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Leora Beth Balsam MD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
DepartmentSurgery
AddressUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester MA 01655
Phone508-334-2577
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
    DepartmentSurgery


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United StatesBABiology
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United StatesMD

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Murray CR, Balsam LB. Commentary: Outliers-Salvage operations and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Feb 27. PMID: 30926197.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Commentary: Staying in the zone during aortic arch replacement. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Feb 18. PMID: 30885622.
      View in: PubMed
    3. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Commentary: Extending into zone 0 with a little help. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Jan 23. PMID: 30770114.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Dazed and malperfused: Predicting outcomes after acute type A aortic dissection repair. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Nov 23. PMID: 30630609.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Balsam LB. Psoas muscle area: a new standard for frailty assessment in cardiac surgery? J Thorac Dis. 2018 Nov; 10(Suppl 33):S3846-S3849. PMID: 30631495.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Balsam LB. True, true, or unrelated? Fluoroquinolones and aortic disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Oct 06. PMID: 30414764.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Blanding WM, Balsam LB. Is the ratio of pulmonary artery to aortic diameter akin to heart failure's hemoglobin A1c? J Heart Lung Transplant. 2018 Sep 12. PMID: 30352780.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Balsam LB. Endothelial progenitor cells to the rescue? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Aug 31. PMID: 30269973.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Blanding WM, Balsam LB. Proximal aortic surgery in the elderly: Is age just a number? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jun 04. PMID: 29958660.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Zhou E, Parikh PS, Kanchuger MS, Balsam LB. Intraoperative Anaphylaxis to Chlorhexidine During LVAD and Transplant Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Apr 25. PMID: 29859756.
      View in: PubMed
    11. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Another crack at the porcelain aorta. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Apr 16. PMID: 29753510.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Reoperation after acute type A dissection: Is less more? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Mar 29. PMID: 29685582.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Balsam LB. The genetics of bicuspid aortic valve disease: Shall we take it down a NOTCH? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Mar 02. PMID: 29572020.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Balsam LB, Mallidi HR. Good hearts for bad kidneys? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Apr; 155(4):1605-1606. PMID: 29397156.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Schubmehl HB, Saric M, Vainrib AF, Williams M, Balsam LB. Rapid Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve Failure after Temporary Left Ventricular Assist Device Support. Heart Surg Forum. 2017 12 12; 20(6):E256-E257. PMID: 29272224.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Two roads diverged in the right ventricular outflow tract. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 04; 155(4):1445-1446. PMID: 29397969.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Jacoby A, Stranix JT, Cohen O, Louie E, Balsam LB, Levine JP. Flap coverage for the treatment of exposed left ventricular assist device (LVAD) hardware and intractable LVAD infections. J Card Surg. 2017 Nov; 32(11):732-737. PMID: 29098712.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Balsam LB, Jacoby A, Louie E, Levine JP. Long-Term Success With Driveline Exit Site Relocation for Deep Driveline Infection in Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients. Innovations (Phila). 2017 Nov/Dec; 12(6):440-445. PMID: 29232297.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Under pressure: The right ventricular solution to a pulmonary vascular problem. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Dec; 154(6):2080-2081. PMID: 28967421.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Stein LH, Rubinfeld G, Balsam LB, Ursomanno P, DeAnda A. Too Cold to Clot? Does Intraoperative Hypothermia Contribute to Bleeding After Aortic Surgery? Aorta (Stamford). 2017 Aug; 5(4):106-116. PMID: 29657946.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Balsam LB. More strata and another GATA: Novel roles for GATA4 in postinfarct myocardial repair. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Nov; 154(5):1611-1612. PMID: 28789786.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Balsam LB. Spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury: MicroRNAs and mitophagy at a crossroads. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Nov; 154(5):1509-1510. PMID: 28673704.