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    Catarina I Kiefe MD, PhD

    TitleChair and Professor
    InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    DepartmentQuantitative Health Sciences
    AddressUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
    55 Lake Avenue North
    Worcester MA 01655
      Other Positions
      InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
      DepartmentMedicine

      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentClinical Population Health Research

      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentMasters in Clinical Investigation

      InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      DepartmentMD/PhD Program

      InstitutionUMMS - Programs, Centers and Institutes
      DepartmentBioinformatics and Integrative Biology

        Overview 
        Narrative

        Catarina Kiefe, Ph.D., M.D., began as a mathematician, earning her doctoral degree at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. She then earned her medical degree at the University of California, San Francisco. She specialized in internal medicine, completing her residency at the University of Minnesota Hospitals and Clinics. Now, as the inaugural chair of the Department of Quantitative Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), she combines the rigor of mathematics with the needs of clinical medicine.

        While criss-crossing the country, Dr. Kiefe has come full circle with a twist. She draws upon the intellectual curiosity and drive for discovery that marked her early career as an abstract researcher, using it to help her lead an applied research function with the objective of improving healthcare outcomes for individuals and populations.

        UMMS’s goal in establishing its new department was, and remains, ambitious. The medical school’s vision is for the Department of Quantitative Health Sciences to bridge the school’s strengths in basic research and clinical services and play a pivotal role in helping UMMS to become one of the top 25 research medical schools in the U.S. As department chair, Dr. Kiefe is largely responsible for making that vision a reality.

        As a mathematician, Dr. Kiefe is straightforward and concise. As a researcher, she mines data for insight into elements of cause and effect. As a clinician, she “weaves service — a link to practice — into discovery.” And as a leader she promotes cohesion among her team and colleagues around a collective vision.

        The Department of Quantitative Health Sciences represents a new wave in health care, and Dr. Kiefe’s vision is to improve health through methodological innovation. The goals she has set to realize that vision are a work in progress.



        Bibliographic 
        selected publications
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        1. Hajduk AM, Kiefe CI, Person SD, Gore JG, Saczynski JS. Cognitive change in heart failure: a systematic review. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2013 Jul 1; 6(4):451-60.
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        2. Cook NL, Bonds DE, Kiefe CI, Curtis JP, Krumholz HM, Kressin NR, Peterson ED. Centers for cardiovascular outcomes research: defining a collaborative vision. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2013 Mar 1; 6(2):223-8.
          View in: PubMed
        3. Fouad MN, Lee JY, Catalano PJ, Vogt TM, Zafar SY, West DW, Simon C, Klabunde CN, Kahn KL, Weeks JC, Kiefe CI. Enrollment of patients with lung and colorectal cancers onto clinical trials. J Oncol Pract. 2013 Mar; 9(2):e40-7.
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        4. Houston TK, Delaughter KL, Ray MN, Gilbert GH, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Volkman JE. Cluster-randomized trial of a web-assisted tobacco quality improvement intervention of subsequent patient tobacco product use: a National Dental PBRN study. BMC Oral Health. 2013; 13:13.
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        5. Kiefe C, Allison JJ, de Lissovoy G. Predicting hospital readmission: different approaches raise new questions about old issues. Med Care. 2013 Jan; 51(1):11-2.
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        6. Waring ME, McManus RH, Saczynski JS, Anatchkova MD, McManus DD, Devereaux RS, Goldberg RJ, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI. Transitions, Risks, and Actions in Coronary Events--Center for Outcomes Research and Education (TRACE-CORE): design and rationale. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2012 Sep 1; 5(5):e44-50.
          View in: PubMed
        7. Borrell LN, Kiefe CI, Diez-Roux AV, Williams DR, Gordon-Larsen P. Racial discrimination, racial/ethnic segregation, and health behaviors in the CARDIA study. Ethn Health. 2013 Jun; 18(3):227-43.
          View in: PubMed
        8. Tang JW, Allen N, de Chavez P, Goff DC, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Carnethon M. Health-care access and weight change among young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Oct; 16(10):1796-800.
          View in: PubMed
        9. Cunningham TJ, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Jacobs DR, Seeman TE, Kiefe CI, Gortmaker SL. Changes in waist circumference and body mass index in the us cardia cohort: fixed-effects associations with self-reported experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination. J Biosoc Sci. 2013 Mar; 45(2):267-78.
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        10. Canto JG, Kiefe CI, Rogers WJ, Peterson ED, Frederick PD, French WJ, Gibson CM, Pollack CV, Ornato JP, Zalenski RJ, Penney J, Tiefenbrunn AJ, Greenland P. Atherosclerotic Risk Factors and Their Association With Hospital Mortality Among Patients With First Myocardial Infarction (from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction). Am J Cardiol. 2012 Nov 1; 110(9):1256-61.
