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    Sybil L Crawford PhD

    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    DepartmentMedicine
    AddressUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    419 Belmont Street
    Worcester MA 01605
    Phone508-856-6683
      Other Positions
      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentClinical Population Health Research

      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentMasters in Clinical Investigation

      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Nursing
      DepartmentGraduate School of Nursing

        Biography 
        awards and honors
        Carnegie Mellon University1980 - 1981Andrew Carnegie scholarship
        Carnegie Mellon University1980 - 1983Richard King Mellon National Merit scholarship
        Carnegie Mellon University1984 - 1987National Science Foundation graduate fellowship
        North American Menopause Society1996Young Investigator award
        North American Menopause Society2010Co-author, Menopause, Best paper award
        North American Menopause Society2011Co-author, best poster award
        Technometrics (journal)1992Frank Wilcoxon prize, best paper
        Overview 
        Narrative

        Biography

        Sybil Crawford, PhD, is Associate Professor in the Biostatistics Research Group, Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Dr. Crawford has conducted research in women’s health for more than 17 years, with a particular focus on menopause. Her menopause-related research interests include body composition and cardiovascular risk factors, menopausal symptoms, assessment of menopause stages, and use of exogenous hormone therapy. Dr. Crawford led the statistical team at the Coordinating Center for the multi-site Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN) until joining the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and continues with the project as a co-investigator. She also serves as the statistician on two pilot randomized clinical trials of non-pharmacologic interventions for hot flashes. Recently completed projects include analyses of bleeding patterns and reproductive hormones to refine definitions of menopause staging, of interest to both clinicians and their mid-aged patients. Dr. Crawford serves as a member of the editorial board for Menopause, a premier journal for scientific articles related to menopause. Additionally, she collaborates on studies of pregnancy-related issues such as preeclampsia, gestational weight gain, and medication use during pregnancy, as well as racial/ethnic differences in health and caregiving patterns for elders.

        blank space for photoSybil L. Crawford, PhD is an Associate Professor

        Her research interests include women’s health, particularly menopause, ethnic differences in health and health care utilization, and applied statistical techniques such as longitudinal analysis

        Education

        • Carnegie Mellon University, PhD, Statistics, 1988
        • Carnegie Mellon University, MS, Statistics, 1985
        • Carnegie Mellon University, BS, Economics, 1983

        On Going Projects/ Grants

        • Statistical co-investigator, The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN) Coordinating Center, 5 R01 AG12553, National Institute on Aging, 2004-2009.
        • Statistical co-investigator, SWAN Repository, 2U01 AG017719-06, National Institute on Aging, 2005-2010.
        • Statistical co-investigator, Yoga for Hyperkyphosis Trial, National Institute on Aging, 2004-2008.
        • Statistical co-investigator, Soy Isoflavones for Menopausal Symptoms, National Center on Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2005-2008.
        • Statistical co-investigator, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Hot Flashes, National Center on Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2005-2008.

        Teaching

        • Advanced Statistical Analysis of Data, Graduate School of Nursing, UMMS, Summer term, 2004 – present
        • Epidemiology and Biostatistics: Skills for Critical Reading of the Medical Literature, Physician, Patient, and Society Course, small group leader, UMMS, Fall term, 2002 – present

        Service

        • Member of Women’s Faculty Committee, 2007 – present
        • Editor of Women’s Faculty Committee newsletter, 2008 - present


