2012; 2012:621496.
          View in: PubMed
        9. Phillips RA. Controversies in blood pressure goal guidelines and masked hypertension. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2012 Apr; 1254(1):115-22.
          View in: PubMed
        10. Esquitin R, Razzouk L, Peterson GE, Wright JT, Phillips RA, De Backer TL, Baran DA, Kendrick C, Greene T, Reiffel J, Muntner P, Farkouh ME. Left ventricular hypertrophy by electrocardiography and echocardiography in the African American Study of Kidney Disease Cohort Study. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2012 May; 6(3):193-200.
          View in: PubMed
        11. Appel LJ, Wright JT, Greene T, Agodoa LY, Astor BC, Bakris GL, Cleveland WH, Charleston J, Contreras G, Faulkner ML, Gabbai FB, Gassman JJ, Hebert LA, Jamerson KA, Kopple JD, Kusek JW, Lash JP, Lea JP, Lewis JB, Lipkowitz MS, Massry SG, Miller ER, Norris K, Phillips RA, Pogue VA, Randall OS, Rostand SG, Smogorzewski MJ, Toto RD, Wang X. Intensive blood-pressure control in hypertensive chronic kidney disease. N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 2; 363(10):918-29.
          View in: PubMed
        12. Phillips RA, Stratmeyer ME, Harris GR. Safety and U.S. Regulatory considerations in the nonclinical use of medical ultrasound devices. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010 Aug; 36(8):1224-8.
          View in: PubMed
        13. Haroon M, Phillips R. "There is nothing like looking, if you want to find something" - asking questions and searching for answers - the evidence based approach. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2010 Apr; 95(2):34-9.
          View in: PubMed
        14. Weinberg JM, Appel LJ, Bakris G, Gassman JJ, Greene T, Kendrick CA, Wang X, Lash J, Lewis JA, Pogue V, Thornley-Brown D, Phillips RA. Risk of hyperkalemia in nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease receiving antihypertensive therapy. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Sep 28; 169(17):1587-94.
          View in: PubMed
        15. Gharavi A, Diamond JA, Phillips RA. Exercise capacity and left ventricular function. JAMA. 2009 Jun 10; 301(22):2326; author reply 2326-7.
          View in: PubMed
        16. Phillips RA. Is the relationship between beta-blocker-induced heart rate lowering and cardiovascular outcomes the result of confounding by indication? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jun 2; 53(22):2101; author reply 2106-7.
          View in: PubMed
        17. Pogue V, Rahman M, Lipkowitz M, Toto R, Miller E, Faulkner M, Rostand S, Hiremath L, Sika M, Kendrick C, Hu B, Greene T, Appel L, Phillips RA. Disparate estimates of hypertension control from ambulatory and clinic blood pressure measurements in hypertensive kidney disease. Hypertension. 2009 Jan; 53(1):20-7.
          View in: PubMed
        18. Phillips RA. Key role for ASH in "disseminating" translational research. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2008 Sep-Oct; 2(5):393-4.
          View in: PubMed
        19. Phillips RA. Another boost for cardiac rehabilitation. Arch Intern Med. 2008 May 26; 168(10):1029.
          View in: PubMed
        20. Phillips RA. Solving the paradox of self blood-pressure measurement. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2008 Jun; 5(6):306-7.
          View in: PubMed
        21. Ettinger WH, Hylka SM, Phillips RA, Harrison LH, Cyr JA, Sussman AJ. When things go wrong: the impact of being a statistical outlier in publicly reported coronary artery bypass graft surgery mortality data. Am J Med Qual. 2008 Mar-Apr; 23(2):90-5.
          View in: PubMed
        22. Phillips RA, Fonseca V, Katholi RE, McGill JB, Messerli FH, Bell DS, Raskin P, Wright JT, Iyengar M, Anderson KM, Lukas MA, Bakris GL. Demographic analyses of the effects of carvedilol vs metoprolol on glycemic control and insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension in the Glycemic Effects in Diabetes Mellitus: Carvedilol-Metoprolol Comparison in Hypertensives (GEMINI) study. J Cardiometab Syndr. 2008; 3(4):211-7.
          View in: PubMed
        23. Phillips RA. A review of therapeutic strategies for risk reduction of recurrent stroke. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2008 Jan-Feb; 50(4):264-73.
          View in: PubMed
        24. Wright JT, Bakris GL, Bell DS, Fonseca V, Katholi RE, McGill JB, Messerli FH, Phillips RA, Raskin P, Holdbrook FK, Lukas MA, Iyengar M. Lowering blood pressure with beta-blockers in combination with other renin-angiotensin system blockers in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes: results from the GEMINI Trial. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2007 Nov; 9(11):842-9.
          View in: PubMed
        25. Peterson GE, de Backer T, Gabriel A, Ilic V, Vagaonescu T, Appel LJ, Contreras G, Kendrick C, Rostand S, Phillips RA. Prevalence and correlates of left ventricular hypertrophy in the African American Study of Kidney Disease Cohort Study. Hypertension. 2007 Dec; 50(6):1033-9.