          View in: PubMed
        11. Cunningham TJ, Seeman TE, Kawachi I, Gortmaker SL, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI, Berkman LF. Racial/ethnic and gender differences in the association between self-reported experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination and inflammation in the CARDIA cohort of 4 US communities. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Sep; 75(5):922-31.
          View in: PubMed
        12. Cho HJ, Bower JE, Kiefe CI, Seeman TE, Irwin MR. Early life stress and inflammatory mechanisms of fatigue in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Brain Behav Immun. 2012 Aug; 26(6):859-65.
          View in: PubMed
        13. Canto AJ, Kiefe CI, Goldberg RJ, Rogers WJ, Peterson ED, Wenger NK, Vaccarino V, Frederick PD, Sopko G, Zheng ZJ, Canto JG. Differences in symptom presentation and hospital mortality according to type of acute myocardial infarction. Am Heart J. 2012 Apr; 163(4):572-9.
          View in: PubMed
        14. Canto JG, Rogers WJ, Goldberg RJ, Peterson ED, Wenger NK, Vaccarino V, Kiefe CI, Frederick PD, Sopko G, Zheng ZJ. Association of age and sex with myocardial infarction symptom presentation and in-hospital mortality. JAMA. 2012 Feb 22; 307(8):813-22.
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        15. Levine DA, Funkhouser EM, Houston TK, Gerald JK, Johnson-Roe N, Allison JJ, Richman J, Kiefe CI. Improving care after myocardial infarction using a 2-year internet-delivered intervention: the Department of Veterans Affairs myocardial infarction-plus cluster-randomized trial. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Nov 28; 171(21):1910-7.
          View in: PubMed
        16. Canto JG, Kiefe CI, Rogers WJ, Peterson ED, Frederick PD, French WJ, Gibson CM, Pollack CV, Ornato JP, Zalenski RJ, Penney J, Tiefenbrunn AJ, Greenland P. Number of coronary heart disease risk factors and mortality in patients with first myocardial infarction. JAMA. 2011 Nov 16; 306(19):2120-7.
          View in: PubMed
        17. Muntner P, Newsome B, Kramer H, Peralta CA, Kim Y, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE. Racial differences in the incidence of chronic kidney disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jan; 7(1):101-7.
          View in: PubMed
        18. Cunningham TJ, Berkman LF, Gortmaker SL, Kiefe CI, Jacobs DR, Seeman TE, Kawachi I. Assessment of Differential Item Functioning in the Experiences of Discrimination Index: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Dec 1; 174(11):1266-74.
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        19. Funkhouser E, Levine DA, Gerald JK, Houston TK, Johnson NK, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI. Recruitment activities for a nationwide, population-based, group-randomized trial: the VA MI-Plus study. Implement Sci. 2011; 6(1):105.
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        20. Boone-Heinonen J, Gordon-Larsen P, Kiefe CI, Shikany JM, Lewis CE, Popkin BM. Fast Food Restaurants and Food Stores: Longitudinal Associations With Diet in Young to Middle-aged Adults: The CARDIA Study. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Jul 11; 171(13):1162-70.
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        21. Martin MY, Pisu M, Oster RA, Urmie JM, Schrag D, Huskamp HA, Lee J, Kiefe CI, Fouad MN. Racial variation in willingness to trade financial resources for life-prolonging cancer treatment. Cancer. 2011 Aug 1; 117(15):3476-84.
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        22. Kiefe C, Allison J. Health, market forces, and debate in medical care: room for controversy. Med Care. 2011 Mar; 49(3):231.
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        23. Merkin SS, Azziz R, Seeman T, Calderon-Margalit R, Daviglus M, Kiefe C, Matthews K, Sternfeld B, Siscovick D. Socioeconomic status and polycystic ovary syndrome. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Mar; 20(3):413-9.
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        24. Boone-Heinonen J, Diez Roux AV, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Guilkey DK, Gordon-Larsen P. Neighborhood socioeconomic status predictors of physical activity through young to middle adulthood: The CARDIA study. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Mar; 72(5):641-9.
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        25. Houston TK, Allison JJ, Sussman M, Horn W, Holt CL, Trobaugh J, Salas M, Pisu M, Cuffee YL, Larkin D, Person SD, Barton B, Kiefe CI, Hullett S. Culturally appropriate storytelling to improve blood pressure: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Jan 18; 154(2):77-84.
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        26. Halanych JH, Safford MM, Shikany JM, Cuffee Y, Person SD, Scarinci IC, Kiefe CI, Allison JJ. The association between income, education, and experiences of discrimination in older African American and European American patients. Ethn Dis. 2011; 21(2):223-9.
          View in: PubMed
        27. Funkhouser E, Houston TK, Levine DA, Richman J, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI. Physician and patient influences on provider performance: ß-blockers in postmyocardial infarction management in the MI-Plus study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011 Jan 1; 4(1):99-106.
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        28. Levine DA, Lewis CE, Williams OD, Safford MM, Liu K, Calhoun DA, Kim Y, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI. Geographic and Demographic Variability in 20-Year Hypertension Incidence: The CARDIA Study. Hypertension. 2011 Jan; 57(1):39-47.