        Bibliographic 
        selected publications
        List All   |   Timeline
        1. Tierney SJ, Seymour-Route P, Crawford S. Weighted staffing plans for better prediction of staffing needs. J Nurs Adm. 2013 Sep; 43(9):461-7.
          View in: PubMed
        2. Crawford SL, Jackson EA, Churchill L, Lampe JW, Leung K, Ockene JK. Impact of dose, frequency of administration, and equol production on efficacy of isoflavones for menopausal hot flashes: a pilot randomized trial. Menopause. 2013 Sep; 20(9):911-21.
          View in: PubMed
        3. Joffe H, White DP, Crawford SL, McCurnin KE, Economou N, Connors S, Hall JE. Adverse effects of induced hot flashes on objectively recorded and subjectively reported sleep: results of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist experimental protocol. Menopause. 2013 Sep; 20(9):905-14.
          View in: PubMed
        4. Paramsothy P, Harlow SD, Elliott MR, Lisabeth LD, Crawford SL, Randolph JF. Classifying menopause stage by menstrual calendars and annual interviews: need for improved questionnaires. Menopause. 2013 Jul; 20(7):727-35.
          View in: PubMed
        5. Gold EB, Crawford SL, Avis NE, Crandall CJ, Matthews KA, Waetjen LE, Lee JS, Thurston R, Vuga M, Harlow SD. Factors Related to Age at Natural Menopause: Longitudinal Analyses From SWAN. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 1; 178(1):70-83.
          View in: PubMed
        6. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Fitchett G, Hovey KM, Schnall E, Thomson C, Andrews CA, Crawford S, O'Sullivan MJ, Post S, Chlebowski RT, Ockene J. Frequency of private spiritual activity and cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 May; 23(5):239-45.
          View in: PubMed
        7. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Crawford SL, Carmody J, Rosenthal L, Yeh G, Stanley M, Rose K, Browning C, Ockene IS. Phone-Delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Behav Med. 2013 Apr 20.
          View in: PubMed
        8. Waetjen LE, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Gold EB, Greendale GA. Relationship between dietary phytoestrogens and development of urinary incontinence in midlife women. Menopause. 2013 Apr; 20(4):428-36.
          View in: PubMed
        9. Busch AM, Whited MC, Appelhans BM, Schneider KL, Waring ME, Debiasse MA, Oleski JL, Crawford SL, Pagoto SL. Reliable change in depression during behavioral weight loss treatment among women with major depression. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Mar; 21(3):E211-8.
          View in: PubMed
        10. Gold EB, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Waetjen LE, Greendale GA. Phytoestrogen and fiber intakes in relation to incident vasomotor symptoms: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2013 Mar; 20(3):305-14.
          View in: PubMed
        11. Lin WT, Beattie M, Chen LM, Oktay K, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Cedars M, Rosen M. Comparison of age at natural menopause in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with a non-clinic-based sample of women in northern California. Cancer. 2013 May 1; 119(9):1652-9.
          View in: PubMed
        12. Bromberger JT, Schott LL, Matthews KA, Kravitz HM, Randolph JF, Harlow S, Crawford S, Green R, Joffe H. Association of past and recent major depression and menstrual characteristics in midlife: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2012 Sep; 19(9):959-66.
          View in: PubMed
        13. Greendale GA, Huang MH, Leung K, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Wight R, Waetjen E, Karlamangla AS. Dietary phytoestrogen intakes and cognitive function during the menopausal transition: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Phytoestrogen Study. Menopause. 2012 Aug; 19(8):894-903.
          View in: PubMed
        14. Wildman RP, Tepper PG, Crawford S, Finkelstein JS, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Thurston RC, Santoro N, Sternfeld B, Greendale GA. Do Changes in Sex Steroid Hormones Precede or Follow Increases in Body Weight during the Menopause Transition? Results from The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Sep; 97(9):E1695-704.
          View in: PubMed
        15. Lasley BL, Chen J, Stanczyk FZ, El Khoudary SR, Gee NA, Crawford S, McConnell DS. Androstenediol complements estrogenic bioactivity during the menopausal transition. Menopause. 2012 Jun; 19(6):650-7.
