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Susanne Muehlschlegel MD, MPH

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
DepartmentNeurology
Phone508-856-2527
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
    DepartmentAnesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine

    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
    DepartmentNeurology

    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
    DepartmentSurgery


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    Collapse education and training
    Hohe Landesschule Hanau, Hanau, , GermanyBAChemistry/ English
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United StatesMPHPublic Health/ Clinical Effect
    Phillipps University of Marburg, Marburg, GermanyDr. med.11/2002Molecular Oncology
    Philipp University of Marburg, Marburg, , GermanyMDMedicine
    University of Florida, Gainesville, FLResidency06/2006Neurology
    MassGeneral Hospital/Brigham Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA06/2008Neurocritical Care and Vascular Neurology
    Collapse awards and honors
    1995 - 2002Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes (German National Merit) Scholarship , Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes
    2004Neuroscience Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2005Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2006Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2006Alpha Omega Alpha (Staff Member), University of Florida College of Medicine
    2009Clinical Excellence Award “Organ Donation”, University of Massachusetts
    2010Clinical Excellence Award “Acute Stroke Team Member”, University of Massachusetts
    2011Clinical Excellence Award “Organ Donation”, University of Massachusetts
    2011 - 2012Faculty Scholar Award (awarded to women faculty at UMASS Medical School for outstanding research), University of Massachusetts Medical School
    2012 - 2014Councilor, CCEN Section, AAN
    2013Presidential Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Neurocritical Care, Neurocritical Care Society
    2013 - 2017Board of Directors, 1st term, Neurocritical Care Society
    2014 - 2016Executive Committee Member, Critical Care and Emergency Neurology (CCEN) Section AAN
    2014 - 2015Executive Committee Member, Neurocritical Care Society
    2014Fellow of Neurocritical Care Society (FNCS), Neurocritical Care Society
    2016Fellow of Critical Care Medicine (FCCM), American College of Critical Care Medicine
    2017 - 2019Presidential Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Neurocritical Care, Neurocritical Care Society
    2018 - 2019"Women Leading in Neurology", selected participant (1 of 12 participants, out of >80 applicants), American Academy of Neurology
    2019Fellow of American Academy of Neurology (FAAN), American Academy of Neurology
    2019 - 2023Board of Directors (2nd term), Neurocritical Care Society
    2020Nominee, Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Mentoring, University of Massachusetts Medical School

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    Collapse overview

    Dr. Muehlschlegel is an Associate Professor of Neurology, Anesthesiology and Surgery and practices as a clinician and investigator in Neurocritical Care. She completed clinical training in neurology, vascular neurology and neurocritical care, and is triple board certified in these subspecialties. She has obtained additional research training through the completion of the Harvard School of Public Health Summer Program for Clinical Effectiveness and Masters of Public Health Program, with a focus in Clinical Effectiveness. She is a clinician-scientist, and her goal and vision is to improve the clinical care and the outcomes of critically ill patients (and their families) with neurological emergencies through evidence based medicine and cutting edge research. Dr. Muehlschlegel's clinical research laboratory engages in NIH and industry-funded research in collaboration with national and international teams to achieve this ultimate goal. Her research program focuses on outcome prognostication and shared decision making in patients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), large acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage. https://umassmed.edu/nccresearch

     

    Dr. Muehlschlegel's passion is to mentor trainees (UMMS medical students, residents, fellows, visiting research scholars) and junior faculty to promote curiosity and scientific rigor, and share her love for neurocritical care and academic medicine. She actively promotes women in STEM and Neurocritical Care.

     

    From 2018 - 2020 she served as the Co-Director, and since 2020 as the Director of the UMMS Junior Faculty Development Program (JFDP) sponsored by the Office of Faculty Affairs, a national model of junior faculty development. https://www.umassmed.edu/ofa/development/JFDP/



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    Clinical research opportunities are available for medical and PhD students, residents and junior faculty upon request. We are currently not hiring paid research staff. We cannot accept basic scientists. Please read up on our research first before applying. 