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        29. Levine DA, Neidecker MV, Kiefe CI, Karve S, Williams LS, Allison JJ. Racial/ethnic disparities in access to physician care and medications among US stroke survivors. Neurology. 2011 Jan 4; 76(1):53-61.
          View in: PubMed
        30. Ayanian JZ, Zaslavsky AM, Arora NK, Kahn KL, Malin JL, Ganz PA, van Ryn M, Hornbrook MC, Kiefe CI, He Y, Urmie JM, Weeks JC, Harrington DP. Patients' experiences with care for lung cancer and colorectal cancer: findings from the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Sep 20; 28(27):4154-61.
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        31. Deverts DJ, Cohen S, DiLillo VG, Lewis CE, Kiefe C, Whooley M, Matthews KA. Depressive symptoms, race, and circulating C-reactive protein: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Psychosom Med. 2010 Oct; 72(8):734-41.
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        32. Kim D, Diez Roux AV, Kiefe CI, Kawachi I, Liu K. Do neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and low social cohesion predict coronary calcification?: the CARDIA study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Aug 1; 172(3):288-98.
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        33. Cerdá M, Diez-Roux AV, Tchetgen ET, Gordon-Larsen P, Kiefe C. The relationship between neighborhood poverty and alcohol use: estimation by marginal structural models. Epidemiology. 2010 Jul; 21(4):482-9.
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        34. Kozak AT, Daviglus ML, Chan C, Kiefe CI, Jacobs DR, Liu K. Relationship of body mass index in young adulthood and health-related quality of life two decades later: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 Jan; 35(1):134-41.
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        35. Lee DH, Steffes MW, Gross M, Park K, Holvoet P, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Jacobs DR. Differential associations of weight dynamics with coronary artery calcium versus common carotid artery intima-media thickness: The CARDIA Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jul 15; 172(2):180-9.
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        36. Greenlund KJ, Kiefe CI, Giles WH, Liu K. Associations of job strain and occupation with subclinical atherosclerosis: The CARDIA Study. Ann Epidemiol. 2010 May; 20(5):323-31.
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        37. Needham BL, Epel ES, Adler NE, Kiefe C. Trajectories of change in obesity and symptoms of depression: the CARDIA study. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jun; 100(6):1040-6.
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        38. Peña A, Virk SS, Shewchuk RM, Allison JJ, Williams OD, Kiefe CI. Validity versus feasibility for quality of care indicators: expert panel results from the MI-Plus study. Int J Qual Health Care. 2010 Jun; 22(3):201-9.
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        39. Kahn KL, Adams JL, Weeks JC, Chrischilles EA, Schrag D, Ayanian JZ, Kiefe CI, Ganz PA, Bhoopalam N, Potosky AL, Harrington DP, Fletcher RH. Adjuvant chemotherapy use and adverse events among older patients with stage III colon cancer. JAMA. 2010 Mar 17; 303(11):1037-45.
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        40. Halanych JH, Safford MM, Kertesz SG, Pletcher MJ, Kim YI, Person SD, Lewis CE, Kiefe CI. Alcohol consumption in young adults and incident hypertension: 20-year follow-up from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Mar 1; 171(5):532-9.
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        41. Pisu M, Crenshaw K, Funkhouser E, Ray M, Kiefe CI, Saag K, LaCivita C, Allison JJ. Medication assistance programs: do all in need benefit equally? Ethn Dis. 2010; 20(4):339-45.
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        42. Houston TK, Coley HL, Sadasivam RS, Ray MN, Williams JH, Allison JJ, Gilbert GH, Kiefe CI, Kohler C. Impact of content-specific email reminders on provider participation in an online intervention: a dental PBRN study. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010; 160(Pt 2):801-5.
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        43. Chrischilles EA, Pendergast JF, Kahn KL, Wallace RB, Moga DC, Harrington DP, Kiefe CI, Weeks JC, West DW, Zafar SY, Fletcher RH. Adverse events among the elderly receiving chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Feb 1; 28(4):620-7.
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        44. Vaccarino V, Parsons L, Peterson ED, Rogers WJ, Kiefe CI, Canto J. Sex differences in mortality after acute myocardial infarction: changes from 1994 to 2006. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Oct 26; 169(19):1767-74.
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        45. LaCivita C, Funkhouser E, Miller MJ, Ray MN, Saag KG, Kiefe CI, Cobaugh DJ, Allison JJ. Patient-reported communications with pharmacy staff at community pharmacies: the Alabama NSAID Patient Safety Study, 2005-2007. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2009 Sep-Oct; 49(5):e110-7.
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        46. Sales AE, Tipton EF, Levine DA, Houston TK, Kim Y, Allison J, Kiefe CI. Are co-morbidities associated with guideline adherence? The MI-Plus study of Medicare patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Nov; 24(11):1205-10.
