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Rachel M Gerstein PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUMass Chan Medical School
DepartmentMicrobiology and Physiological Systems
AddressUMass Chan Medical School
55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester MA 01655
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine
    DepartmentMicrobiology and Physiological Systems

    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine
    DepartmentNeuroNexus Institute

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentCancer Biology

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentImmunology and Microbiology Program

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentInterdisciplinary Graduate Program

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentTranslational Science


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Smith College, Northampton, MA, United StatesBABiological Sciences
    Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United StatesPHDBiology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Summary
    Focus: Developmental regulation of V(D)J recombination and B cell development
    Collapse overview

    Academic Background

    PhD, Brandeis University, 1991

    Developmental regulation of V(D)J recombination and B cell development.

    Rachel Gerstein, PhDMammals start generating B lymphocytes during fetal development and continue to do so throughout life. My lab is interested in what controls the initiation of antibody gene rearrangement during B cell development. In order to pin-point when progenitors have acquired the ability to rearrange antibody genes, we are using a novel retroviral substrate assay for V(D)J recombination, utilizing very bright mutants of Green fluorescent protein (GFP). In addition, the generation of two GFP mutants with distinct excitation optima allows for detection of two distinct GFP genes within single cells.1 V(D)J recombination and the activity of genes of interest (using GFP as a reporter of gene expression) can be detected as intracellular fluorescence and are measured simultaneously in the same cell population, at the single cell level. We are using this dual reporter system to ask what are the molecules and mechanisms controlling the developmental activation of V(D)J recombination. In addition, my lab studies the process of developmental committment to the B cell lineages, using 7-color flow cytometry on a state-of-the-art 3 laser FACS.