    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Muehlschlegel S, Hwang DY, Flahive J, Quinn T, Lee C, Moskowitz J, Goostrey K, Jones K, Pach JJ, Knies AK, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Mazor KM. Goals-of-care decision aid for critically ill patients with TBI: Development and feasibility testing. Neurology. 2020 Jun 17. PMID: 32554766.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ditch KL, Flahive JM, West AM, Osgood ML, Muehlschlegel S. Hyperchloremia, not Concomitant Hypernatremia, Independently Predicts Early Mortality in Critically Ill Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. Neurocrit Care. 2020 Feb 10. PMID: 32043263.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Muehlschlegel S. Ready or Not (To Apply)? Autoregulatory Dysfunction Indices and Lesion Progression in Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurocrit Care. 2019 Dec 16. PMID: 31845171.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Silver B, Hamid T, Khan M, DiNapoli M, Behrouz R, Saposnik G, Sarafin JA, Martin S, Moonis M, Henninger N, Goddeau R, Jun-O'Connell A, Cutting SM, Saad A, Yaghi S, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Osgood M, Thompson BB, Fehnel CR, Wendell LC, Potter NS, Gilchrist JM, Barton B. 12 versus 24 h bed rest after acute ischemic stroke thrombolysis: a preliminary experience. J Neurol Sci. 2019 Dec 05; 409:116618. PMID: 31837536.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Wartenberg KE, Hwang DY, Haeusler KG, Muehlschlegel S, Sakowitz OW, Madžar D, Hamer HM, Rabinstein AA, Greer DM, Hemphill JC, Meixensberger J, Varelas PN. Correction to: Gap Analysis Regarding Prognostication in Neurocritical Care: A Joint Statement from the German Neurocritical Care Society and the Neurocritical Care Society. Neurocrit Care. 2019 Aug 21. PMID: 31435836.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Gibbons PW, Goldberg RJ, Muehlschlegel S. A pilot study evaluating a simple cardiac dysfunction score to predict complications and survival among critically-ill patients with traumatic brain injury. J Crit Care. 2019 Aug 08; 54:130-135. PMID: 31446230.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Wartenberg KE, Hwang DY, Häusler KG, Muehlschlegel S, Sakowitz OW, Madžar D, Hamer HM, Rabinstein AA, Greer DM, Hemphill JC, Meixensberger J, Varelas PN. Gap Analysis Regarding Prognostication in Neurocritical Care: A Joint Statement from the German Neurocritical Care Society and the Neurocritical Care Society. Neurocrit Care. 2019 Jul 31. PMID: 31368059.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Hutchinson PJ, Kolias AG, Tajsic T, Adeleye A, Aklilu AT, Apriawan T, Bajamal AH, Barthélemy EJ, Devi BI, Bhat D, Bulters D, Chesnut R, Citerio G, Cooper DJ, Czosnyka M, Edem I, El-Ghandour NMF, Figaji A, Fountas KN, Gallagher C, Hawryluk GWJ, Iaccarino C, Joseph M, Khan T, Laeke T, Levchenko O, Liu B, Liu W, Maas A, Manley GT, Manson P, Mazzeo AT, Menon DK, Michael DB, Muehlschlegel S, Okonkwo DO, Park KB, Rosenfeld JV, Rosseau G, Rubiano AM, Shabani HK, Stocchetti N, Timmons SD, Timofeev I, Uff C, Ullman JS, Valadka A, Waran V, Wells A, Wilson MH, Servadei F. Consensus statement from the International Consensus Meeting on the Role of Decompressive Craniectomy in the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury : Consensus statement. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 May 28. PMID: 31134383.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Damani R, Mayer S, Dhar R, Martin RH, Nyquist P, Olson DM, Mejia-Mantilla JH, Muehlschlegel S, Jauch EC, Mocco J, Mutoh T, Suarez JI. Common Data Element for Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Recommendations from Assessments and Clinical Examination Workgroup/Subcommittee. Neurocrit Care. 2019 May 14. PMID: 31090013.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Mikati AG, Flahive J, Khan MW, Vedantam A, Gopinath S, Nordness MF, Robertson C, Patel MB, Sheth KN, Muehlschlegel S. Multicenter Validation of the Survival After Acute Civilian Penetrating Brain Injuries (SPIN) Score. Neurosurgery. 2019 May 07. PMID: 31065707.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Miller MM, Lowe J, Khan M, Azeem MU, Muehlschlegel S, Jun-O'Connell AH, Goddeau RP, Moonis M, Gritters D, Silver B, Henninger N. Clinical and Radiological Characteristics of Vitamin K Versus Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulation-Related Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2019 Jan 28. PMID: 30690686.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Ghasemi M, Azeem MU, Muehlschlegel S, Chu F, Henninger N. Prescription patterns for routine EEG ordering in patients with intracranial hemorrhage admitted to a neurointensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2019 Jan 11; 50:262-268. PMID: 30660914.