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        47. Cho HJ, Seeman TE, Bower JE, Kiefe CI, Irwin MR. Prospective association between C-reactive protein and fatigue in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Nov 1; 66(9):871-8.
          View in: PubMed
        48. Wiltshire JC, Person SD, Kiefe CI, Allison JJ. Disentangling the influence of socioeconomic status on differences between African American and white women in unmet medical needs. Am J Public Health. 2009 Sep; 99(9):1659-65.
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        49. Gavin AR, Chae DH, Mustillo S, Kiefe CI. Prepregnancy depressive mood and preterm birth in black and white women: findings from the CARDIA Study. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009 Jun; 18(6):803-11.
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        50. Lehman BJ, Taylor SE, Kiefe CI, Seeman TE. Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to blood pressure in the CARDIA study. Health Psychol. 2009 May; 28(3):338-46.
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        51. Wang EA, Pletcher M, Lin F, Vittinghoff E, Kertesz SG, Kiefe CI, Bibbins-Domingo K. Incarceration, incident hypertension, and access to health care: findings from the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 13; 169(7):687-93.
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        52. Willett LL, Heudebert GR, Palonen KP, Massie FS, Kiefe CI, Allison JJ, Richman J, Houston TK. The importance of measuring competency-based outcomes: standard evaluation measures are not surrogates for clinical performance of internal medicine residents. Teach Learn Med. 2009 Apr-Jun; 21(2):87-93.
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        53. Lynch E, Liu K, Wei GS, Spring B, Kiefe C, Greenland P. The relation between body size perception and change in body mass index over 13 years: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Apr 1; 169(7):857-66.
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        54. Pisu M, Richman J, Allison JJ, Williams OD, Kiefe CI. Pharmaceuticals companies' medication assistance programs: potentially useful but too burdensome to use? South Med J. 2009 Feb; 102(2):139-44.
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        55. Schoen MJ, Tipton EF, Houston TK, Funkhouser E, Levine DA, Estrada CA, Allison JJ, Williams OD, Kiefe CI. Characteristics that predict physician participation in a Web-based CME activity: the MI-Plus study. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2009; 29(4):246-53.
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        56. Cobaugh DJ, Angner E, Kiefe CI, Ray MN, Lacivita CL, Weissman NW, Saag KG, Allison JJ. Effect of racial differences on ability to afford prescription medications. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2008 Nov 15; 65(22):2137-43.
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        57. Houston TK, Richman JS, Ray MN, Allison JJ, Gilbert GH, Shewchuk RM, Kohler CL, Kiefe CI. Internet delivered support for tobacco control in dental practice: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2008; 10(5):e38.
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        58. Westfall JM, Kiefe CI, Weissman NW, Goudie A, Centor RM, Williams OD, Allison JJ. Does interhospital transfer improve outcome of acute myocardial infarction? A propensity score analysis from the Cardiovascular Cooperative Project. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2008; 8:22.
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        59. Allison JJ, Weissman NW, Silvey AB, Chapin CA, Kiefe CI. Identifying top-performing hospitals by algorithm: results from a demonstration project. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2008 Jun; 34(6):309-17.
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        60. Newsome BB, McClellan WM, Allison JJ, Eggers PW, Chen SC, Collins AJ, Kiefe CI, Coffey CS, Warnock DG. Racial differences in the competing risks of mortality and ESRD after acute myocardial infarction. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Aug; 52(2):251-61.
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        61. Houston TK, Richman JS, Coley HL, Ray MN, Allison JJ, Gilbert GH, Gordon JS, Kiefe CI. Does delayed measurement affect patient reports of provider performance? Implications for performance measurement of medical assistance with tobacco cessation: a Dental PBRN study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008; 8:100.
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        62. Newsome BB, Warnock DG, McClellan WM, Herzog CA, Kiefe CI, Eggers PW, Allison JJ. Long-term risk of mortality and end-stage renal disease among the elderly after small increases in serum creatinine level during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Mar 24; 168(6):609-16.
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        63. Shishehbor MH, Gordon-Larsen P, Kiefe CI, Litaker D. Association of neighborhood socioeconomic status with physical fitness in healthy young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Am Heart J. 2008 Apr; 155(4):699-705.
          View in: PubMed
        64. Salas M, Kiefe CI, Schreiner PJ, Kim Y, Juarez L, Person SD, Williams OD. Obesity Modifies the Association of Race/Ethnicity with Medication Adherence in the CARDIA Study. Patient. 2008 Jan 1; 1(1):41-54.
          View in: PubMed
        65. Fry RB, Ray MN, Cobaugh DJ, Weissman NW, Kiefe CI, Shewchuk RM, Saag KG, Curtis JR, Allison JJ. Racial/ethnic disparities in patient-reported nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) risk awareness, patient-doctor NSAID risk communication, and NSAID risk behavior. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Dec 15; 57(8):1539-45.
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        66. Safford MM, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI. Patient complexity: more than comorbidity. the vector model of complexity. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Dec; 22 Suppl 3:382-90.