          View in: PubMed
        16. Zhao H, Heard SO, Mullen MT, Crawford S, Goldberg RJ, Frendl G, Lilly CM. An evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of the 1991 American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine and the 2001 Society of Critical Care Medicine/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/American College of Chest Physicians/American Thoracic Society/Surgical Infection Society sepsis definition*. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jun; 40(6):1700-6.
          View in: PubMed
        17. Tepper PG, Randolph JF, McConnell DS, Crawford SL, El Khoudary SR, Joffe H, Gold EB, Zheng H, Bromberger JT, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Trajectory Clustering of Estradiol and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone during the Menopausal Transition among Women in the Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Aug; 97(8):2872-80.
          View in: PubMed
        18. Marsh WK, Ketter TA, Crawford SL, Johnson JV, Kroll-Desrosiers AR, Rothschild AJ. Progression of female reproductive stages associated with bipolar illness exacerbation. Bipolar Disord. 2012 Aug; 14(5):515-26.
          View in: PubMed
        19. Polotsky AJ, Allshouse A, Crawford SL, Harlow SD, Khalil N, Santoro N, Legro RS. Relative contributions of oligomenorrhea and hyperandrogenemia to the risk of metabolic syndrome in midlife women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jun; 97(6):E868-77.
          View in: PubMed
        20. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Carmody J, Yeh G, Crawford S, Rosenthal L, Ockene I. Design and methods for a pilot study of a phone-delivered, mindfulness-based intervention in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012; 2012:972106.
          View in: PubMed
        21. Crawford SL. Detecting cross-cultural differences in somatization. Menopause. 2012 Feb; 19(2):121-2.
          View in: PubMed
        22. Sullivan-Bolyai S, Crawford S, Johnson K, Huston B, Lee MM. Educating diabetes camp counselors with a human patient simulator: a pilot study. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Apr; 17(2):121-8.
          View in: PubMed
        23. Huang MH, Norris J, Han W, Block T, Gold E, Crawford S, Greendale GA. Development of an Updated Phytoestrogen Database for Use With the SWAN Food Frequency Questionnaire: Intakes and Food Sources in a Community-Based, Multiethnic Cohort Study. Nutr Cancer. 2012 Feb; 64(2):228-44.
          View in: PubMed
        24. Ortiz-Pagan S, Cunto-Amesty G, Narayan S, Crawford S, Derrick C, Larkin A, Khan A, Quinlan R, Layeequr Rahman R. Effect of Paget's Disease on Survival in Breast Cancer: An Exploratory Study. Arch Surg. 2011 Nov; 146(11):1267-70.
          View in: PubMed
        25. Lasley BL, Crawford S, McConnell DS. Adrenal androgens and the menopausal transition. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep; 38(3):467-75.
          View in: PubMed
        26. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Crawford S, Jackson E, Ockene J, Ockene I. Constipation and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease among Postmenopausal Women. Am J Med. 2011 Aug; 124(8):714-23.
          View in: PubMed
        27. Carmody JF, Crawford S, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Leung K, Churchill L, Olendzki N. Mindfulness training for coping with hot flashes: results of a randomized trial. Menopause. 2011 Jun; 18(6):611-20.
          View in: PubMed
        28. Keough L, Sullivan-Bolyai S, Crawford S, Schilling L, Dixon J. Self-management of Type 1 Diabetes Across Adolescence. Diabetes Educ. 2011 Jul-Aug; 37(4):486-500.
          View in: PubMed
        29. Lasley BL, Crawford SL, Laughlin GA, Santoro N, McConnell DS, Crandall C, Greendale GA, Polotsky AJ, Vuga M. Circulating dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in women who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy during the menopausal transition. Menopause. 2011 May; 18(5):494-8.
          View in: PubMed
        30. Crandall CJ, Tseng CH, Crawford SL, Thurston RC, Gold EB, Johnston JM, Greendale GA. Association of menopausal vasomotor symptoms with increased bone turnover during the menopausal transition. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Apr; 26(4):840-9.
          View in: PubMed