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Muehlschlegel S. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2018 Dec; 24(6):1623-1657. PMID: 30516599.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Khan MW, Muehlschlegel S. Shared Decision Making in Neurocritical Care. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2018 Apr; 29(2):315-321. PMID: 29502720.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Moskowitz J, Quinn T, Khan MW, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Col N, Mazor KM, Muehlschlegel S. Should We Use the IMPACT-Model for the Outcome Prognostication of TBI Patients? A Qualitative Study Assessing Physicians' Perceptions. MDM Policy Pract. 2018 Jan-Jun; 3(1):2381468318757987. PMID: 30288437.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Henninger N, Compton RA, Khan MW, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. "Don't lose hope early": Hemorrhagic diffuse axonal injury on head computed tomography is not associated with poor outcome in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Mar; 84(3):473-482. PMID: 29140952.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Humble SS, Wilson LD, Wang L, Long DA, Smith MA, Siktberg JC, Mirhoseini MF, Bhatia A, Pruthi S, Day MA, Muehlschlegel S, Patel MB. Prognosis of Diffuse Axonal Injury with Traumatic Brain Injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Feb 17. PMID: 29462087.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Khan MW, Muehlschlegel S. Shared Decision Making in Neurocritical Care. Neurol Clin. 2017 Nov; 35(4):825-834. PMID: 28962816.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Quinn T, Moskowitz J, Khan MW, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Col N, Mazor KM, Muehlschlegel S. What Families Need and Physicians Deliver: Contrasting Communication Preferences Between Surrogate Decision-Makers and Physicians During Outcome Prognostication in Critically Ill TBI Patients. Neurocrit Care. 2017 Oct; 27(2):154-162. PMID: 28685395.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Osgood M, Muehlschlegel S. POINT: Should Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration Always Be the Preferred Mode of Renal Replacement Therapy for the Patient With Acute Brain Injury? Yes. Chest. 2017 12; 152(6):1109-1111. PMID: 28911910.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Osgood M, Muehlschlegel S. Rebuttal From Drs Osgood and Muehlschlegel. Chest. 2017 12; 152(6):1114-1115. PMID: 28911912.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Marehbian J, Muehlschlegel S, Edlow BL, Hinson HE, Hwang DY. Medical Management of the Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Patient. Neurocrit Care. 2017 Jun 01. PMID: 28573388.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Cheng K, Bassil R, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. The Estimated Verbal GCS Subscore in Intubated Traumatic Brain Injury Patients-Is it Really Better? J Neurotrauma. 2016 Dec 02. PMID: 27774844.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Muehlschlegel S, Ayturk D, Ahlawat A, Izzy S, Scalea TM, Stein DM, Emhoff T, Sheth KN. Predicting survival after acute civilian penetrating brain injuries: The SPIN score. Neurology. 2016 Nov 22; 87(21):2244-2253. PMID: 27784772.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ahlawat A, Carandang R, Heard SO, Muehlschlegel S. The Modified Apnea Test During Brain Death Determination: An Alternative in Patients With Hypoxia. J Intensive Care Med. 2016 Jan; 31(1):66-9. PMID: 26574562.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Cai X, Robinson J, Muehlschlegel S, White DB, Holloway RG, Sheth KN, Fraenkel L, Hwang DY. Patient Preferences and Surrogate Decision Making in Neuroscience Intensive Care Units. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Aug; 23(1):131-41. PMID: 25990137.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Muehlschlegel S, Shutter L, Col N, Goldberg R. Decision Aids and Shared Decision-Making in Neurocritical Care: An Unmet Need in Our NeuroICUs. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Aug; 23(1):127-30. PMID: 25561435.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Osgood M, Compton R, Carandang R, Hall W, Kershaw G, Muehlschlegel S. Rapid unexpected brain herniation in association with renal replacement therapy in acute brain injury: caution in the neurocritical care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Apr; 22(2):176-83. PMID: 25228117.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Henninger N, Izzy S, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. Severe leukoaraiosis portends a poor outcome after traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Dec; 21(3):483-95. PMID: 24752459.