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        67. Sweet E, McDade TW, Kiefe CI, Liu K. Relationships between skin color, income, and blood pressure among African Americans in the CARDIA Study. Am J Public Health. 2007 Dec; 97(12):2253-9.
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        68. Borrell LN, Jacobs DR, Williams DR, Pletcher MJ, Houston TK, Kiefe CI. Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Adults Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Nov 1; 166(9):1068-79.
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        69. Levine DA, Kiefe CI, Howard G, Howard VJ, Williams OD, Allison JJ. Reduced medication access: a marker for vulnerability in US stroke survivors. Stroke. 2007 May; 38(5):1557-64.
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        70. Curtis JR, Westfall AO, Allison J, Becker A, Melton ME, Freeman A, Kiefe CI, MacArthur M, Ockershausen T, Stewart E, Weissman N, Saag KG. Challenges in improving the quality of osteoporosis care for long-term glucocorticoid users: a prospective randomized trial. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Mar 26; 167(6):591-6.
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        71. Moye PK, Pesik N, Terndrup T, Roe J, Weissman N, Kiefe C, Houston TK. Bioterrorism training in U.S. emergency medicine residencies: has it changed since 9/11? Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Mar; 14(3):221-7.
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        72. Houston TK, Funkhouser E, Allison JJ, Levine DA, Williams OD, Kiefe CI. Multiple measures of provider participation in Internet delivered interventions. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007; 129(Pt 2):1401-5.
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        73. Kertesz SG, Pletcher MJ, Safford M, Halanych J, Kirk K, Schumacher J, Sidney S, Kiefe CI. Illicit drug use in young adults and subsequent decline in general health: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 May 11; 88(2-3):224-33.
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        74. Levine DA, Kiefe CI, Houston TK, Allison JJ, McCarthy EP, Ayanian JZ. Younger stroke survivors have reduced access to physician care and medications: National Health Interview Survey from years 1998 to 2002. Arch Neurol. 2007 Jan; 64(1):37-42.
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        75. Lynch EB, Liu K, Kiefe CI, Greenland P. Cardiovascular disease risk factor knowledge in young adults and 10-year change in risk factors: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Dec 15; 164(12):1171-9.
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        76. Pletcher MJ, Hulley BJ, Houston T, Kiefe CI, Benowitz N, Sidney S. Menthol cigarettes, smoking cessation, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary function: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Sep 25; 166(17):1915-22.
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        77. Newsome BB, McClellan WM, Coffey CS, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Warnock DG. Survival advantage of black patients with kidney disease after acute myocardial infarction. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Sep; 1(5):993-9.
          View in: PubMed
        78. Borrell LN, Kiefe CI, Williams DR, Diez-Roux AV, Gordon-Larsen P. Self-reported health, perceived racial discrimination, and skin color in African Americans in the CARDIA study. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Sep; 63(6):1415-27.
          View in: PubMed
        79. Pletcher MJ, Kertesz SG, Sidney S, Kiefe CI, Hulley SB. Incidence and antecedents of nonmedical prescription opioid use in four US communities. The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) prospective cohort study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2006 Nov 8; 85(2):171-6.
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        80. Taylor SE, Lehman BJ, Kiefe CI, Seeman TE. Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to adult C-reactive protein in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Oct 15; 60(8):819-24.
          View in: PubMed
        81. Yan LL, Liu K, Daviglus ML, Colangelo LA, Kiefe CI, Sidney S, Matthews KA, Greenland P. Education, 15-year risk factor progression, and coronary artery calcium in young adulthood and early middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. JAMA. 2006 Apr 19; 295(15):1793-800.
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        82. Houston TK, Person SD, Pletcher MJ, Liu K, Iribarren C, Kiefe CI. Active and passive smoking and development of glucose intolerance among young adults in a prospective cohort: CARDIA study. BMJ. 2006 May 6; 332(7549):1064-9.
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        83. Palonen KP, Allison JJ, Heudebert GR, Willett LL, Kiefe CI, Wall TC, Houston TK. Measuring resident physicians' performance of preventive care. Comparing chart review with patient survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Mar; 21(3):226-30.
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        84. Kiefe CI, Sales A. A state-of-the-art conference on implementing evidence in health care. Reasons and recommendations. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Feb; 21 Suppl 2:S67-70.
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        85. Pamboukian SV, Funkhouser E, Child IG, Allison JJ, Weissman NW, Kiefe CI. Disparities by insurance status in quality of care for elderly patients with unstable angina. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(4):799-807.
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        86. Knox S, Barnes A, Kiefe C, Lewis CE, Iribarren C, Matthews KA, Wong ND, Whooley M. History of depression, race, and cardiovascular risk in CARDIA. Int J Behav Med. 2006; 13(1):44-50.
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        87. Lehman BJ, Taylor SE, Kiefe CI, Seeman TE. Relation of childhood socioeconomic status and family environment to adult metabolic functioning in the CARDIA study. Psychosom Med. 2005 Nov-Dec; 67(6):846-54.
