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Susanne Muehlschlegel MD, MPH

InstitutionUMass Chan Medical School
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    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine
    DepartmentAnesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine

    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine

    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Hohe Landesschule Hanau, Hanau, , GermanyBAChemistry/ English
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United StatesMPHPublic Health/ Clinical Effect
    Phillipps University of Marburg, Marburg, GermanyDr. med.11/2002Molecular Oncology
    Philipp University of Marburg, Marburg, , GermanyMDMedicine
    University of Florida, Gainesville, FLResidency06/2006Neurology
    MassGeneral Hospital/Brigham Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA06/2008Neurocritical Care and Vascular Neurology
    Collapse awards and honors
    1995 - 2002Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes (German National Merit) Scholarship , Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes
    2004Neuroscience Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2005Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2006Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida
    2006Alpha Omega Alpha (Staff Member), University of Florida College of Medicine
    2009Clinical Excellence Award “Organ Donation”, University of Massachusetts
    2010Clinical Excellence Award “Acute Stroke Team Member”, University of Massachusetts
    2011Clinical Excellence Award “Organ Donation”, University of Massachusetts
    2011 - 2012Faculty Scholar Award (awarded to women faculty at UMASS Medical School for outstanding research), University of Massachusetts Medical School
    2012 - 2014Councilor, CCEN Section, AAN
    2013Presidential Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Neurocritical Care, Neurocritical Care Society
    2013 - 2017Board of Directors, 1st term, Neurocritical Care Society
    2014 - 2016Executive Committee Member, Critical Care and Emergency Neurology (CCEN) Section AAN
    2014 - 2015Executive Committee Member, Neurocritical Care Society
    2014Fellow of Neurocritical Care Society (FNCS), Neurocritical Care Society
    2016Fellow of Critical Care Medicine (FCCM), American College of Critical Care Medicine
    2017 - 2019Presidential Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Neurocritical Care, Neurocritical Care Society
    2018 - 2019"Women Leading in Neurology", selected participant (1 of 12 participants, out of >80 applicants), American Academy of Neurology
    2019Fellow of American Academy of Neurology (FAAN), American Academy of Neurology
    2019 - 2023Board of Directors (2nd term), Neurocritical Care Society
    2020Nominee, Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Mentoring, University of Massachusetts Medical School

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Summary
    Dr. Muehlschlegel is a neurointensivist devoted to improving the care of patients with catastrophic neurological injuries. Her research interests concentrate on outcome prognostication in neurocritical care, particularly in moderate-severe traumatic brain injury. She is the principal investigator for several research studies at the UMASS Neuro-Intensive care unit (NeuroICU).
    Collapse overview

    Dr. Muehlschlegel is an Associate Professor of Neurology, Anesthesiology and Surgery and practices as a clinician and investigator in Neurocritical Care. She completed clinical training in neurology, vascular neurology and neurocritical care, and is triple board certified in these subspecialties. She has obtained additional research training through the completion of the Harvard School of Public Health Summer Program for Clinical Effectiveness and Masters of Public Health Program, with a focus in Clinical Effectiveness. She is a clinician-scientist, and her goal and vision is to improve the clinical care and the outcomes of critically ill patients (and their families) with neurological emergencies through evidence based medicine and cutting edge research. Dr. Muehlschlegel's clinical research laboratory engages in NIH and industry-funded research in collaboration with national and international teams to achieve this ultimate goal. Her research program focuses on outcome prognostication and shared decision making in patients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), large acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage. https://umassmed.edu/nccresearch


    Dr. Muehlschlegel's passion is to mentor trainees (UMMS medical students, residents, fellows, visiting research scholars) and junior faculty to promote curiosity and scientific rigor, and share her love for neurocritical care and academic medicine. She actively promotes women in STEM and Neurocritical Care.


    From 2018 - 2020 she served as the Co-Director, and since 2020 as the Director of the UMMS Junior Faculty Development Program (JFDP) sponsored by the Office of Faculty Affairs, a national model of junior faculty development. https://www.umassmed.edu/ofa/development/JFDP/

    Collapse Rotation Projects

    Clinical research opportunities are available for medical and PhD students, residents and junior faculty upon request. We are currently not hiring paid research staff. We cannot accept basic scientists. Please read up on our research first before applying. 