        31. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Fitchett G, Ockene JK, Schnall E, Crawford S, Granek I, Manson J, Ockene I, O'Sullivan MJ, Powell L, Rapp S. Religion and healthy lifestyle behaviors among postmenopausal women: the women's health initiative. J Behav Med. 2011 Oct; 34(5):360-71.
          View in: PubMed
        32. Randolph JF, Zheng H, Sowers MR, Crandall C, Crawford S, Gold EB, Vuga M. Change in follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol across the menopausal transition: effect of age at the final menstrual period. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Mar; 96(3):746-54.
          View in: PubMed
        33. Jain A, Crawford S, Larkin A, Quinlan R, Rahman RL. Management of nipple discharge: technology chasing application. Breast J. 2010 Jul-Aug; 16(4):451-2.
          View in: PubMed
        34. Maynard SE, Moore Simas TA, Bur L, Crawford SL, Solitro MJ, Meyer BA. Soluble endoglin for the prediction of preeclampsia in a high risk cohort. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2010; 29(3):330-41.
          View in: PubMed
        35. Taffe JR, Cain KC, Mitchell ES, Woods NF, Crawford SL, Harlow SD. "Persistence" improves the 60-day amenorrhea marker of entry to late-stage menopausal transition for women aged 40 to 44 years. Menopause. 2010 Jan-Feb; 17(1):191-3.
          View in: PubMed
        36. Matthews KA, Crawford SL, Chae CU, Everson-Rose SA, Sowers MF, Sternfeld B, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Are changes in cardiovascular disease risk factors in midlife women due to chronological aging or to the menopausal transition? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Dec 15; 54(25):2366-73.
          View in: PubMed
        37. Layeequr Rahman R, Crawford S. Chemoprevention Indication Score: a user-friendly tool for prevention of breast cancer - pilot analysis. Breast. 2009 Oct; 18(5):289-93.
          View in: PubMed
        38. Crandall CJ, Sehl ME, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Habel LA, Butler LM, Sowers MR, Greendale GA, Sinsheimer JS. Sex steroid metabolism polymorphisms and mammographic density in pre- and early perimenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res. 2009; 11(4):R51.
          View in: PubMed
        39. Greendale GA, Huang MH, Karlamangla AS, Seeger L, Crawford S. Yoga decreases kyphosis in senior women and men with adult-onset hyperkyphosis: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Sep; 57(9):1569-79.
          View in: PubMed
        40. Crawford S, Santoro N, Laughlin GA, Sowers MF, McConnell D, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Weiss G, Vuga M, Randolph J, Lasley B. Circulating dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations during the menopausal transition. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Aug; 94(8):2945-51.
          View in: PubMed
        41. Derby CA, Crawford SL, Pasternak RC, Sowers M, Sternfeld B, Matthews KA. Lipid changes during the menopause transition in relation to age and weight: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Jun 1; 169(11):1352-61.
          View in: PubMed
        42. Whelan MF, O'Toole TE, Chan DL, Rozanski EA, DeLaforcade AM, Crawford SL, Cotter SM. Use of human immunoglobulin in addition to glucocorticoids for the initial treatment of dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2009 Apr; 19(2):158-64.
          View in: PubMed
        43. Danhauer SC, Crawford SL, Farmer DF, Avis NE. A longitudinal investigation of coping strategies and quality of life among younger women with breast cancer. J Behav Med. 2009 Aug; 32(4):371-9.
          View in: PubMed
        44. Crandall CJ, Zheng Y, Crawford SL, Thurston RC, Gold EB, Johnston JM, Greendale GA. Presence of vasomotor symptoms is associated with lower bone mineral density: a longitudinal analysis. Menopause. 2009 Mar-Apr; 16(2):239-46.
          View in: PubMed
        45. Crawford SL, Avis NE, Gold E, Johnston J, Kelsey J, Santoro N, Sowers M, Sternfeld B. Sensitivity and specificity of recalled vasomotor symptoms in a multiethnic cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec 15; 168(12):1452-9.
          View in: PubMed
        46. Schneider KL, Bodenlos JS, Ma Y, Olendzki B, Oleski J, Merriam P, Crawford S, Ockene IS, Pagoto SL. Design and methods for a randomized clinical trial treating comorbid obesity and major depressive disorder. BMC Psychiatry. 2008; 8:77.
          View in: PubMed