    1 Anderson, M.T., etal. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 93:8508-8511.


    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Fulham MA, Ratna A, Gerstein RM, Kurt-Jones EA, Mandrekar P. Alcohol-induced adipose tissue macrophage phenotypic switching is independent of myeloid Toll-like receptor 4 expression. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2019 10 01; 317(4):C687-C700. PMID: 31268779.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    2. E X, Meraner P, Lu P, Perreira JM, Aker AM, McDougall WM, Zhuge R, Chan GC, Gerstein RM, Caposio P, Yurochko AD, Brass AL, Kowalik TF. OR14I1 is a receptor for the human cytomegalovirus pentameric complex and defines viral epithelial cell tropism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 04 02; 116(14):7043-7052. PMID: 30894498.
      Citations: 53     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    3. Bou Ghanem EN, Maung NHT, Siwapornchai N, Goodwin AE, Clark S, Muñoz-Elías EJ, Camilli A, Gerstein RM, Leong JM. Correction: Nasopharyngeal Exposure to Streptococcus pneumoniae Induces Extended Age-Dependent Protection against Pulmonary Infection Mediated by Antibodies and CD138+ Cells. J Immunol. 2018 12 01; 201(11):3471. PMID: 30373849.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    4. Bou Ghanem EN, Maung NHT, Siwapornchai N, Goodwin AE, Clark S, Muñoz-Elías EJ, Camilli A, Gerstein RM, Leong JM. Nasopharyngeal Exposure to Streptococcus pneumoniae Induces Extended Age-Dependent Protection against Pulmonary Infection Mediated by Antibodies and CD138+ Cells. J Immunol. 2018 06 01; 200(11):3739-3751. PMID: 29661828.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    
    5. Maldonado-Contreras A, Gerstein RM. Editorial: No Trp, no B: surprising connectivity of diet, microbiome, aging, and adaptive immunity. J Leukoc Biol. 2017 04; 101(4):807-809. PMID: 28366880.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Trabucco SE, Gerstein RM, Zhang H. YY1 Regulates the Germinal Center Reaction by Inhibiting Apoptosis. J Immunol. 2016 09 01; 197(5):1699-707. PMID: 27448584.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    7. Ghosn EE, Waters J, Phillips M, Yamamoto R, Long BR, Yang Y, Gerstein R, Stoddart CA, Nakauchi H, Herzenberg LA. Fetal Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Fails to Fully Regenerate the B-Lymphocyte Compartment. Stem Cell Reports. 2016 Jan 12; 6(1):137-49. PMID: 26724903.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    8. Trabucco SE, Gerstein RM, Evens AM, Bradner JE, Shultz LD, Greiner DL, Zhang H. Inhibition of bromodomain proteins for the treatment of human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Jan 01; 21(1):113-22. PMID: 25009295.
      Citations: 57     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    9. Ramkumar C, Kong Y, Trabucco SE, Gerstein RM, Zhang H. Smurf2 regulates hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal and aging. Aging Cell. 2014 Jun; 13(3):478-86. PMID: 24494704.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. Zook EC, Zhang S, Gerstein RM, Witte PL, Le PT. Enhancing T lineage production in aged mice: a novel function of Foxn1 in the bone marrow niche. J Immunol. 2013 Dec 01; 191(11):5583-93. PMID: 24184560.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    11. Dowdy CR, Frederick D, Zaidi SK, Colby JL, Lian JB, van Wijnen AJ, Gerstein RM, Stein JL, Stein GS. A germline point mutation in Runx1 uncouples its role in definitive hematopoiesis from differentiation. Exp Hematol. 2013 Nov; 41(11):980-991.e1. PMID: 23823022.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    12. Selimyan R, Gerstein RM, Ivanova I, Precht P, Subrahmanyam R, Perlot T, Alt FW, Sen R. Localized DNA demethylation at recombination intermediates during immunoglobulin heavy chain gene assembly. PLoS Biol. 2013; 11(1):e1001475. PMID: 23382652.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    13. Ramkumar C, Gerstein RM, Zhang H. Serial transplantation of bone marrow to test self-renewal capacity of hematopoietic stem cells in vivo. Methods Mol Biol. 2013; 976:17-24. PMID: 23400431.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Ramkumar C, Cui H, Kong Y, Jones SN, Gerstein RM, Zhang H. Smurf2 suppresses B-cell proliferation and lymphomagenesis by mediating ubiquitination and degradation of YY1. Nat Commun. 2013; 4:2598. PMID: 24121673.
      Citations: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    15. Ramkumar C, Kong Y, Cui H, Hao S, Jones SN, Gerstein RM, Zhang H. Smurf2 regulates the senescence response and suppresses tumorigenesis in mice. Cancer Res. 2012 Jun 01; 72(11):2714-9. PMID: 22552287.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. Tatarek J, Cullion K, Ashworth T, Gerstein R, Aster JC, Kelliher MA. Notch1 inhibition targets the leukemia-initiating cells in a Tal1/Lmo2 mouse model of T-ALL. Blood. 2011 Aug 11; 118(6):1579-90. PMID: 21670468.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Guikema JE, Gerstein RM, Linehan EK, Cloherty EK, Evan-Browning E, Tsuchimoto D, Nakabeppu Y, Schrader CE. Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 2 is necessary for normal B cell development and recovery of lymphoid progenitors after chemotherapeutic challenge. J Immunol. 2011 Feb 15; 186(4):1943-50. PMID: 21228350.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    18. Priyadharshini B, Welsh RM, Greiner DL, Gerstein RM, Brehm MA. Maturation-dependent licensing of naive T cells for rapid TNF production. PLoS One. 2010 Nov 24; 5(11):e15038. PMID: 21124839.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    19. Castro I, Wright JA, Damdinsuren B, Hoek KL, Carlesso G, Shinners NP, Gerstein RM, Woodland RT, Sen R, Khan WN. B cell receptor-mediated sustained c-Rel activation facilitates late transitional B cell survival through control of B cell activating factor receptor and NF-kappaB2. J Immunol. 2009 Jun 15; 182(12):7729-37. PMID: 19494297.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Gerstein RM. Deciding the decider: Mef2c in hematopoiesis. Nat Immunol. 2009 Mar; 10(3):235-6. PMID: 19221552.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    21. Coles AH, Marfella CG, Imbalzano AN, Steinman HA, Garlick DS, Gerstein RM, Jones SN. p37Ing1b regulates B-cell proliferation and cooperates with p53 to suppress diffuse large B-cell lymphomagenesis. Cancer Res. 2008 Nov 01; 68(21):8705-14. PMID: 18974112.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. Li L, Dutra A, Pak E, Labrie JE, Gerstein RM, Pandolfi PP, Recht LD, Ross AH. EGFRvIII expression and PTEN loss synergistically induce chromosomal instability and glial tumors. Neuro Oncol. 2009 Feb; 11(1):9-21. PMID: 18812521.
