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Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks MD, MA, FRCPsych

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
AddressWorcester Recovery Center & Hospital
309 Belmont Street
Worcester MA 01604
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    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine

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    Collapse education and training
    University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United StatesBABiology
    University of Oxford, Oxford, , United KingdomB AZoology
    University of Oxford, Oxford, , United KingdomMAZoology
    University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, United StatesMD

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    Dr. Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks is a cross-cultural psychiatrist with a background in medical anthropology whose research interests include sociocultural and epidemiological aspects of war, domestic violence, depression, immigration, and human rights. Her primary research focus is to combine public health, anthropological, psychiatric, and human rights perspectives to address the effects of violence and public health emergencies on vulnerable populations. Dr. Hicks trained as an undergraduate at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, (BA, Biology with Honors) and then on a scholarship at the University of Oxford, England (BA, MA, Zoology). After completing her medical training (MD, University of Louisville School of Medicine), she did a medical internship and psychiatric residency at Brown University. She became an NIMH-supported Research Fellow in Clinically Relevant Medical and Psychiatric Anthropology in the Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, followed by faculty positions in the department as an Instructor and then a Lecturer. After moving to the United Kingdom in1997, she worked in community mental health as a Consultant Psychiatrist in the National Health Service and was an Honorary Lecturer in the Department of Health Service and Population Research at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London. She returned to the United States in 2012, where she is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and a Staff Psychiatrist at Worcester Recovery Center and Hospital. Her activities have included speaking on the mental health effects of immigration detention on children and asylum seekers at United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) events; contributing to the Royal College of Psychiatrists’ position statement on physician-assisted suicide; speaking on physician-assisted suicide at the House of Lords; and advising on domestic violence guidelines for the Royal College of Psychiatrists. She is a Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists and a Distinguished Fellow of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020, Dr. Hicks initiated a proposal for a state psychiatric hospital COVID-19 unit at Worcester Recovery Center and Hospital, which became the Massachusetts DMH statewide COVID-19 unit. She was a volunteer attending psychiatrist on the COVID-19 unit and has contributed to unit and hospital protocols to mitigate the risk for COVID-19 transmission in Massachusetts state psychiatric hospitals.