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Muehlschlegel S, Goostrey K, Flahive J, Zhang Q, Pach JJ, Hwang DY. A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial of a Goals-of-Care Decision Aid for Surrogates of Severe Acute Brain Injury Patients. Neurology. 2022 Jul 19. PMID: 35853748.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Mee H, Castano Leon A, Timofeev I, Adeleye A, Devi I, Marklund N, Muehlschlegel S, Bond K, Clement C, Grieve K, Owen N, Whiting G, Turner C, Rubiano A, Shukla D, Paul M, Allanson J, Pomeroy V, Viaroli E, Warburton E, Wells A, Hawryluk G, Helmy A, Anwar F, Honeybul S, Hutchinson P, Kolias A. Study Protocol: Core Outcome Set for cranioplasty following stroke or TBI 'COAST Study'. JMIR Res Protoc. 2022 Jun 27. PMID: 35759752.
    3. Steinberg A, Hudoba C, Hwang DY, Kramer NM, Mehta AK, Muehlschlegel S, Jones CA, Besbris J. Top Ten Tips Palliative Care Clinicians Should Know About Disorders of Consciousness: A Focus on Traumatic and Anoxic Brain Injury. J Palliat Med. 2022 May 30. PMID: 35639356.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    4. Goostrey K, Muehlschlegel S. Prognostication and shared decision making in neurocritical care. BMJ. 2022 04 07; 377:e060154. PMID: 35696329.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Muehlschlegel S, Perman SM, Elmer J, Haggins A, Teixeira Bailey ND, Huang J, Jansky L, Kirchner J, Kasperek-Wynn R, Lipman PD, Yeatts SD, Fetters MD, Dickert NW, Silbergleit R. The Experiences and Needs of Families of Comatose Patients After Cardiac Arrest and Severe Neurotrauma: The Perspectives of National Key Stakeholders During a National Institutes of Health-Funded Workshop. Crit Care Explor. 2022 Mar; 4(3):e0648. PMID: 35265851.
    6. Ge C, Goss AL, Crawford S, Goostrey K, Buddadhumaruk P, Shields AM, Hough CL, Lo B, Carson SS, Steingrub J, White DB, Muehlschlegel S. Variability of Prognostic Communication in Critically Ill Neurologic Patients: A Pilot Multicenter Mixed-Methods Study. Crit Care Explor. 2022 Feb; 4(2):e0640. PMID: 35224505.
    7. Muehlschlegel S. When Doctors and Families Disagree in the Neurologic Intensive Care Unit-Misunderstandings and Optimistic Beliefs. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 10 01; 4(10):e2129079. PMID: 34673969.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Rouanet C, Chaddad F, Freitas F, Miranda M, Vasconcellos N, Valiente R, Muehlschlegel S, Silva GS. Kinetics of cerebral blood flow velocities during treatment for delayed cerebral ischemia in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2022 02; 36(1):226-239. PMID: 34286467.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Claassen J, Akbari Y, Alexander S, Bader MK, Bell K, Bleck TP, Boly M, Brown J, Chou SH, Diringer MN, Edlow BL, Foreman B, Giacino JT, Gosseries O, Green T, Greer DM, Hanley DF, Hartings JA, Helbok R, Hemphill JC, Hinson HE, Hirsch K, Human T, James ML, Ko N, Kondziella D, Livesay S, Madden LK, Mainali S, Mayer SA, McCredie V, McNett MM, Meyfroidt G, Monti MM, Muehlschlegel S, Murthy S, Nyquist P, Olson DM, Provencio JJ, Rosenthal E, Sampaio Silva G, Sarasso S, Schiff ND, Sharshar T, Shutter L, Stevens RD, Vespa P, Videtta W, Wagner A, Ziai W, Whyte J, Zink E, Suarez JI. Proceedings of the First Curing Coma Campaign NIH Symposium: Challenging the Future of Research for Coma and Disorders of Consciousness. Neurocrit Care. 2021 07; 35(Suppl 1):4-23. PMID: 34236619.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Jones K, Quinn T, Mazor KM, Muehlschlegel S. Prognostic Uncertainty in Critically Ill Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multicenter Qualitative Study. Neurocrit Care. 2021 10; 35(2):311-321. PMID: 34080083.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Goostrey KJ, Lee C, Jones K, Quinn T, Moskowitz J, Pach JJ, Knies AK, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Mazor KM, Hwang DY, Muehlschlegel S. Adapting a Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-of-Care Decision Aid for Critically Ill Patients to Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke. Crit Care Explor. 2021 Mar; 3(3):e0357. PMID: 33786434.