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Balsam LB. Recapitulating nature's design: Myocardial repair with cell sheet technology. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Sep; 154(3):951-952. PMID: 28629840.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Balsam LB, Louie E, Hill F, Levine J, Phillips MS. Mycobacterium chimaera left ventricular assist device infections. J Card Surg. 2017 Jun; 32(6):402-404. PMID: 28508409.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Tanna MS, Reyentovich A, Balsam LB, Dodson JA, Vainrib AF, Benenstein RJ, Rosenzweig BP, Saric M. Aortic root thrombus complicated by left main coronary artery occlusion visualized by 3D echocardiography in a patient with continuous-flow left ventricular assist device. Echocardiography. 2017 Feb; 34(2):306-310. PMID: 28191682.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Son AY, Stein LH, DeAnda A, Katz SD, Smith DE, Reyentovich A, Balsam LB. Impact of chlorhexidine gluconate intolerance on driveline infection during chronic HeartMate II left ventricular assist device support. Int J Artif Organs. 2017 01 13; 39(11):570-574. PMID: 28085173.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Koeckert M, Vining P, Reyentovich A, Katz SD, DeAnda A, Philipson S, Balsam LB. Caregiver status and outcomes after durable left ventricular assist device implantation. Heart Lung. 2017 Mar - Apr; 46(2):74-78. PMID: 28057337.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Postoperative myocardial infarction after acute type A dissection: Another day, another database? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Mar; 153(3):528-529. PMID: 28012696.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Son AY, Reyentovich A, Pan S, DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Resolution of Intractable Ventricular Tachycardia After Surgical Repositioning of a HeartMate II Inflow Cannula. Innovations (Phila). 2016 Nov/Dec; 11(6):448-450. PMID: 27922524.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. The Mitroflow aortic valve: A past, present, and future illuminated. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Jan; 153(1):40-42. PMID: 27986257.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. The mast cell demystified: A novel target for anti-inflammatory strategies after circulatory arrest? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Jan; 153(1):77-78. PMID: 27449563.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Greenhouse DG, Murphy A, Mignatti P, Zavadil J, Galloway AC, Balsam LB. Mitral valve prolapse is associated with altered extracellular matrix gene expression patterns. Gene. 2016 Jul 15; 586(1):56-61. PMID: 27063507.
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    33. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Rules and tools: The impact of policy and consensus statements on sternal infection. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Oct; 152(4):973-4. PMID: 26952927.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Son AY, Zhao L, Reyentovich A, Deanda A, Balsam LB. Intractable Hematuria After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Can Lessons Learned from Gastrointestinal Bleeding Be Applied? ASAIO J. 2016 Jan-Feb; 62(1):e8-12. PMID: 26461236.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Balsam LB, Reyentovich A, Son AY, DeAnda A. Management of the in situ HeartMate II left ventricular assist device during non-transplant, non-exchange cardiac reoperations. Perfusion. 2016 Sep; 31(6):465-70. PMID: 26701904.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Returning to the bench with adeno-associated virus 1 SERCA2a gene therapy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Apr; 151(4):1200-2. PMID: 26787470.
      View in: PubMed
    37. DeAnda A, Grossi EA, Balsam LB, Moon MR, Barlow CW, Navia DO, Ursomanno P, Ziganshin BA, Rabinovich AE, Elefteriades JA, Smith JA. The Chronobiology of Stanford Type A Aortic Dissections: A Comparison of Northern versus Southern Hemispheres. Aorta (Stamford). 2015 Dec; 3(6):182-6. PMID: 27390746; PMCID: PMC4930866.
    38. Beller JP, Maddalo S, Zamuco R, Axel L, DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Right ventricular undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma: A case report. J Cardiol Cases. 2016 Feb; 13(2):60-62. PMID: 30524557.
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    39. Beller JP, Scheinerman JA, Balsam LB, Ursomanno P, DeAnda A. Operative Strategies and Outcomes in Type A Aortic Dissection After the Enactment of a Multidisciplinary Aortic Surgery Team. Innovations (Phila). 2015 Nov-Dec; 10(6):410-5. PMID: 26680753.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Two roads diverged: Coronary artery bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention for moderately stenosed coronary arteries. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Mar; 151(3):812-814. PMID: 26651957.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Rubinfeld G, Levine JP, Reyentovich A, DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Management of Rapidly Ascending Driveline Tunnel Infection. J Card Surg. 2015 Nov; 30(11):853-5. PMID: 26442620.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Gospel of the guidelines. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Nov; 150(5):1108-10. PMID: 26364064.