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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Hicks MH, Mohsin M, Silove D, Fisher J, Moussa B, Steel Z, Nancarrow H, Nadar N, Klein L, Hasoun F, Yousif M, Khalil B, Krishna Y, Rees SJ. Attitudes towards gender roles and prevalence of intimate partner violence perpetrated against pregnant and postnatal women: Differences between women immigrants from conflict-affected countries and women born in Australia. PLoS One. 2021; 16(7):e0255105. PMID: 34329321.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Hamza MK, Hicks MH. Implementation of mental health services in conflict and post-conflict zones: Lessons from Syria. Avicenna J Med. 2021 Jan-Mar; 11(1):8-14. PMID: 33520783.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Hicks MH. Results of new FDA rules on antibiotic use in US food-producing animals. J Public Health (Oxf.). 2019; 42(4):e573–e574.
    4. Hicks, MH. Physician-Assisted Suicide: There Are No Best Practices. Psychiatric Times. 2019.
    5. Rodriguez-Llanes JM, Guha-Sapir D, Schlüter BS, Hicks MH. Epidemiological findings of major chemical attacks in the Syrian war are consistent with civilian targeting: a short report. Confl Health. 2018; 12:16. PMID: 29686727.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Guha-Sapir D, Schlüter B, Rodriguez-Llanes JM, Lillywhite L, Hicks MH. Patterns of civilian and child deaths due to war-related violence in Syria: a comparative analysis from the Violation Documentation Center dataset, 2011-16. Lancet Glob Health. 2018 01; 6(1):e103-e110. PMID: 29226821.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Guha-Sapir D, Rodriguez-Llanes JM, Hicks MH, Donneau AF, Coutts A, Lillywhite L, Fouad FM. Civilian deaths from weapons used in the Syrian conflict. BMJ. 2015; 351:h4736. PMID: 26419494.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Hicks MH. Epidemiology of mental health in conflict-affected populations. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 May; 2(5):e249-50. PMID: 25103157.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Sloboda JA, Dardagan H, Spagat M, Hicks MH. Civilian Casualties and Strategic Peacebuilding. Seybolt T, Fischhoff B, & Aronson J (Eds). Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies series, Strategies of Peace. Iraq Body Count: a case study in the uses of incident-based conflict casualty data. 2013; 53-75.
    10. Al-Obaidi AK, Nelson BD, Al Badawi G, Hicks MH, Guarino AJ. Child mental health and service needs in Iraq: beliefs and attitudes of primary school teachers. Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2013 Sep; 18(3):171-179. PMID: 32847249.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bhui KS, Hicks MH, Lashley M, Jones E. A public health approach to understanding and preventing violent radicalization. BMC Med. 2012 Feb 14; 10:16. PMID: 22332998.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hicks MH, Lee UR, Sundberg R, Spagat M. Global comparison of warring groups in 2002-2007: fatalities from targeting civilians vs. fighting battles. PLoS One. 2011; 6(9):e23976. PMID: 21915272.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Bagnall PM, Spagat M, Sloboda JA. Casualties in civilians and coalition soldiers from suicide bombings in Iraq, 2003-10: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2011 Sep 3; 378(9794):906-14. PMID: 21890055.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Hicks MH. ''What are you?'' A recurring question in a cross-cultural psychiatrist's life and career. Transcult Psychiatry. 2011 Apr; 48(1-2):37-52. PMID: 21511845.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Hicks MH. Mental health screening and coordination of care for soldiers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Am J Psychiatry. 2011 Apr; 168(4):341-3. PMID: 21474591.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Guerrero Serdán G, Bagnall PM, Sloboda JA, Spagat M. Violent deaths of Iraqi civilians, 2003-2008: analysis by perpetrator, weapon, time, and location. PLoS Med. 2011; 8(2):e1000415. PMID: 21358813.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Li Z, Hicks MH. The CES-D in Chinese American women: construct validity, diagnostic validity for major depression, and cultural response bias. Psychiatry Res. 2010 Feb 28; 175(3):227-32. PMID: 20006386.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Guerrero Serdán G, Bagnall PM, Sloboda JA, Spagat M. The weapons that kill civilians--deaths of children and noncombatants in Iraq, 2003-2008. N Engl J Med. 2009 Apr 16; 360(16):1585-8. PMID: 19369663.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Cameron E, Spagat M, Hicks MH. . Tracking civilian casualties in combat zones using Civilian Battle Damage Assessment Ratios. British Army Review,. 2009; 147:87-93. .
    20. Hicks MH, Spagat M. The dirty war index: a public health and human rights tool for examining and monitoring armed conflict outcomes. PLoS Med. 2008 Dec 16; 5(12):e243. PMID: 19099319.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Rubio-Stipec M, Canino I, Hicks MH, Tsuang M. Handbook of Psychiatric Measures. Rush AJ, First MB & Blacker D (Eds). Ethnic, cultural, & socioeconomic factors influencing the selection, use and interpretation of measures. 2008; 23-32.
    22. Hicks MH. Mortality in Iraq. Lancet. 2007 Jan 13; 369(9556):101-2; author reply 103-4. PMID: 17223463.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Hicks MH. The prevalence and characteristics of intimate partner violence in a community study of Chinese American women. J Interpers Violence. 2006 Oct; 21(10):1249-69. PMID: 16940395.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Hicks MH. Physician-assisted suicide: a review of the literature concerning practical and clinical implications for UK doctors. BMC Fam Pract. 2006 Jun 22; 7:39. PMID: 16792812.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Hicks, MH. Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: Were valid and ethical field methods used in this survey?. HiCN Research Design Note 3. Households in Conflict Network. 2006.
    26. Bhugra D, Hicks MH. Effect of an educational pamphlet on help-seeking attitudes for depression among British South Asian women. Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Jul; 55(7):827-9. PMID: 15232026.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Hicks MH, Li Z. Partner violence and major depression in women: a community study of Chinese Americans. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2003 Nov; 191(11):722-9. PMID: 14614339.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Hicks MH, Bhugra D. Perceived causes of suicide attempts by U.K. South Asian women. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2003 Oct; 73(4):455-62. PMID: 14609407.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Hicks MH. Validity of the CIDI Probe Flow Chart for depression in Chinese American women. Transcultural Psychiatry. 2002; 29(4):434-451.
    30. Hicks MH, Lam MS. . Decision-making within the social course of dementia: accounts by Chinese American caregivers. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry. 1999; 23(4):415-452..
    31. Hicks MH, Kleinman A, Yang L. . The social course of schizophrenia: local and societal factors. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. 1998; 14(7):432-447..
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