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Eric S Huseby PhD

InstitutionUMass Chan Medical School
AddressUMass Chan Medical School
55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester MA 01655
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine
    DivisionBasic Pathology

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentImmunology and Microbiology Program

    InstitutionMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentInterdisciplinary Graduate Program

    Collapse Biography 
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    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United StatesBSChemical Engineering
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United StatesPHDImmunology

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    Eric S. Huseby received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering (1992) and Ph.D. in Immunology (2000) from the University of Washington. He was a Howard Hughes Medical Institute post doctoral fellow at the National Jewish Medical Center. He joined the Department of Pathology at the University of Massachusetts as a faculty member in September of 2006 and is a 2007 Arnold and Mabel Beckman Young Investigator and a 2008 Searle Scholar.

    Development of T cell tolerance of self and the autoimmune consequence of when it fails.

    Dr. Eric Huseby

    My lab is focused on the molecular and cellular pathways that govern the generation, maintenance and function of a self tolerant T cell repertoire and the autoimmune consequences of when self tolerance fails. To understand how T cell repertoires develop and how defects in the process lead to autoimmune disease, we are studying three major aspects of T cell function.

    1) How does the specificity of the TCR for MHC + peptides (pMHC) effect T cell development and drive T cell function?

    The ability of T cells to distinguish highly similar peptide ligands bound to a specific class of MHC proteins (pMHC) is the underlying basis for a functioning adaptive immune system. Failures in purging self-reactive TCRs underlie the predisposition to autoimmune disease. To understand why self-reactive T cells are generated and how they recognize pMHC ligands, we have created a series of analytic methods to probe TCR-pMHC binding. The methods we are generating use high-throughput pMHC display libraries to decipher how T cells interact with their pMHC ligands. These novel display libraries will be used to decipher how positive and negative selection shapes the T cell repertoire and to evaluate how TCR cross-reactivity for pMHC ligands influences which T cells enter an immune response.

    2) How does the affinity and binding kinetics of TCR – pMHC interactions impact mature T cell activation and memory T cell formation?

    Mature T cells undergo rapid differentiation into effector and memory T cells when challenged with high affinity pathogen derived ligands. To study how mature T cells discriminate between different affinity ligands, we have created a series of viruses that express biophysically defined T cell ligands for CD4 T cells. Using these recombinant viruses and corresponding CD4 T cells, we are determining when, where and how T cells determine to enter into the immune response.

    3) Why do some self-reactive T cells escape tolerance induction and when activated, induce autoimmunity?

    Although thymic deletion purges most T cells with reactivity for self proteins, autoimmune diseases clearly demonstrate that T cell tolerance of self is incomplete. Many studies have indicated that everyone harbors T cells reactive to self proteins, however only a fraction of people succumb to autoimmune disease. Thus not all self reactive T cell repertoires are pathogenic. Using a T cell mediated model of the autoimmune disease, we are determining whether there is a T cell intrinsic difference in self-reactive, pathogenic versus non-pathogenic T cell repertoires or whether all self reactive T cell repertoires have the capability to pathogenic and autoimmunity is predominately a reaction to a specific triggering event.

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    Potential rotations

    1. To examine how TCR affinity and specificity for MHC + peptide influences the development and activation of CD4 T cells.

    2. To assess the impact of self tolerance on the specificity, affinity and pathogenic potential of T cells reactive to proteins expressed in the central nervous system and b-islet cells of the pancreas.

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    A postdoctoral position is available
    to study in this laboratory.
    Clickhereto apply.