      View in: PubMed
    43. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. The patient-centric toolbox. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Nov; 150(5):e67-8. PMID: 26344682.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Bangalore S, Gupta N, Guo Y, Lala A, Balsam L, Roswell RO, Reyentovich A, Hochman JS. The reply. Am J Med. 2015 Aug; 128(8):e25. PMID: 26210462.
      View in: PubMed
    45. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Getting to the (aortic) root of the problem. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jul; 150(1):77-8. PMID: 25896464.
      View in: PubMed
    46. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Richard Hardaway Meade, Jr (1897-1993). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Nov; 150(5):1019-22. PMID: 25863932.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. To screen or not to screen, that is the question. Or is it? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jun; 149(6):1485-6. PMID: 25863935.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Bangalore S, Gupta N, Guo Y, Lala A, Balsam L, Roswell RO, Reyentovich A, Hochman JS. Outcomes with invasive vs conservative management of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. Am J Med. 2015 Jun; 128(6):601-8. PMID: 25554376.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Double the jeopardy: balancing maternal and fetal risk during cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Feb; 149(2):611-2. PMID: 25726884.
      View in: PubMed
    50. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Keith Reemtsma (1925-2000). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Oct; 150(4):762-4. PMID: 25135241.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Tsukashita M, Deanda A, Balsam L. Type A aortic dissection: a rare complication of central venous catheter placement. J Card Surg. 2014 May; 29(3):368-70. PMID: 24433267.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Smith D, Grossi EA, Balsam LB, Ursomanno P, Rabinovich A, Galloway AC, DeAnda A. The Impact of a Blood Conservation Program in Complex Aortic Surgery. Aorta (Stamford). 2013 Sep; 1(4):219-26. PMID: 26798697; PMCID: PMC4682746.
    53. Bietry R, Balsam LB, Saric M, McElhinney DB, Katz S, Deanda A, Reyentovich A. Percutaneous intervention for recurrent aortic insufficiency in a patient with a left ventricular assist device and a centrally oversewn aortic valve. Circ Heart Fail. 2013 Jul; 6(4):e43-4. PMID: 23861507.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Balsam LB, Grossi EA. Surgical ventricular reconstruction has a role in surgical remodeling in patients with LV systolic dysfunction even post-STICH? Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 Mar-Apr; 55(5):481-6. PMID: 23518376.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Smith DE, DeAnda A, Towe CW, Balsam LB. Retroaortic abscess: an unusual complication of a retained epicardial pacing wire. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2013 Feb; 16(2):221-3. PMID: 23152445; PMCID: PMC3548537.
    56. Greenhouse DG, Grossi EA, Dellis S, Park J, Yaffee DW, DeAnda A, Galloway AC, Balsam LB. Assessment of a mitral valve replacement skills trainer: a simplified, low-cost approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 Jan; 145(1):54-9, 59.e1. PMID: 23111016.
      View in: PubMed
    57. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Herbert C. Maier (1908-1993). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Dec; 144(6):1283-4. PMID: 23040319.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Yu PJ, Balsam LB, Mussa FF, DeAnda A. Aberrant left subclavian artery associated with a Kommerell's diverticulum and a left-sided aortic arch. J Card Surg. 2012 Sep; 27(5):607-8. PMID: 22978838.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: James R. Malm. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 Sep; 146(3):501-3. PMID: 22704280.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Wu TP, Zhou F, DeAnda A, Melamed J, Lim RP, Balsam LB. Surgical management of cardiac liposarcomas. J Card Surg. 2012 Mar; 27(2):192-5. PMID: 22458274.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Frank B. Berry (1892-1976). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Aug; 142(2):253-6. PMID: 21763872.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Trocciola SM, Balsam LB, Yee H, Gianos E, Srichai MB, DeAnda A. Ectopic liver: an unexpected finding in a right atrial mass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Aug; 92(2):715-8. PMID: 21801926.