        47. Layeequr Rahman R, Crawford S, Hall T, Bavosi D, Quinlan R. Surgical-office-based versus radiology-referral-based breast ultrasonography: a comparison of efficiency, cost, and patient satisfaction. J Am Coll Surg. 2008 Nov; 207(5):763-6.
          View in: PubMed
        48. Janssen I, Powell LH, Crawford S, Lasley B, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Menopause and the metabolic syndrome: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Jul 28; 168(14):1568-75.
          View in: PubMed
        49. Procter-Gray E, Cobb KL, Crawford SL, Bachrach LK, Chirra A, Sowers M, Greendale GA, Nieves JW, Kent K, Kelsey JL. Effect of oral contraceptives on weight and body composition in young female runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Jul; 40(7):1205-12.
          View in: PubMed
        50. Van Voorhis BJ, Santoro N, Harlow S, Crawford SL, Randolph J. The relationship of bleeding patterns to daily reproductive hormones in women approaching menopause. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jul; 112(1):101-8.
          View in: PubMed
        51. Skurnick JH, Weiss G, Goldsmith LT, Santoro N, Crawford S. Longitudinal changes in hypothalamic and ovarian function in perimenopausal women with anovulatory cycles: relationship with vasomotor symptoms. Fertil Steril. 2009 Apr; 91(4):1127-34.
          View in: PubMed
        52. Hall DJ, Cornell CC, Crawford S, Brown DJ. Meta-analysis of normal canine echocardiographic dimensional data using ratio indices. J Vet Cardiol. 2008 Jun; 10(1):11-23.
          View in: PubMed
        53. Santoro N, Crawford SL, Lasley WL, Luborsky JL, Matthews KA, McConnell D, Randolph JF, Gold EB, Greendale GA, Korenman SG, Powell L, Sowers MF, Weiss G. Factors related to declining luteal function in women during the menopausal transition. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May; 93(5):1711-21.
          View in: PubMed
        54. Maynard SE, Moore Simas TA, Solitro MJ, Rajan A, Crawford S, Soderland P, Meyer BA. Circulating angiogenic factors in singleton vs multiple-gestation pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Feb; 198(2):200.e1-7.
          View in: PubMed
        55. Gold EB, Lasley B, Crawford SL, McConnell D, Joffe H, Greendale GA. Relation of daily urinary hormone patterns to vasomotor symptoms in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of midlife women: study of women's health across the nation. Reprod Sci. 2007 Dec; 14(8):786-97.
          View in: PubMed
        56. Sowers M, McConnell D, Jannausch ML, Randolph JF, Brook R, Gold EB, Crawford S, Lasley B. Oestrogen metabolites in relation to isoprostanes as a measure of oxidative stress. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2008 May; 68(5):806-13.
          View in: PubMed
        57. Tomey KM, Sowers MR, Li X, McConnell DS, Crawford S, Gold EB, Lasley B, Randolph JF. Dietary fat subgroups, zinc, and vegetable components are related to urine F2a-isoprostane concentration, a measure of oxidative stress, in midlife women. J Nutr. 2007 Nov; 137(11):2412-9.
          View in: PubMed
        58. Kelsey JL, Bachrach LK, Procter-Gray E, Nieves J, Greendale GA, Sowers M, Brown BW, Matheson KA, Crawford SL, Cobb KL. Risk factors for stress fracture among young female cross-country runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Sep; 39(9):1457-63.
          View in: PubMed
        59. Moore Simas TA, Crawford SL, Solitro MJ, Frost SC, Meyer BA, Maynard SE. Angiogenic factors for the prediction of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Sep; 197(3):244.e1-8.
          View in: PubMed
        60. Harlow SD, Mitchell ES, Crawford S, Nan B, Little R, Taffe J. The ReSTAGE Collaboration: defining optimal bleeding criteria for onset of early menopausal transition. Fertil Steril. 2008 Jan; 89(1):129-40.
          View in: PubMed
        61. Crawford SL. The roles of biologic and nonbiologic factors in cultural differences in vasomotor symptoms measured by surveys. Menopause. 2007 Jul-Aug; 14(4):725-33.
          View in: PubMed
        62. O'Dell KK, Morse AN, Crawford SL, Howard A. Vaginal pressure during lifting, floor exercises, jogging, and use of hydraulic exercise machines. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 Dec; 18(12):1481-9.
          View in: PubMed
        63. Layeequr Rahman R, Crawford S, Larkin A, Quinlan R. Superiority of sonographic hematoma guided resection of mammogram only visible breast cancer: wire localization should be an exception--not the rule. Ann Surg Oncol. 2007 Aug; 14(8):2228-32.