      Citations: 45     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Malhotra S, Baba Y, Garrett KP, Staal FJ, Gerstein R, Kincade PW. Contrasting responses of lymphoid progenitors to canonical and noncanonical Wnt signals. J Immunol. 2008 Sep 15; 181(6):3955-64. PMID: 18768850.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Pilbeam K, Basse P, Brossay L, Vujanovic N, Gerstein R, Vallejo AN, Borghesi L. The ontogeny and fate of NK cells marked by permanent DNA rearrangements. J Immunol. 2008 Feb 01; 180(3):1432-41. PMID: 18209038.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    25. Kuo YH, Gerstein RM, Castilla LH. Cbfbeta-SMMHC impairs differentiation of common lymphoid progenitors and reveals an essential role for RUNX in early B-cell development. Blood. 2008 Feb 01; 111(3):1543-51. PMID: 17940206.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. Hoek KL, Antony P, Lowe J, Shinners N, Sarmah B, Wente SR, Wang D, Gerstein RM, Khan WN. Transitional B cell fate is associated with developmental stage-specific regulation of diacylglycerol and calcium signaling upon B cell receptor engagement. J Immunol. 2006 Oct 15; 177(8):5405-13. PMID: 17015726.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    27. Harman BC, Miller JP, Nikbakht N, Gerstein R, Allman D. Mouse plasmacytoid dendritic cells derive exclusively from estrogen-resistant myeloid progenitors. Blood. 2006 Aug 01; 108(3):878-85. PMID: 16507769.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    28. Borghesi L, Aites J, Nelson S, Lefterov P, James P, Gerstein R. E47 is required for V(D)J recombinase activity in common lymphoid progenitors. J Exp Med. 2005 Dec 19; 202(12):1669-77. PMID: 16365147.
      Citations: 41     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. Labrie JE, Borghesi L, Gerstein RM. Bone marrow microenvironmental changes in aged mice compromise V(D)J recombinase activity and B cell generation. Semin Immunol. 2005 Oct; 17(5):347-55. PMID: 15963731.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    30. Alugupalli KR, Gerstein RM. Divide and conquer: division of labor by B-1 B cells. Immunity. 2005 Jul; 23(1):1-2. PMID: 16039572.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    31. Sambandam A, Maillard I, Zediak VP, Xu L, Gerstein RM, Aster JC, Pear WS, Bhandoola A. Notch signaling controls the generation and differentiation of early T lineage progenitors. Nat Immunol. 2005 Jul; 6(7):663-70. PMID: 15951813.
      Citations: 149     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Alugupalli KR, Leong JM, Woodland RT, Muramatsu M, Honjo T, Gerstein RM. B1b lymphocytes confer T cell-independent long-lasting immunity. Immunity. 2004 Sep; 21(3):379-90. PMID: 15357949.
      Citations: 193     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Labrie JE, Sah AP, Allman DM, Cancro MP, Gerstein RM. Bone marrow microenvironmental changes underlie reduced RAG-mediated recombination and B cell generation in aged mice. J Exp Med. 2004 Aug 16; 200(4):411-23. PMID: 15314072.
      Citations: 56     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    34. Borghesi L, Hsu LY, Miller JP, Anderson M, Herzenberg L, Herzenberg L, Schlissel MS, Allman D, Gerstein RM. B lineage-specific regulation of V(D)J recombinase activity is established in common lymphoid progenitors. J Exp Med. 2004 Feb 16; 199(4):491-502. PMID: 14769852.
      Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Borghesi L, Gerstein RM. Developmental separation of V(D)J recombinase expression and initiation of IgH recombination in B lineage progenitors in vivo. J Exp Med. 2004 Feb 16; 199(4):483-9. PMID: 14769853.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    36. Liang H, Chen Q, Coles AH, Anderson SJ, Pihan G, Bradley A, Gerstein R, Jurecic R, Jones SN. Wnt5a inhibits B cell proliferation and functions as a tumor suppressor in hematopoietic tissue. Cancer Cell. 2003 Nov; 4(5):349-60. PMID: 14667502.
      Citations: 130     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Alugupalli KR, Gerstein RM, Chen J, Szomolanyi-Tsuda E, Woodland RT, Leong JM. The resolution of relapsing fever borreliosis requires IgM and is concurrent with expansion of B1b lymphocytes. J Immunol. 2003 Apr 01; 170(7):3819-27. PMID: 12646649.
      Citations: 102     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    38. Petro JB, Gerstein RM, Lowe J, Carter RS, Shinners N, Khan WN. Transitional type 1 and 2 B lymphocyte subsets are differentially responsive to antigen receptor signaling. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 13; 277(50):48009-19. PMID: 12356763.
      Citations: 43     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Miller JP, Izon D, DeMuth W, Gerstein R, Bhandoola A, Allman D. The earliest step in B lineage differentiation from common lymphoid progenitors is critically dependent upon interleukin 7. J Exp Med. 2002 Sep 02; 196(5):705-11. PMID: 12208884.
      Citations: 61     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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