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Yin R, Melton S, Huseby ES, Kardar M, Chakraborty AK. How persistent infection overcomes peripheral tolerance mechanisms to cause T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024 Mar 12; 121(11):e2318599121. PMID: 38446856.
    2. Jones MC, Castonguay C, Nanaware PP, Weaver GC, Stadinski B, Kugler-Umana OA, Huseby ES, Stern LJ, McKinstry KK, Strutt TM, Devarajan P, Swain SL. CD4 Effector TCR Avidity for Peptide on APC Determines the Level of Memory Generated. J Immunol. 2023 06 15; 210(12):1950-1961. PMID: 37093656.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    3. Stadinski BD, Cleveland SB, Brehm MA, Greiner DL, Huseby PG, Huseby ES. I-Ag7 ?56/57 polymorphisms regulate non-cognate negative selection to CD4+ T cell orchestrators of type 1 diabetes. Nat Immunol. 2023 04; 24(4):652-663. PMID: 36807641.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    4. Huseby ES, Teixeiro E. The perception and response of T cells to a changing environment are based on the law of initial value. Sci Signal. 2022 05 31; 15(736):eabj9842. PMID: 35639856.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    5. Lee D, Huseby ES, Gowthaman U. The curious case of a cryptic Cryptosporidium and a missing dendritic cell subset. Trends Parasitol. 2022 02; 38(2):101-103. PMID: 34953724.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    6. Cleveland SB, Huseby ES. Resolving the Instructions for a? T Cell Development. Immunity. 2020 12 15; 53(6):1126-1128. PMID: 33326761.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    7. Stadinski BD, Huseby ES. How to Prevent yourself from Seeing Double. Cytometry A. 2020 11; 97(11):1102-1104. PMID: 32573091.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    8. Spidale NA, Malhotra N, Frascoli M, Sylvia K, Miu B, Freeman C, Stadinski BD, Huseby E, Kang J. Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal ?d T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis. Elife. 2020 02 17; 9. PMID: 32065580.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    9. Stadinski BD, Blevins SJ, Spidale NA, Duke BR, Huseby PG, Stern LJ, Huseby ES. A temporal thymic selection switch and ligand binding kinetics constrain neonatal Foxp3+ Treg cell development. Nat Immunol. 2019 08; 20(8):1046-1058. PMID: 31209405.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. Rowe JH, Delmonte OM, Keles S, Stadinski BD, Dobbs AK, Henderson LA, Yamazaki Y, Allende LM, Bonilla FA, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Celikbilek Celik S, Guner SN, Kapakli H, Yee C, Pai SY, Huseby ES, Reisli I, Regueiro JR, Notarangelo LD. Patients with CD3G mutations reveal a role for human CD3? in Treg diversity and suppressive function. Blood. 2018 05 24; 131(21):2335-2344. PMID: 29653965.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. Blevins S, Huseby ES. Killer T cells with a beta-flavi(r) for dengue. Nat Immunol. 2017 10 18; 18(11):1186-1188. PMID: 29044243.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Rowe JH, Stadinski BD, Henderson LA, Ott de Bruin L, Delmonte O, Lee YN, de la Morena MT, Goyal RK, Hayward A, Huang CH, Kanariou M, King A, Kuijpers TW, Soh JY, Neven B, Walter JE, Huseby ES, Notarangelo LD. Abnormalities of T-cell receptor repertoire in CD4+ regulatory and conventional T cells in patients with RAG mutations: Implications for autoimmunity. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 12; 140(6):1739-1743.e7. PMID: 28864286.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    13. Wyss L, Stadinski BD, King CG, Schallenberg S, McCarthy NI, Lee JY, Kretschmer K, Terracciano LM, Anderson G, Surh CD, Huseby ES, Palmer E. Affinity for self antigen selects Treg cells with distinct functional properties. Nat Immunol. 2016 09; 17(9):1093-101. PMID: 27478940.
      Citations: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Stadinski BD, Shekhar K, G?mez-Touri?o I, Jung J, Sasaki K, Sewell AK, Peakman M, Chakraborty AK, Huseby ES. Hydrophobic CDR3 residues promote the development of self-reactive T cells. Nat Immunol. 2016 08; 17(8):946-55. PMID: 27348411.