          View in: PubMed
        64. Santoro N, Brockwell S, Johnston J, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Harlow SD, Matthews KA, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Helping midlife women predict the onset of the final menses: SWAN, the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2007 May-Jun; 14(3 Pt 1):415-24.
          View in: PubMed
        65. Layeequr Rahman R, Iuanow E, Crawford S, Quinlan R. Sonographic hematoma-guided vs wire-localized lumpectomy for breast cancer: a comparison of margins and volume of resection. Arch Surg. 2007 Apr; 142(4):343-6.
          View in: PubMed
        66. Manuel JC, Burwell SR, Crawford SL, Lawrence RH, Farmer DF, Hege A, Phillips K, Avis NE. Younger women's perceptions of coping with breast cancer. Cancer Nurs. 2007 Mar-Apr; 30(2):85-94.
          View in: PubMed
        67. Meyer PM, Zeger SL, Harlow SD, Sowers M, Crawford S, Luborsky JL, Janssen I, McConnell DS, Randolph JF, Weiss G. Characterizing daily urinary hormone profiles for women at midlife using functional data analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Apr 15; 165(8):936-45.
          View in: PubMed
        68. Howland LC, Storm DS, Crawford SL, Ma Y, Gortmaker SL, Oleske JM. Negative life events: risk to health-related quality of life in children and youth with HIV infection. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2007 Jan-Feb; 18(1):3-11.
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        69. Crawford SL. Correlation and regression. Circulation. 2006 Nov 7; 114(19):2083-8.
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        70. Carmody J, Crawford S, Churchill L. A pilot study of mindfulness-based stress reduction for hot flashes. Menopause. 2006 Sep-Oct; 13(5):760-9.
          View in: PubMed
        71. Crandall CJ, Crawford SL, Gold EB. Vasomotor symptom prevalence is associated with polymorphisms in sex steroid-metabolizing enzymes and receptors. Am J Med. 2006 Sep; 119(9 Suppl 1):S52-60.
          View in: PubMed
        72. Puglia GD, Freeman LM, Rush JE, King RG, Crawford SL. Use of a flow-mediated vasodilation technique to assess endothelial function in dogs. Am J Vet Res. 2006 Sep; 67(9):1533-40.
          View in: PubMed
        73. Harlow SD, Cain K, Crawford S, Dennerstein L, Little R, Mitchell ES, Nan B, Randolph JF, Taffe J, Yosef M. Evaluation of four proposed bleeding criteria for the onset of late menopausal transition. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3432-8.
          View in: PubMed
        74. Sowers MR, Crawford S, McConnell DS, Randolph JF, Gold EB, Wilkin MK, Lasley B. Selected diet and lifestyle factors are associated with estrogen metabolites in a multiracial/ethnic population of women. J Nutr. 2006 Jun; 136(6):1588-95.
          View in: PubMed
        75. Randolph JF, Crawford S, Dennerstein L, Cain K, Harlow SD, Little R, Mitchell ES, Nan B, Taffe J, Yosef M. The value of follicle-stimulating hormone concentration and clinical findings as markers of the late menopausal transition. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Aug; 91(8):3034-40.
          View in: PubMed
        76. Ma Y, Olendzki BC, Chiriboga D, Rosal M, Sinagra E, Crawford S, Hafner AR, Pagoto SL, Magner RP, Ockene IS. PDA-assisted low glycemic index dietary intervention for type II diabetes: a pilot study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Oct; 60(10):1235-43.
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        77. Matthews KA, Santoro N, Lasley B, Chang Y, Crawford S, Pasternak RC, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Sowers M. Relation of cardiovascular risk factors in women approaching menopause to menstrual cycle characteristics and reproductive hormones in the follicular and luteal phases. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 May; 91(5):1789-95.
          View in: PubMed
        78. Hsia J, Langer RD, Manson JE, Kuller L, Johnson KC, Hendrix SL, Pettinger M, Heckbert SR, Greep N, Crawford S, Eaton CB, Kostis JB, Caralis P, Prentice R. Conjugated equine estrogens and coronary heart disease: the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):357-65.
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        79. Matthews KA, Sowers MF, Derby CA, Stein E, Miracle-McMahill H, Crawford SL, Pasternak RC. Ethnic differences in cardiovascular risk factor burden among middle-aged women: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Am Heart J. 2005 Jun; 149(6):1066-73.