    12. Mainali S, Moheet AM, McCredie VA, Livesay S, Manners J, Rhoney DH, Muehlschlegel S. The Neurocritical Care Society Gender Parity Analysis in Grants and Recognition Awards. Neurocrit Care. 2021 10; 35(2):358-366. PMID: 33442813.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Moheet AM, Mainali S, McCredie VA, Livesay S, Manners J, Rhoney DH, Muehlschlegel S. A Longitudinal Study of Gender Parity Trends of General Membership and Leadership in the Neurocritical Care Society between 2002 and 2019. Neurocrit Care. 2021 08; 35(1):16-23. PMID: 33108626.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Ditch KL, Flahive JM, West AM, Osgood ML, Muehlschlegel S. Hyperchloremia, not Concomitant Hypernatremia, Independently Predicts Early Mortality in Critically Ill Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. Neurocrit Care. 2020 10; 33(2):533-541. PMID: 32043263.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Muehlschlegel S, Hwang DY, Flahive J, Quinn T, Lee C, Moskowitz J, Goostrey K, Jones K, Pach JJ, Knies AK, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Mazor KM. Goals-of-care decision aid for critically ill patients with TBI: Development and feasibility testing. Neurology. 2020 07 14; 95(2):e179-e193. PMID: 32554766.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Muehlschlegel S. Ready or Not (To Apply)? Autoregulatory Dysfunction Indices and Lesion Progression in Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurocrit Care. 2020 04; 32(2):359-360. PMID: 31845171.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Silver B, Hamid T, Khan M, Di Napoli M, Behrouz R, Saposnik G, Sarafin JA, Martin S, Moonis M, Henninger N, Goddeau R, Jun-O'Connell A, Cutting SM, Saad A, Yaghi S, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Osgood M, Thompson BB, Fehnel CR, Wendell LC, Potter NS, Gilchrist JM, Barton B. 12 versus 24 h bed rest after acute ischemic stroke thrombolysis: a preliminary experience. J Neurol Sci. 2020 Feb 15; 409:116618. PMID: 31837536.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Wartenberg KE, Hwang DY, Haeusler KG, Muehlschlegel S, Sakowitz OW, Madžar D, Hamer HM, Rabinstein AA, Greer DM, Hemphill JC, Meixensberger J, Varelas PN. Correction to: Gap Analysis Regarding Prognostication in Neurocritical Care: A Joint Statement from the German Neurocritical Care Society and the Neurocritical Care Society. Neurocrit Care. 2019 Dec; 31(3):596. PMID: 31435836.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    19. Mikati AG, Flahive J, Khan MW, Vedantam A, Gopinath S, Nordness MF, Robertson C, Patel MB, Sheth KN, Muehlschlegel S. Multicenter Validation of the Survival After Acute Civilian Penetrating Brain Injuries (SPIN) Score. Neurosurgery. 2019 11 01; 85(5):E872-E879. PMID: 31065707.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Wartenberg KE, Hwang DY, Haeusler KG, Muehlschlegel S, Sakowitz OW, Madžar D, Hamer HM, Rabinstein AA, Greer DM, Hemphill JC, Meixensberger J, Varelas PN. Gap Analysis Regarding Prognostication in Neurocritical Care: A Joint Statement from the German Neurocritical Care Society and the Neurocritical Care Society. Neurocrit Care. 2019 10; 31(2):231-244. PMID: 31368059.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Gibbons PW, Goldberg RJ, Muehlschlegel S. A pilot study evaluating a simple cardiac dysfunction score to predict complications and survival among critically-ill patients with traumatic brain injury. J Crit Care. 2019 12; 54:130-135. PMID: 31446230.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Miller MM, Lowe J, Khan M, Azeem MU, Muehlschlegel S, Jun-O'Connell AH, Goddeau RP, Moonis M, Gritters D, Silver B, Henninger N. Clinical and Radiological Characteristics of Vitamin K Versus Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulation-Related Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2019 08; 31(1):56-65. PMID: 30690686.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Damani R, Mayer S, Dhar R, Martin RH, Nyquist P, Olson DM, Mejia-Mantilla JH, Muehlschlegel S, Jauch EC, Mocco J, Mutoh T, Suarez JI. Common Data Element for Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Recommendations from Assessments and Clinical Examination Workgroup/Subcommittee. Neurocrit Care. 2019 06; 30(Suppl 1):28-35. PMID: 31090013.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Hutchinson PJ, Kolias AG, Tajsic T, Adeleye A, Aklilu AT, Apriawan T, Bajamal AH, Barthélemy EJ, Devi BI, Bhat D, Bulters D, Chesnut R, Citerio G, Cooper DJ, Czosnyka M, Edem I, El-Ghandour NMF, Figaji A, Fountas KN, Gallagher C, Hawryluk GWJ, Iaccarino C, Joseph M, Khan T, Laeke T, Levchenko O, Liu B, Liu W, Maas A, Manley GT, Manson P, Mazzeo AT, Menon DK, Michael DB, Muehlschlegel S, Okonkwo DO, Park KB, Rosenfeld JV, Rosseau G, Rubiano AM, Shabani HK, Stocchetti N, Timmons SD, Timofeev I, Uff C, Ullman JS, Valadka A, Waran V, Wells A, Wilson MH, Servadei F. Consensus statement from the International Consensus Meeting on the Role of Decompressive Craniectomy in the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury : Consensus statement. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 07; 161(7):1261-1274. PMID: 31134383.
      Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Ghasemi M, Azeem MU, Muehlschlegel S, Chu F, Henninger N. Prescription patterns for routine EEG ordering in patients with intracranial hemorrhage admitted to a neurointensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2019 04; 50:262-268. PMID: 30660914.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Muehlschlegel S. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2018 Dec; 24(6):1623-1657. PMID: 30516599.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    27. Humble SS, Wilson LD, Wang L, Long DA, Smith MA, Siktberg JC, Mirhoseini MF, Bhatia A, Pruthi S, Day MA, Muehlschlegel S, Patel MB. Prognosis of diffuse axonal injury with traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 07; 85(1):155-159. PMID: 29462087.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Khan MW, Muehlschlegel S. Shared Decision Making in Neurocritical Care. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2018 Apr; 29(2):315-321. PMID: 29502720.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Moskowitz J, Quinn T, Khan MW, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Col N, Mazor KM, Muehlschlegel S. Should We Use the IMPACT-Model for the Outcome Prognostication of TBI Patients? A Qualitative Study Assessing Physicians' Perceptions. MDM Policy Pract. 2018 Jan-Jun; 3(1):2381468318757987. PMID: 30288437.
    30. Henninger N, Compton RA, Khan MW, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. "Don't lose hope early": Hemorrhagic diffuse axonal injury on head computed tomography is not associated with poor outcome in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 03; 84(3):473-482. PMID: 29140952.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Marehbian J, Muehlschlegel S, Edlow BL, Hinson HE, Hwang DY. Medical Management of the Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Patient. Neurocrit Care. 2017 Dec; 27(3):430-446. PMID: 28573388.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Khan MW, Muehlschlegel S. Shared Decision Making in Neurocritical Care. Neurol Clin. 2017 Nov; 35(4):825-834. PMID: 28962816.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Quinn T, Moskowitz J, Khan MW, Shutter L, Goldberg R, Col N, Mazor KM, Muehlschlegel S. What Families Need and Physicians Deliver: Contrasting Communication Preferences Between Surrogate Decision-Makers and Physicians During Outcome Prognostication in Critically Ill TBI Patients. Neurocrit Care. 2017 Oct; 27(2):154-162. PMID: 28685395.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Osgood M, Muehlschlegel S. POINT: Should Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration Always Be the Preferred Mode of Renal Replacement Therapy for the Patient With Acute Brain Injury? Yes. Chest. 2017 12; 152(6):1109-1111. PMID: 28911910.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Osgood M, Muehlschlegel S. Rebuttal From Drs Osgood and Muehlschlegel. Chest. 2017 12; 152(6):1114-1115. PMID: 28911912.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Cheng K, Bassil R, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. The Estimated Verbal GCS Subscore in Intubated Traumatic Brain Injury Patients: Is it Really Better? J Neurotrauma. 2017 04 15; 34(8):1603-1609. PMID: 27774844.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Muehlschlegel S, Ayturk D, Ahlawat A, Izzy S, Scalea TM, Stein DM, Emhoff T, Sheth KN. Predicting survival after acute civilian penetrating brain injuries: The SPIN score. Neurology. 2016 Nov 22; 87(21):2244-2253. PMID: 27784772.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Ahlawat A, Carandang R, Heard SO, Muehlschlegel S. The Modified Apnea Test During Brain Death Determination: An Alternative in Patients With Hypoxia. J Intensive Care Med. 2016 Jan; 31(1):66-9. PMID: 26574562.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Cai X, Robinson J, Muehlschlegel S, White DB, Holloway RG, Sheth KN, Fraenkel L, Hwang DY. Patient Preferences and Surrogate Decision Making in Neuroscience Intensive Care Units. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Aug; 23(1):131-41. PMID: 25990137.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Muehlschlegel S, Shutter L, Col N, Goldberg R. Decision Aids and Shared Decision-Making in Neurocritical Care: An Unmet Need in Our NeuroICUs. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Aug; 23(1):127-30. PMID: 25561435.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Osgood M, Compton R, Carandang R, Hall W, Kershaw G, Muehlschlegel S. Rapid unexpected brain herniation in association with renal replacement therapy in acute brain injury: caution in the neurocritical care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Apr; 22(2):176-83. PMID: 25228117.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Henninger N, Izzy S, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. Severe leukoaraiosis portends a poor outcome after traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care. 2014 Dec; 21(3):483-95. PMID: 24752459.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Hall W, Kini N, Izzy S, Garland B, Ouillette C, van der Bom IM, Flood TF, Gounis MJ, Weaver JP, Barton B, Wakhloo AK. Dantrolene for cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage: a randomised double blind placebo-controlled safety trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2015 Sep; 86(9):1029-35. PMID: 25344064.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Izzy S, Muehlschlegel S. Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2014 Jan; 16(1):278. PMID: 24347030.