          View in: PubMed
        26. Phillips RA, Andrieni JD. Translational patient care: a new model for inpatient care in the 21st century. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Oct 22; 167(19):2025-6.
          View in: PubMed
        27. Messerli FH, Bell DS, Fonseca V, Katholi RE, McGill JB, Phillips RA, Raskin P, Wright JT, Bangalore S, Holdbrook FK, Lukas MA, Anderson KM, Bakris GL. Body weight changes with beta-blocker use: results from GEMINI. Am J Med. 2007 Jul; 120(7):610-5.
          View in: PubMed
        28. Davidson MH, Basile J, Garber AJ, Phillips RA. Reducing the risk of stroke through appropriate targets and treatments. Prev Cardiol. 2007; 10(4):215-21.
          View in: PubMed
        29. Phillips RA. New-onset diabetes mellitus less deadly than elevated blood pressure? Following the evidence in the administration of thiazide diuretics. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 13; 166(20):2174-6.
          View in: PubMed
        30. Norris K, Bourgoigne J, Gassman J, Hebert L, Middleton J, Phillips RA, Randall O, Rostand S, Sherer S, Toto RD, Wright JT, Wang X, Greene T, Appel LJ, Lewis J. Cardiovascular outcomes in the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Trial. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006 Nov; 48(5):739-51.
          View in: PubMed
        31. Gopal AS, Butkevich A, Roychoudhury D, Phillips RA. Evaluation of the electrocardiographic criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy with use of three-dimensional echocardiography. Echocardiography. 2006 Oct; 23(9):756-62.
          View in: PubMed
        32. Phillips RA, Christensen K. Field-caught Culex erythrothorax larvae found naturally infected with West Nile virus in Grand County, Utah. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2006 Sep; 22(3):561-2.
          View in: PubMed
        33. Williams RA, Gavin JR, Phillips RA, Sumner AE, Duncan AK, Hollar D, Hennekens CH. High-risk African Americans with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease: challenges in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(3):633-9.
          View in: PubMed
        34. O'Malley PG, Khandekar JD, Phillips RA. Residency training in the modern era: the pipe dream of less time to learn more, care better, and be more professional. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Dec 12-26; 165(22):2561-2.
          View in: PubMed
        35. Bakris GL, Fonseca V, Katholi RE, McGill JB, Messerli F, Phillips RA, Raskin P, Wright JT, Waterhouse B, Lukas MA, Anderson KM, Bell DS. Differential effects of beta-blockers on albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes. Hypertension. 2005 Dec; 46(6):1309-15.
          View in: PubMed
        36. Baruch L, Phillips RA. Quality: the need for intelligent efforts. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jul 11; 165(13):1455-6.
          View in: PubMed
        37. Phillips RA, Weinberg JM. Hypertension 2005: an evidence-based approach to diagnosis and treatment - an American perspective. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2005 Jul; 3(4):691-704.
          View in: PubMed
        38. Grissom GR, Phillips RA. Screening for depression: this is the heart of the matter. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jun 13; 165(11):1214-6.
          View in: PubMed
        39. Olsen MH, Fossum E, Høieggen A, Wachtell K, Hjerkinn E, Nesbitt SD, Andersen UB, Phillips RA, Gaboury CL, Ibsen H, Kjeldsen SE, Julius S. Long-term treatment with losartan versus atenolol improves insulin sensitivity in hypertension: ICARUS, a LIFE substudy. J Hypertens. 2005 Apr; 23(4):891-8.
          View in: PubMed
        40. Critchley LA, Peng ZY, Fok BS, Lee A, Phillips RA. Testing the reliability of a new ultrasonic cardiac output monitor, the USCOM, by using aortic flowprobes in anesthetized dogs. Anesth Analg. 2005 Mar; 100(3):748-53, table of contents.
          View in: PubMed
        41. Diamond JA, Phillips RA. Hypertensive heart disease. Hypertens Res. 2005 Mar; 28(3):191-202.
          View in: PubMed
        42. Bakris GL, Bell DS, Fonseca V, Katholi R, McGill J, Phillips R, Raskin P, Wright JT, Iyengar M, Holeslaw T, Anderson KM. The rationale and design of the Glycemic Effects in Diabetes Mellitus Carvedilol-Metoprolol Comparison in Hypertensives (GEMINI) trial. J Diabetes Complications. 2005 Mar-Apr; 19(2):74-9.
          View in: PubMed
        43. Bakris GL, Fonseca V, Katholi RE, McGill JB, Messerli FH, Phillips RA, Raskin P, Wright JT, Oakes R, Lukas MA, Anderson KM, Bell DS. Metabolic effects of carvedilol vs metoprolol in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2004 Nov 10; 292(18):2227-36.
          View in: PubMed
        44. Diamond JA, Phillips RA. Antihypertensive drugs and the heart. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2004 Nov; 6(6):409-15.