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    63. DeAnda A, Balsam LB. Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Adrian V. S. Lambert (1872-1952). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jun; 141(6):1344-5. PMID: 21596172.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Greenhouse DG, Hackett K, Kahn P, Balsam LB, Galloway AC. Giant coronary artery aneurysm in a patient with Behçet's disease. J Card Surg. 2011 May; 26(3):268-70. PMID: 21443731.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Trocciola SM, Yee H, Balsam LB, Gianos E, DeAnda A. Cardiac varix presenting as a right atrial mass. J Card Surg. 2011 Mar; 26(2):164-5. PMID: 21299621.
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    66. Solomon B, Bizekis C, Dellis SL, Donington JS, Oliker A, Balsam LB, Zervos M, Galloway AC, Pass H, Grossi EA. Simulating video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: a virtual reality cognitive task simulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jan; 141(1):249-55. PMID: 21168026.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Balsam LB, DeAnda A. Calcified noncoronary sinus of valsalva aneurysm. J Card Surg. 2010 Nov; 25(6):700-1. PMID: 20796085.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Balsam LB, Grossi EA, Greenhouse DG, Ursomanno P, Deanda A, Ribakove GH, Culliford AT, Galloway AC. Reoperative valve surgery in the elderly: predictors of risk and long-term survival. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Oct; 90(4):1195-200; discussion 1201. PMID: 20868814.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Horng GS, Ashley E, Balsam L, Reitz B, Zamanian RT. Progressive Dyspnea After CABG: Complication of Retained Epicardial Pacing Wires. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Oct; 86(4):1352-4. PMID: 18805194.
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    70. Balsam LB, Timek TA, Pelletier MP. Factor eight inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) for refractory bleeding in cardiac surgery: review of clinical outcomes. J Card Surg. 2008 Nov-Dec; 23(6):614-21. PMID: 18793226.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Balsam LB, Robbins RC. Haematopoietic stem cells and repair of the ischaemic heart. Clin Sci (Lond). 2005 Dec; 109(6):483-92. PMID: 16287425.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Tanaka M, Mokhtari GK, Terry RD, Gunawan F, Balsam LB, Hoyt G, Lee KH, Tsao PS, Robbins RC. Prolonged cold ischemia in rat cardiac allografts promotes ischemia-reperfusion injury and the development of graft coronary artery disease in a linear fashion. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Nov; 24(11):1906-14. PMID: 16297799.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Balsam LB, Mokhtari GK, Jones S, Peterson S, Hoyt EG, Kofidis T, Tanaka M, Cooke DT, Robbins RC. Early inhibition of caspase-3 activity lessens the development of graft coronary artery disease. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Jul; 24(7):827-32. PMID: 15982609.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Tanaka M, Zwierzchoniewska M, Mokhtari GK, Terry RD, Balsam LB, Robbins RC, Fedoseyeva EV. Progression of alloresponse and tissue-specific immunity during graft coronary artery disease. Am J Transplant. 2005 Jun; 5(6):1286-96. PMID: 15888032.