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        88. Finan KR, Vick CC, Kiefe CI, Neumayer L, Hawn MT. Predictors of wound infection in ventral hernia repair. Am J Surg. 2005 Nov; 190(5):676-81.
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        89. Heckemeyer CM, Kiefe CI. Glitazone in diabetes: relationship to patient dual public/private sector use. Diabetes Care. 2005 Nov; 28(11):2807.
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        90. Vick CC, Finan KR, Kiefe C, Neumayer L, Hawn MT. Variation in Institutional Review processes for a multisite observational study. Am J Surg. 2005 Nov; 190(5):805-9.
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        91. Pletcher MJ, Kiefe CI, Sidney S, Carr JJ, Lewis CE, Hulley SB. Cocaine and coronary calcification in young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am Heart J. 2005 Nov; 150(5):921-6.
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        92. Newsome BB, Warnock DG, Kiefe CI, Weissman NW, Houston TK, Centor RM, Person SD, McClellan WM, Allison JJ. Delay in time to receipt of thrombolytic medication among Medicare patients with kidney disease. Am J Kidney Dis. 2005 Oct; 46(4):595-602.
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        93. Wall TC, Mian MA, Ray MN, Casebeer L, Collins BC, Kiefe CI, Weissman N, Allison JJ. Improving physician performance through Internet-based interventions: who will participate? J Med Internet Res. 2005; 7(4):e48.
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        94. Willett LL, Palonen K, Allison JJ, Heudebert GR, Kiefe CI, Massie FS, Wall TC, Houston TK. Differences in preventive health quality by residency year. Is seniority better? J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Sep; 20(9):825-9.
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        95. Canto JG, Kiefe CI. Door-to-needle time in myocardial infarction: is there an ideal benchmark? Am Heart J. 2005 Sep; 150(3):365-7.
          View in: PubMed
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        98. Ray MN, Wall T, Casebeer L, Weissman N, Spettell C, Abdolrasulnia M, Mian MA, Collins B, Kiefe CI, Allison JJ. Chlamydia screening of at-risk young women in managed health care: characteristics of top-performing primary care offices. Sex Transm Dis. 2005 Jun; 32(6):382-6.
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        99. Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Wall T, Casebeer L, Ray MN, Spettell CM, Hook EW, Oh MK, Person SD, Weissman NW. Multicomponent Internet continuing medical education to promote chlamydia screening. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Apr; 28(3):285-90.
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        100. Henderson C, Diez Roux AV, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI, West D, Williams DR. Neighbourhood characteristics, individual level socioeconomic factors, and depressive symptoms in young adults: the CARDIA study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Apr; 59(4):322-8.
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        101. Pletcher MJ, Varosy P, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Hulley SB. Alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and early coronary calcification: findings from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Mar 1; 161(5):423-33.
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        102. Karlamangla AS, Singer BH, Williams DR, Schwartz JE, Matthews KA, Kiefe CI, Seeman TE. Impact of socioeconomic status on longitudinal accumulation of cardiovascular risk in young adults: the CARDIA Study (USA). Soc Sci Med. 2005 Mar; 60(5):999-1015.
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        103. Houston TK, Allison JJ, Person S, Kovac S, Williams OD, Kiefe CI. Post-myocardial infarction smoking cessation counseling: associations with immediate and late mortality in older Medicare patients. Am J Med. 2005 Mar; 118(3):269-75.
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        104. Iribarren C, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI, Lewis CE, Matthews KA, Roseman JM, Hulley SB. Causes and demographic, medical, lifestyle and psychosocial predictors of premature mortality: the CARDIA study. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Feb; 60(3):471-82.
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        105. Mustillo S, Krieger N, Gunderson EP, Sidney S, McCreath H, Kiefe CI. Self-reported experiences of racial discrimination and Black-White differences in preterm and low-birthweight deliveries: the CARDIA Study. Am J Public Health. 2004 Dec; 94(12):2125-31.
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        106. Ayanian JZ, Chrischilles EA, Fletcher RH, Fouad MN, Harrington DP, Kahn KL, Kiefe CI, Lipscomb J, Malin JL, Potosky AL, Provenzale DT, Sandler RS, van Ryn M, Wallace RB, Weeks JC, West DW. Understanding cancer treatment and outcomes: the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium. J Clin Oncol. 2004 Aug 1; 22(15):2992-6.
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        107. Manhapra A, Canto JG, Vaccarino V, Parsons L, Kiefe CI, Barron HV, Rogers WJ, Weaver WD, Borzak S. Relation of age and race with hospital death after acute myocardial infarction. Am Heart J. 2004 Jul; 148(1):92-8.
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        108. Fouad MN, Mayo CP, Funkhouser EM, Irene Hall H, Urban DA, Kiefe CI. Comorbidity independently predicted death in older prostate cancer patients, more of whom died with than from their disease. J Clin Epidemiol. 2004 Jul; 57(7):721-9.