          View in: PubMed
        45. Phillips RA, Faulkner M, Gassman J, Jaen L, Kusek JW, Norris K, Ojo A. Recruitment of African Americans with chronic renal insufficiency into a multicenter clinical trial: the african american study of kidney disease and hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2004 Aug; 6(8):430-6.
          View in: PubMed
        46. Phillips RA, Kostis JB. Treatment of octogenarians: should we and how. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2004 May; 6(5):267-73; quiz 274-5.
          View in: PubMed
        47. Phillips RA. Secondary stroke: new horizons in prevention. Clin Cardiol. 2004 May; 27(5 Suppl 2):II1-3.
          View in: PubMed
        48. Klapholz M, Maurer M, Lowe AM, Messineo F, Meisner JS, Mitchell J, Kalman J, Phillips RA, Steingart R, Brown EJ, Berkowitz R, Moskowitz R, Soni A, Mancini D, Bijou R, Sehhat K, Varshneya N, Kukin M, Katz SD, Sleeper LA, Le Jemtel TH. Hospitalization for heart failure in the presence of a normal left ventricular ejection fraction: results of the New York Heart Failure Registry. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Apr 21; 43(8):1432-8.
          View in: PubMed
        49. Sattari M, Kazory A, Phillips RA. Fracture and cardiac migration of an implanted venous catheter. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2003 Dec; 2(4):532-3.
          View in: PubMed
        50. Diamond JA, Phillips RA. Regression of left ventricular hypertrophy: are there preferred drugs? Curr Hypertens Rep. 2003 Oct; 5(5):368-71.
          View in: PubMed
        51. Pitt B, Reichek N, Willenbrock R, Zannad F, Phillips RA, Roniker B, Kleiman J, Krause S, Burns D, Williams GH. Effects of eplerenone, enalapril, and eplerenone/enalapril in patients with essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy: the 4E-left ventricular hypertrophy study. Circulation. 2003 Oct 14; 108(15):1831-8.
          View in: PubMed
        52. Appel LJ, Middleton J, Miller ER, Lipkowitz M, Norris K, Agodoa LY, Bakris G, Douglas JG, Charleston J, Gassman J, Greene T, Jamerson K, Kusek JW, Lewis JA, Phillips RA, Rostand SG, Wright JT. The rationale and design of the AASK cohort study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Jul; 14(7 Suppl 2):S166-72.
          View in: PubMed
        53. DeVoe JE, Fryer GE, Phillips R, Green L. Receipt of preventive care among adults: insurance status and usual source of care. Am J Public Health. 2003 May; 93(5):786-91.
          View in: PubMed
        54. Till JE, Phillips RA, Jadad AR. Finding Canadian cancer clinical trials on the Internet: an exploratory evaluation of online resources. CMAJ. 2003 Apr 29; 168(9):1127-9.
          View in: PubMed
        55. Phillips RA, Hunter JL, Eccleston JF, Webb MR. The mechanism of Ras GTPase activation by neurofibromin. Biochemistry. 2003 Apr 8; 42(13):3956-65.
          View in: PubMed
        56. Phillips RA, Kloner RA, Grimm RH, Weinberger M. The effects of amlodipine compared to losartan in patients with mild to moderately severe hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2003 Jan-Feb; 5(1):17-23.
          View in: PubMed
        57. Wright JT, Bakris G, Greene T, Agodoa LY, Appel LJ, Charleston J, Cheek D, Douglas-Baltimore JG, Gassman J, Glassock R, Hebert L, Jamerson K, Lewis J, Phillips RA, Toto RD, Middleton JP, Rostand SG. Effect of blood pressure lowering and antihypertensive drug class on progression of hypertensive kidney disease: results from the AASK trial. JAMA. 2002 Nov 20; 288(19):2421-31.
          View in: PubMed
        58. Okin PM, Wright JT, Nieminen MS, Jern S, Taylor AL, Phillips R, Papademetriou V, Clark LT, Ofili EO, Randall OS, Oikarinen L, Viitasalo M, Toivonen L, Julius S, Dahlöf B, Devereux RB. Ethnic differences in electrocardiographic criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study. Losartan Intervention For Endpoint. Am J Hypertens. 2002 Aug; 15(8):663-71.
          View in: PubMed
        59. Krakoff LR, Pickering T, Phillips R. ABPM is valuable for the management of hypertension. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Jul 8; 162(13):1528; author reply 1529-30.
          View in: PubMed
        60. Phillips RA, Greenblatt J, Krakoff LR. Hypertensive emergencies: diagnosis and management. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2002 Jul-Aug; 45(1):33-48.
          View in: PubMed
        61. Shutes A, Phillips RA, Corrie JE, Webb MR. Role of magnesium in nucleotide exchange on the small G protein rac investigated using novel fluorescent Guanine nucleotide analogues. Biochemistry. 2002 Mar 19; 41(11):3828-35.
          View in: PubMed
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