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        80. Avis NE, Crawford S, Manuel J. Quality of life among younger women with breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2005 May 20; 23(15):3322-30.
          View in: PubMed
        81. Santoro N, Torrens J, Crawford S, Allsworth JE, Finkelstein JS, Gold EB, Korenman S, Lasley WL, Luborsky JL, McConnell D, Sowers MF, Weiss G. Correlates of circulating androgens in mid-life women: the study of women's health across the nation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Aug; 90(8):4836-45.
          View in: PubMed
        82. Gold EB, Block G, Crawford S, Lachance L, FitzGerald G, Miracle H, Sherman S. Lifestyle and demographic factors in relation to vasomotor symptoms: baseline results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Jun 15; 159(12):1189-99.
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        83. Santoro N, Lasley B, McConnell D, Allsworth J, Crawford S, Gold EB, Finkelstein JS, Greendale GA, Kelsey J, Korenman S, Luborsky JL, Matthews K, Midgley R, Powell L, Sabatine J, Schocken M, Sowers MF, Weiss G. Body size and ethnicity are associated with menstrual cycle alterations in women in the early menopausal transition: The Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN) Daily Hormone Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jun; 89(6):2622-31.
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        84. Avis NE, Crawford S, Manuel J. Psychosocial problems among younger women with breast cancer. Psychooncology. 2004 May; 13(5):295-308.
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        85. Sowers M, Crawford SL, Cauley JA, Stein E. Association of lipoprotein(a), insulin resistance, and reproductive hormones in a multiethnic cohort of pre- and perimenopausal women (The SWAN Study). Am J Cardiol. 2003 Sep 1; 92(5):533-7.
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        86. Stafford RS, Davidson SM, Davidson H, Miracle-McMahill H, Crawford SL, Blumenthal D. Chronic disease medication use in managed care and indemnity insurance plans. Health Serv Res. 2003 Apr; 38(2):595-612.
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        87. Bullock K, Crawford SL, Tennstedt SL. Employment and caregiving: exploration of African American caregivers. Soc Work. 2003 Apr; 48(2):150-62.
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        88. Davidson SM, Davidson H, Miracle-McMahill H, Oakes JM, Crawford S, Blumenthal D, Valentine DP. Utilization of services by chronically ill people in managed care and indemnity plans: implications for quality. Inquiry. 2003; 40(1):57-70.
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        89. Santoro N, Crawford SL, Allsworth JE, Gold EB, Greendale GA, Korenman S, Lasley BL, McConnell D, McGaffigan P, Midgely R, Schocken M, Sowers M, Weiss G. Assessing menstrual cycles with urinary hormone assays. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Mar; 284(3):E521-30.
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        90. Crawford SL, Johannes CB, Stellato RK. Assessment of digit preference in self-reported year at menopause: choice of an appropriate reference distribution. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Oct 1; 156(7):676-83.
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        91. Lasley BL, Santoro N, Randolf JF, Gold EB, Crawford S, Weiss G, McConnell DS, Sowers MF. The relationship of circulating dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, and estradiol to stages of the menopausal transition and ethnicity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Aug; 87(8):3760-7.
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        92. Frayne SM, Crawford SL, McGraw SA, Smith KW, McKinlay JB. Help-seeking behaviors of blacks and whites dying from coronary heart disease. Ethn Health. 2002 May; 7(2):77-86.
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        93. Avis NE, Crawford SL. Menopause and weight. Menopause. 2001 Jul-Aug; 8(4):230-2.
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        94. Harlow SD, Crawford SL, Sommer B, Greendale GA. Self-defined menopausal status in a multi-ethnic sample of midlife women. Maturitas. 2000 Aug 31; 36(2):93-112.