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        109. Ohldin A, Young B, Derleth A, McDonell M, Diehr P, Kiefe C, Fihn S. Ethnic differences in satisfaction and quality of life in veterans with ischemic heart disease. J Natl Med Assoc. 2004 Jun; 96(6):799-808.
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        110. Fihn SD, McDonell MB, Diehr P, Anderson SM, Bradley KA, Au DH, Spertus JA, Burman M, Reiber GE, Kiefe CI, Cody M, Sanders KM, Whooley MA, Rosenfeld K, Baczek LA, Sauvigne A. Effects of sustained audit/feedback on self-reported health status of primary care patients. Am J Med. 2004 Feb 15; 116(4):241-8.
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        111. Fincher C, Williams JE, MacLean V, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Canto J. Racial disparities in coronary heart disease: a sociological view of the medical literature on physician bias. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(3):360-71.
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        112. Person SD, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Weaver MT, Williams OD, Centor RM, Weissman NW. Nurse staffing and mortality for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. Med Care. 2004 Jan; 42(1):4-12.
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        113. Holman WL, Sansom M, Kiefe CI, Peterson ED, Hubbard SG, Delong JF, Allman RM. Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting project: results from phase II of a statewide quality improvement initiative. Ann Surg. 2004 Jan; 239(1):99-109.
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        114. Centor RM, Allison JJ, Weissman NW, Canto J, Heudebert G, Juarez L, Kiefe CI. Diffusion of troponin testing in unstable angina patients: adoption prior to guideline release. J Clin Epidemiol. 2003 Dec; 56(12):1236-43.
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        115. Yan LL, Liu K, Matthews KA, Daviglus ML, Ferguson TF, Kiefe CI. Psychosocial factors and risk of hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. JAMA. 2003 Oct 22; 290(16):2138-48.
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        116. Archer SL, Hilner JE, Dyer AR, Greenlund KJ, Colangelo LA, Kiefe CI, Liu K. Association of education with dietary intake among young adults in the bi-ethnic Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort. Public Health Nutr. 2003 Oct; 6(7):689-95.
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        117. Stehman-Breen CO, Gillen D, Steffes M, Jacobs DR, Lewis CE, Kiefe CI, Siscovick D. Racial differences in early-onset renal disease among young adults: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Sep; 14(9):2352-7.
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        118. Thomas RJ, Liu K, Jacobs DR, Bild DE, Kiefe CI, Hulley SB. Positional change in blood pressure and 8-year risk of hypertension: the CARDIA Study. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 Aug; 78(8):951-8.
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        119. Lee DH, Jacobs DR, Gross M, Kiefe CI, Roseman J, Lewis CE, Steffes M. Gamma-glutamyltransferase is a predictor of incident diabetes and hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Clin Chem. 2003 Aug; 49(8):1358-66.
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        120. Spettell CM, Wall TC, Allison J, Calhoun J, Kobylinski R, Fargason R, Kiefe CI. Identifying physician-recognized depression from administrative data: consequences for quality measurement. Health Serv Res. 2003 Aug; 38(4):1081-102.
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        121. Foody JM, Wang Y, Kiefe CI, Ellerbeck EF, Gold J, Radford MJ, Krumholz HM. Long-term prognostic importance of total cholesterol in elderly survivors of an acute myocardial infarction: the Cooperative Cardiovascular Pilot Project. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jul; 51(7):930-6.
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        122. Ahmed A, Allman RM, Kiefe CI, Person SD, Shaneyfelt TM, Sims RV, Howard G, DeLong JF. Association of consultation between generalists and cardiologists with quality and outcomes of heart failure care. Am Heart J. 2003 Jun; 145(6):1086-93.
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        123. Mudano AS, Casebeer L, Patino F, Allison JJ, Weissman NW, Kiefe CI, Person S, Gilbert D, Saag KG. Racial disparities in osteoporosis prevention in a managed care population. South Med J. 2003 May; 96(5):445-51.
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        124. Berner ES, Baker CS, Funkhouser E, Heudebert GR, Allison JJ, Fargason CA, Li Q, Person SD, Kiefe CI. Do local opinion leaders augment hospital quality improvement efforts? A randomized trial to promote adherence to unstable angina guidelines. Med Care. 2003 Mar; 41(3):420-31.
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        125. Diez Roux AV, Merkin SS, Hannan P, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI. Area characteristics, individual-level socioeconomic indicators, and smoking in young adults: the coronary artery disease risk development in young adults study. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Feb 15; 157(4):315-26.
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        126. Canto JG, Zalenski RJ, Ornato JP, Rogers WJ, Kiefe CI, Magid D, Shlipak MG, Frederick PD, Lambrew CG, Littrell KA, Barron HV. Use of emergency medical services in acute myocardial infarction and subsequent quality of care: observations from the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2. Circulation. 2002 Dec 10; 106(24):3018-23.