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    75. Balsam LB, Kofidis T, Robbins RC. Caspase-3 inhibition preserves myocardial geometry and long-term function after infarction. J Surg Res. 2005 Apr; 124(2):194-200. PMID: 15820248.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Tanaka M, Mokhtari GK, Balsam LB, Cooke DT, Kofidis T, Zwierzchonievska M, Robbins RC. Cyclosporine mitigates graft coronary artery disease in murine cardiac allografts: description and validation of a novel fully allogeneic model. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Apr; 24(4):446-53. PMID: 15797747.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Murata S, Miniati DN, Kown MH, Koransky ML, Lijkwan MA, Balsam LB, Robbins RC. Superoxide dismutase mimetic m40401 reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury and graft coronary artery disease in rodent cardiac allografts. Transplantation. 2004 Oct 27; 78(8):1166-71. PMID: 15502714.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Tanaka M, Mokhtari GK, Terry RD, Balsam LB, Lee KH, Kofidis T, Tsao PS, Robbins RC. Overexpression of human copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) suppresses ischemia-reperfusion injury and subsequent development of graft coronary artery disease in murine cardiac grafts. Circulation. 2004 Sep 14; 110(11 Suppl 1):II200-6. PMID: 15364863.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Tanaka M, Nakae S, Terry RD, Mokhtari GK, Gunawan F, Balsam LB, Kaneda H, Kofidis T, Tsao PS, Robbins RC. Cardiomyocyte-specific Bcl-2 overexpression attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury, immune response during acute rejection, and graft coronary artery disease. Blood. 2004 Dec 01; 104(12):3789-96. PMID: 15280201.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Murata S, Sundell CL, Lijkwan MA, Balsam LB, Hammainen P, Coleman C, York C, Luchoomun J, Suen KL, Howard R, Somers PK, Morris RE, Robbins RC. Effects of AGI-1096, a novel antioxidant compound with anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative properties, on rodent allograft arteriosclerosis. Transplantation. 2004 May 27; 77(10):1494-500. PMID: 15239610.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Fearon WF, Aarnoudse W, Pijls NH, De Bruyne B, Balsam LB, Cooke DT, Robbins RC, Fitzgerald PJ, Yeung AC, Yock PG. Microvascular resistance is not influenced by epicardial coronary artery stenosis severity: experimental validation. Circulation. 2004 May 18; 109(19):2269-72. PMID: 15136503.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Balsam LB, Wagers AJ, Christensen JL, Kofidis T, Weissman IL, Robbins RC. Haematopoietic stem cells adopt mature haematopoietic fates in ischaemic myocardium. Nature. 2004 Apr 08; 428(6983):668-73. PMID: 15034594.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Kofidis T, Balsam L, de Bruin J, Robbins RC. Distinct cell-to-fiber junctions are critical for the establishment of cardiotypical phenotype in a 3D bioartificial environment. Med Eng Phys. 2004 Mar; 26(2):157-63. PMID: 15036183.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Kofidis T, de Bruin JL, Yamane T, Balsam LB, Lebl DR, Swijnenburg RJ, Tanaka M, Weissman IL, Robbins RC. Insulin-like growth factor promotes engraftment, differentiation, and functional improvement after transfer of embryonic stem cells for myocardial restoration. Stem Cells. 2004; 22(7):1239-45. PMID: 15579642.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Kofidis T, Balsam LB, Robbins RC. A few critical aspects--and Achilles heels--of tissue engineering approaches to restore injured myocardium. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec; 126(6):2113-4; author reply 2114-6. PMID: 14688751.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Fearon WF, Farouque HM, Balsam LB, Caffarelli AD, Cooke DT, Robbins RC, Fitzgerald PJ, Yeung AC, Yock PG. Comparison of coronary thermodilution and Doppler velocity for assessing coronary flow reserve. Circulation. 2003 Nov 04; 108(18):2198-200. PMID: 14568891.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Kofidis T, Strüber M, Warnecke G, Sommer S, Leyh RG, Balsam LB, Robbins RC, Haverich A. Antegrade versus retrograde perfusion of the donor lung: impact on the early reperfusion phase. Transpl Int. 2003 Nov; 16(11):801-5. PMID: 12856115.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Murata S, Miniati DN, Kown MH, Koransky ML, Balsam LB, Lijkwan MA, Martens JM, Robbins RC. Elevated cyclic adenosine monophosphate ameliorates ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat cardiac allografts. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2003 Jul; 22(7):802-9. PMID: 12873549.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Fearon WF, Balsam LB, Farouque HM, Caffarelli AD, Robbins RC, Fitzgerald PJ, Yock PG, Yeung AC. Novel index for invasively assessing the coronary microcirculation. Circulation. 2003 Jul 01; 107(25):3129-32. PMID: 12821539.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Balsam LB, Miniati DN, Robbins RC. Antisense oligonucleotides: design, construction, and applications to cardiac allograft transfer. Methods Mol Biol. 2003; 219:129-33. PMID: 12597003.
      View in: PubMed
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