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        95. Johannes CB, Crawford SL, Woods J, Goldstein RB, Tran D, Mehrotra S, Johnson KB, Santoro N. An electronic menstrual cycle calendar: comparison of data quality with a paper version. Menopause. 2000 May-Jun; 7(3):200-8.
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        96. Crawford SL, Casey VA, Avis NE, McKinlay SM. A longitudinal study of weight and the menopause transition: results from the Massachusetts Women's Health Study. Menopause. 2000 Mar-Apr; 7(2):96-104.
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        97. Johannes CB, Crawford SL. Menstrual bleeding, hormones, and the menopausal transition. Semin Reprod Endocrinol. 1999; 17(4):299-309.
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        98. Neff JA, Crawford SL. The Health Belief Model and HIV risk behaviours: a causal model analysis among Anglos, African-Americans and Mexican-Americans. Ethn Health. 1998 Nov; 3(4):283-99.
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        99. Stellato RK, Crawford SL, McKinlay SM, Longcope C. Can follicle-stimulating hormone be used to define menopausal status? Endocr Pract. 1998 May-Jun; 4(3):137-41.
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        100. Johannes CB, Crawford SL, McKinlay JB. Interviewer effects in a cohort study. Results from the Massachusetts Women's Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep 1; 146(5):429-38.
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        101. Sellers DE, Crawford SL, Bullock K, McKinlay JB. Understanding the variability in the effectiveness of community heart health programs: a meta-analysis. Soc Sci Med. 1997 May; 44(9):1325-39.
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        102. Crawford SL, Jette AM, Tennstedt SL. Test-retest reliability of self-reported disability measures in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Mar; 45(3):338-41.
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        103. Avis NE, Crawford SL, McKinlay SM. Psychosocial, behavioral, and health factors related to menopause symptomatology. Womens Health. 1997; 3(2):103-20.
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        104. Brambilla DJ, McKinlay SM, McKinlay JB, Weiss SR, Johannes CB, Crawford SL, Longcope C. Does collecting repeated blood samples from each subject improve the precision of estimated steroid hormone levels? J Clin Epidemiol. 1996 Mar; 49(3):345-50.
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        105. McKinlay JB, Crawford SL, Tennstedt SL. The everyday impacts of providing informal care to dependent elders and their consequences for the care recipients. J Aging Health. 1995 Nov; 7(4):497-528.
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        106. Crawford SL, Tennstedt SL, McKinlay JB. A comparison of anlaytic methods for non-random missingness of outcome data. J Clin Epidemiol. 1995 Feb; 48(2):209-19.
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        107. Johannes CB, Crawford SL, Posner JG, McKinlay SM. Longitudinal patterns and correlates of hormone replacement therapy use in middle-aged women. Am J Epidemiol. 1994 Sep 1; 140(5):439-52.
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        108. Crawford SL, McGraw SA, Smith KW, McKinlay JB, Pierson JE. Do blacks and whites differ in their use of health care for symptoms of coronary heart disease? Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 84(6):957-64.
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        109. Skinner KM, Tennstedt SL, Crawford SL. Do characteristics of informal caregivers affect the length of hospital stay for frail elders? J Aging Health. 1994 May; 6(2):255-69.
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        110. Smith KW, McGraw SA, Crawford SL, Costa LA, McKinlay JB. HIV risk among Latino adolescents in two New England cities. Am J Public Health. 1993 Oct; 83(10):1395-9.
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        111. Tennstedt SL, Crawford SL, McKinlay JB. Is family care on the decline? A longitudinal investigation of the substitution of formal long-term care services for informal care. Milbank Q. 1993; 71(4):601-24.
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        112. Smith KW, McGraw SA, Crawford SL, McKinlay JB. Do blacks and whites differ in reporting Rose Questionnaire angina? Results of the Boston Health Care Project. Ethn Dis. 1993; 3(3):278-89.
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