    45. Izzy S, Compton R, Carandang R, Hall W, Muehlschlegel S. Self-fulfilling prophecies through withdrawal of care: do they exist in traumatic brain injury, too? Neurocrit Care. 2013 Dec; 19(3):347-63. PMID: 24132565.
      Citations: 41     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Muehlschlegel S, Kursun O, Topcuoglu MA, Fok J, Singhal AB. Differentiating reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with subarachnoid hemorrhage from other causes of subarachnoid hemorrhage. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Oct; 70(10):1254-60. PMID: 23939614.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Muehlschlegel S, Carandang R, Ouillette C, Hall W, Anderson F, Goldberg R. Frequency and impact of intensive care unit complications on moderate-severe traumatic brain injury: early results of the Outcome Prognostication in Traumatic Brain Injury (OPTIMISM) Study. Neurocrit Care. 2013 Jun; 18(3):318-31. PMID: 23377884.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Tisdell J, Smith TW, Muehlschlegel S. Multiple septic brain emboli in infectious endocarditis. Arch Neurol. 2012 Sep; 69(9):1206-7. PMID: 22964915.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Rivera-Lara L, Zhang J, Muehlschlegel S. Therapeutic hypothermia for acute neurological injuries. Neurotherapeutics. 2012 Jan; 9(1):73-86. PMID: 22173727.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Muehlschlegel S, Rordorf G, Sims J. Effects of a single dose of dantrolene in patients with cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective pilot study. Stroke. 2011 May; 42(5):1301-6. PMID: 21454813.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    51. Muehlschlegel S, Selb J, Patel M, Diamond SG, Franceschini MA, Sorensen AG, Boas DA, Schwamm LH. Feasibility of NIRS in the neurointensive care unit: a pilot study in stroke using physiological oscillations. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 11(2):288-95. PMID: 19649749.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Muehlschlegel S, Voetsch B, Sorond FA. Emergent epidural blood patch: lifesaving treatment of paradoxical herniation. Arch Neurol. 2009 May; 66(5):670-1. PMID: 19433672.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Muehlschlegel S, Sims JR. Dantrolene: mechanisms of neuroprotection and possible clinical applications in the neurointensive care unit. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):103-15. PMID: 18696266.
      Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Muehlschlegel S, Rordorf G, Bodock M, Sims JR. Dantrolene mediates vasorelaxation in cerebral vasoconstriction: a case series. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):116-21. PMID: 18696267.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Muehlschlegel S, Goddeau RP, Sims JR. Teaching NeuroImage: Cerebral T-waves from an aneurysmal cardunculus compression. Neurology. 2008 Feb 12; 70(7):e28-9. PMID: 18268239.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Muehlschlegel S, Voetsch B, Singhal AB. CT angiography and CT perfusion in post-CEA hyperperfusion syndrome. Neurology. 2007 Apr 24; 68(17):1437. PMID: 17452594.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Muehlschlegel S, Dunser MW, Gabrielli A, Wenzel V, Layon AJ. Arginine vasopressin as a supplementary vasopressor in refractory hypertensive, hypervolemic, hemodilutional therapy in subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2007; 6(1):3-10. PMID: 17356185.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    58. Muehlschlegel S, Lobato EB. Con: all cardiac surgical patients should not have intraoperative cerebral oxygenation monitoring. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006 Aug; 20(4):613-5. PMID: 16884999.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Muehlschlegel S, Okun MS, Foote KD, Coco D, Yachnis AT, Fernandez HH. Paraneoplastic chorea with leukoencephalopathy presenting with obsessive-compulsive and behavioral disorder. Mov Disord. 2005 Nov; 20(11):1523-7. PMID: 16037914.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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