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        127. Whooley MA, Kiefe CI, Chesney MA, Markovitz JH, Matthews K, Hulley SB. Depressive symptoms, unemployment, and loss of income: The CARDIA Study. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Dec 9-23; 162(22):2614-20.
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        128. Diez Roux AV, Jacobs DR, Kiefe CI. Neighborhood characteristics and components of the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Nov; 25(11):1976-82.
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        129. Ahmed A, Kiefe CI, Allman RM, Sims RV, DeLong JF. Survival benefits of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in older heart failure patients with perceived contraindications. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Oct; 50(10):1659-66.
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        130. Canto JG, Fincher C, Kiefe CI, Allison JJ, Li Q, Funkhouser E, Centor RM, Selker HP, Weissman NW. Atypical presentations among Medicare beneficiaries with unstable angina pectoris. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Aug 1; 90(3):248-53.
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        131. Bowers MR, Kiefe CI. Measuring health care quality: comparing and contrasting the medical and the marketing approaches. Am J Med Qual. 2002 Jul-Aug; 17(4):136-44.
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        133. Kiefe CI. Race/ethnicity and cancer survival: the elusive target of biological differences. JAMA. 2002 Apr 24; 287(16):2138-9.
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        135. Splaine ME, Aron DC, Dittus RS, Kiefe CI, Landefeld CS, Rosenthal GE, Weeks WB, Batalden PB. A curriculum for training quality scholars to improve the health and health care of veterans and the community at large. Qual Manag Health Care. 2002; 10(3):10-8.
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        141. Holman WL, Allman RM, Sansom M, Kiefe CI, Peterson ED, Anstrom KJ, Sankey SS, Hubbard SG, Sherrill RG. Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting project: results of a statewide quality improvement initiative. JAMA. 2001 Jun 20; 285(23):3003-10.
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        145. Peterson ED, DeLong ER, Muhlbaier LH, Rosen AB, Buell HE, Kiefe CI, Kresowik TF. Challenges in comparing risk-adjusted bypass surgery mortality results: results from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Dec; 36(7):2174-84.
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        147. Hsia J, Kemper E, Sofaer S, Bowen D, Kiefe CI, Zapka J, Mason E, Lillington L, Limacher M. Is insurance a more important determinant of healthcare access than perceived health? Evidence from the Women's Health Initiative. J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2000 Oct; 9(8):881-9.
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        148. Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Weissman NW, Person SD, Rousculp M, Canto JG, Bae S, Williams OD, Farmer R, Centor RM. Relationship of hospital teaching status with quality of care and mortality for Medicare patients with acute MI. JAMA. 2000 Sep 13; 284(10):1256-62.
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        152. Ashton CM, Bozkurt B, Colucci WB, Kiefe CI, Mann DL, Massie BM, Slawsky MT, Tierney WM, West JA, Whellan DJ, Wray NP. Veterans Affairs Quality Enhancement Research Initiative in chronic heart failure. Med Care. 2000 Jun; 38(6 Suppl 1):I26-37.
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        154. Canto JG, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Fincher C, Farmer R, Sekar P, Person S, Weissman NW. Relation of race and sex to the use of reperfusion therapy in Medicare beneficiaries with acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 2000 Apr 13; 342(15):1094-100.
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        158. Holman WL, Peterson ED, Athanasuleas CL, Allman RM, Sansom M, Kiefe C, Sherrill RG. Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting Cooperative Project: baseline data. Alabama CABG Cooperative Project Study Group. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Nov; 68(5):1592-8.
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        162. Kiefe C. Predicting rehospitalization after bypass surgery: can we do it? Should we care? Med Care. 1999 Jul; 37(7):621-4.
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        163. May DS, Kiefe CI, Funkhouser E, Fouad MN. Compliance with mammography guidelines: physician recommendation and patient adherence. Prev Med. 1999 Apr; 28(4):386-94.
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        166. Kiefe CI, Heudebert G, Box JB, Farmer RM, Michael M, Clancy CM. Compliance with post-hospitalization follow-up visits: rationing by inconvenience? Ethn Dis. 1999; 9(3):387-95.
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        175. Markovitz JH, Kulkarni K, Goldschmidt-Clermont P, Kiefe CI, Rustagi P, Sekar P, Nanda N. Increased platelet activation and fibrinogen in Asian Indians. Potential implications for coronary risk. Eur Heart J. 1998 May; 19(5):720-6.
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        180. Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Centor RM, Box JB, Farmer RM. Racial differences in the medical treatment of elderly Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Dec; 11(12):736-43.
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        184. Greenlund KJ, Liu K, Dyer AR, Kiefe CI, Burke GL, Yunis C. Body mass index in young adults: Associations with parental body size and education in the CARDIA Study. Am J Public Health. 1996 Apr; 86(4):480-5.
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        196. Kiefe C, Arem R. Radionuclide thyroid studies: analysis of use and correlation with physical findings. South Med J. 1989 Feb; 82(2):201-5.
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