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Hall W, Kini N, Izzy S, Garland B, Ouillette C, van der Bom IM, Flood TF, Gounis MJ, Weaver JP, Barton B, Wakhloo AK. Dantrolene for cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage: a randomised double blind placebo-controlled safety trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2015 Sep; 86(9):1029-35. PMID: 25344064.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Izzy S, Muehlschlegel S. Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2014 Jan; 16(1):278. PMID: 24347030.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Izzy S, Compton R, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. Self-fulfilling prophecies through withdrawal of care: do they exist in traumatic brain injury, too? Neurocrit Care. 2013 Dec; 19(3):347-63. PMID: 24132565.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Muehlschlegel S, Kursun O, Topcuoglu MA, Fok J, Singhal AB. Differentiating reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with subarachnoid hemorrhage from other causes of subarachnoid hemorrhage. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Oct; 70(10):1254-60. PMID: 23939614.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Ouillette C, Hall W, Anderson F, Goldberg R. Frequency and impact of intensive care unit complications on moderate-severe traumatic brain injury: early results of the Outcome Prognostication in Traumatic Brain Injury (OPTIMISM) Study. Neurocrit Care. 2013 Jun; 18(3):318-31. PMID: 23377884.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Tisdell J, Smith TW, Muehlschlegel S. Multiple septic brain emboli in infectious endocarditis. Arch Neurol. 2012 Sep; 69(9):1206-7. PMID: 22964915.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Rivera-Lara L, Zhang J, Muehlschlegel S. Therapeutic hypothermia for acute neurological injuries. Neurotherapeutics. 2012 Jan; 9(1):73-86. PMID: 22173727.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Muehlschlegel S, Rordorf G, Sims J. Effects of a single dose of dantrolene in patients with cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective pilot study. Stroke. 2011 May; 42(5):1301-6. PMID: 21454813.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Muehlschlegel S, Selb J, Patel M, Diamond SG, Franceschini MA, Sorensen AG, Boas DA, Schwamm LH. Feasibility of NIRS in the neurointensive care unit: a pilot study in stroke using physiological oscillations. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 11(2):288-95. PMID: 19649749.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Muehlschlegel S, Voetsch B, Sorond FA. Emergent epidural blood patch: lifesaving treatment of paradoxical herniation. Arch Neurol. 2009 May; 66(5):670-1. PMID: 19433672.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Muehlschlegel S, Sims JR. Dantrolene: mechanisms of neuroprotection and possible clinical applications in the neurointensive care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):103-15. PMID: 18696266.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Muehlschlegel S, Rordorf G, Bodock M, Sims JR. Dantrolene mediates vasorelaxation in cerebral vasoconstriction: a case series. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):116-21. PMID: 18696267.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Muehlschlegel S, Goddeau RP, Sims JR. Teaching NeuroImage: Cerebral T-waves from an aneurysmal cardunculus compression. Neurology. 2008 Feb 12; 70(7):e28-9. PMID: 18268239.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Muehlschlegel S, Voetsch B, Singhal AB. CT angiography and CT perfusion in post-CEA hyperperfusion syndrome. Neurology. 2007 Apr 24; 68(17):1437. PMID: 17452594.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Muehlschlegel S, Dunser MW, Gabrielli A, Wenzel V, Layon AJ. Arginine vasopressin as a supplementary vasopressor in refractory hypertensive, hypervolemic, hemodilutional therapy in subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2007; 6(1):3-10. PMID: 17356185.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Muehlschlegel S, Lobato EB. Con: all cardiac surgical patients should not have intraoperative cerebral oxygenation monitoring. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006 Aug; 20(4):613-5. PMID: 16884999.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Muehlschlegel S, Okun MS, Foote KD, Coco D, Yachnis AT, Fernandez HH. Paraneoplastic chorea with leukoencephalopathy presenting with obsessive-compulsive and behavioral disorder. Mov Disord. 2005 Nov; 20(11):1523-7. PMID: 16037914.
      View in: PubMed
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