"Superantigens" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
Microbial antigens that have in common an extremely potent activating effect on T-cells that bear a specific variable region. Superantigens cross-link the variable region with class II MHC proteins regardless of the peptide binding in the T-cell receptor's pocket. The result is a transient expansion and subsequent death and anergy of the T-cells with the appropriate variable regions.
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Superantigens".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Superantigens".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Superantigens" by people in Profiles.
Tilahun ME, Kwan A, Natarajan K, Quinn M, Tilahun AY, Xie C, Margulies DH, Osborne BA, Goldsby RA, Rajagopalan G. Chimeric anti-staphylococcal enterotoxin B antibodies and lovastatin act synergistically to provide in vivo protection against lethal doses of SEB. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e27203.
Laouini D, Kawamoto S, Yalcindag A, Bryce P, Mizoguchi E, Oettgen H, Geha RS. Epicutaneous sensitization with superantigen induces allergic skin inflammation. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Nov; 112(5):981-7.
Riese RJ, Shi GP, Villadangos J, Stetson D, Driessen C, Lennon-Dumenil AM, Chu CL, Naumov Y, Behar SM, Ploegh H, Locksley R, Chapman HA. Regulation of CD1 function and NK1.1(+) T cell selection and maturation by cathepsin S. Immunity. 2001 Dec; 15(6):909-19.
Cauley LS, Miller EE, Yen M, Swain SL. Superantigen-induced CD4 T cell tolerance mediated by myeloid cells and IFN-gamma. J Immunol. 2000 Dec 01; 165(11):6056-66.
Cauley LS, Cauley KA, Shub F, Huston G, Swain SL. Transferable anergy: superantigen treatment induces CD4+ T cell tolerance that is reversible and requires CD4-CD8- cells and interferon gamma. J Exp Med. 1997 Jul 07; 186(1):71-81.
Saha B, Jaklic B, Harlan DM, Gray GS, June CH, Abe R. Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1-induced death is prevented by CTLA4Ig. J Immunol. 1996 Nov 01; 157(9):3869-75.
Saha B, Harlan DM, Lee KP, June CH, Abe R. Protection against lethal toxic shock by targeted disruption of the CD28 gene. J Exp Med. 1996 Jun 01; 183(6):2675-80.
Szabo G, Mandrekar P, Catalano D. Inhibition of superantigen-induced T cell proliferation and monocyte IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 production by acute ethanol treatment. J Leukoc Biol. 1995 Sep; 58(3):342-50.
Calnan BJ, Szychowski S, Chan FK, Cado D, Winoto A. A role for the orphan steroid receptor Nur77 in apoptosis accompanying antigen-induced negative selection. Immunity. 1995 Sep; 3(3):273-82.
Behar SM, Porcelli SA. Mechanisms of autoimmune disease induction. The role of the immune response to microbial pathogens. Arthritis Rheum. 1995 Apr; 38(4):458-76.