      Citations: 82     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    15. Stadinski BD, Obst R, Huseby ES. A "hotspot" for autoimmune T cells in type 1 diabetes. J Clin Invest. 2016 06 01; 126(6):2040-2. PMID: 27183386.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    16. Huseby ES, Kamimura D, Arima Y, Parello CS, Sasaki K, Murakami M. Role of T cell-glial cell interactions in creating and amplifying central nervous system inflammation and multiple sclerosis disease symptoms. Front Cell Neurosci. 2015; 9:295. PMID: 26300731.
    17. Parello CS, Huseby ES. Indoctrinating T cells to attack pathogens through homeschooling. Trends Immunol. 2015 Jun; 36(6):337-43. PMID: 25979654.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    18. Attaf M, Huseby E, Sewell AK. a? T cell receptors as predictors of health and disease. Cell Mol Immunol. 2015 Jul; 12(4):391-9. PMID: 25619506.
      Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Stepanek O, Prabhakar AS, Osswald C, King CG, Bulek A, Naeher D, Beaufils-Hugot M, Abanto ML, Galati V, Hausmann B, Lang R, Cole DK, Huseby ES, Sewell AK, Chakraborty AK, Palmer E. Coreceptor scanning by the T cell receptor provides a mechanism for T cell tolerance. Cell. 2014 Oct 09; 159(2):333-45. PMID: 25284152.
      Citations: 93     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Keck S, Schmaler M, Ganter S, Wyss L, Oberle S, Huseby ES, Zehn D, King CG. Antigen affinity and antigen dose exert distinct influences on CD4 T-cell differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 14; 111(41):14852-7. PMID: 25267612.
      Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    21. Stadinski BD, Trenh P, Duke B, Huseby PG, Li G, Stern LJ, Huseby ES. Effect of CDR3 sequences and distal V gene residues in regulating TCR-MHC contacts and ligand specificity. J Immunol. 2014 Jun 15; 192(12):6071-82. PMID: 24813203.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Stadinski BD, Huseby ES. Identifying environmental antigens that activate myelin-specific T cells. Trends Immunol. 2014 Jun; 35(6):231-2. PMID: 24820694.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Sasaki K, Bean A, Shah S, Schutten E, Huseby PG, Peters B, Shen ZT, Vanguri V, Liggitt D, Huseby ES. Relapsing-remitting central nervous system autoimmunity mediated by GFAP-specific CD8 T cells. J Immunol. 2014 Apr 01; 192(7):3029-42. PMID: 24591371.
      Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Tubo NJ, Pag?n AJ, Taylor JJ, Nelson RW, Linehan JL, Ertelt JM, Huseby ES, Way SS, Jenkins MK. Single naive CD4+ T cells from a diverse repertoire produce different effector cell types during infection. Cell. 2013 May 09; 153(4):785-96. PMID: 23663778.
      Citations: 260     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. Vanguri V, Govern CC, Smith R, Huseby ES. Viral antigen density and confinement time regulate the reactivity pattern of CD4 T-cell responses to vaccinia virus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 02; 110(1):288-93. PMID: 23248307.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    26. Huseby ES, Stadinski BD, Trenh P, Stern LJ. Response to Garcia et?al. Immunity. 2012 Jun 29; 36(6):889-90. PMID: 22705102.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    27. Huseby ES, Huseby PG, Shah S, Smith R, Stadinski BD. Pathogenic CD8 T cells in multiple sclerosis and its experimental models. Front Immunol. 2012; 3:64. PMID: 22566945.
      Citations: 45     Fields:    
    28. Hsu CJ, Hsieh WT, Waldman A, Clarke F, Huseby ES, Burkhardt JK, Baumgart T. Ligand mobility modulates immunological synapse formation and T cell activation. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e32398. PMID: 22384241.
      Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. Stadinski BD, Trenh P, Smith RL, Bautista B, Huseby PG, Li G, Stern LJ, Huseby ES. A role for differential variable gene pairing in creating T cell receptors specific for unique major histocompatibility ligands. Immunity. 2011 Nov 23; 35(5):694-704. PMID: 22101158.
      Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    30. Yin L, Huseby E, Scott-Browne J, Rubtsova K, Pinilla C, Crawford F, Marrack P, Dai S, Kappler JW. A single T cell receptor bound to major histocompatibility complex class I and class II glycoproteins reveals switchable TCR conformers. Immunity. 2011 Jul 22; 35(1):23-33. PMID: 21683626.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    31. Govern CC, Paczosa MK, Chakraborty AK, Huseby ES. Fast on-rates allow short dwell time ligands to activate T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 May 11; 107(19):8724-9. PMID: 20421471.
      Citations: 80     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Wucherpfennig KW, Gagnon E, Call MJ, Huseby ES, Call ME. Structural biology of the T-cell receptor: insights into receptor assembly, ligand recognition, and initiation of signaling. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2010 Apr; 2(4):a005140. PMID: 20452950.
      Citations: 72     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    33. Kosmrlj A, Jha AK, Huseby ES, Kardar M, Chakraborty AK. How the thymus designs antigen-specific and self-tolerant T cell receptor sequences. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Oct 28; 105(43):16671-6. PMID: 18946038.
      Citations: 65     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    34. Teague RM, Greenberg PD, Fowler C, Huang MZ, Tan X, Morimoto J, Dossett ML, Huseby ES, Ohl?n C. Peripheral CD8+ T cell tolerance to self-proteins is regulated proximally at the T cell receptor. Immunity. 2008 May; 28(5):662-74. PMID: 18424189.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Dai S, Huseby ES, Rubtsova K, Scott-Browne J, Crawford F, Macdonald WA, Marrack P, Kappler JW. Crossreactive T Cells spotlight the germline rules for alphabeta T cell-receptor interactions with MHC molecules. Immunity. 2008 Mar; 28(3):324-34. PMID: 18308592.
      Citations: 105     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    36. Huseby ES, Kappler JW, Marrack P. Thymic selection stifles TCR reactivity with the main chain structure of MHC and forces interactions with the peptide side chains. Mol Immunol. 2008 Feb; 45(3):599-606. PMID: 17920446.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Nishihara M, Ogura H, Ueda N, Tsuruoka M, Kitabayashi C, Tsuji F, Aono H, Ishihara K, Huseby E, Betz UA, Murakami M, Hirano T. IL-6-gp130-STAT3 in T cells directs the development of IL-17+ Th with a minimum effect on that of Treg in the steady state. Int Immunol. 2007 Jun; 19(6):695-702. PMID: 17493959.
      Citations: 105     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    38. Cabbage SE, Huseby ES, Sather BD, Brabb T, Liggitt D, Goverman J. Regulatory T cells maintain long-term tolerance to myelin basic protein by inducing a novel, dynamic state of T cell tolerance. J Immunol. 2007 Jan 15; 178(2):887-96. PMID: 17202350.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Huseby ES, Crawford F, White J, Marrack P, Kappler JW. Interface-disrupting amino acids establish specificity between T cell receptors and complexes of major histocompatibility complex and peptide. Nat Immunol. 2006 Nov; 7(11):1191-9. PMID: 17041605.
      Citations: 65     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    40. Crawford F, Jordan KR, Stadinski B, Wang Y, Huseby E, Marrack P, Slansky JE, Kappler JW. Use of baculovirus MHC/peptide display libraries to characterize T-cell receptor ligands. Immunol Rev. 2006 Apr; 210:156-70. PMID: 16623770.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    41. Huseby ES, White J, Crawford F, Vass T, Becker D, Pinilla C, Marrack P, Kappler JW. How the T cell repertoire becomes peptide and MHC specific. Cell. 2005 Jul 29; 122(2):247-60. PMID: 16051149.
      Citations: 166     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Goverman J, Perchellet A, Huseby ES. The role of CD8(+) T cells in multiple sclerosis and its animal models. Curr Drug Targets Inflamm Allergy. 2005 Apr; 4(2):239-45. PMID: 15853746.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. Huseby E, Kappler J, Marrack P. TCR-MHC/peptide interactions: kissing-cousins or a shotgun wedding? Eur J Immunol. 2004 May; 34(5):1243-50. PMID: 15114657.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    44. Crawford F, Huseby E, White J, Marrack P, Kappler JW. Mimotopes for alloreactive and conventional T cells in a peptide-MHC display library. PLoS Biol. 2004 Apr; 2(4):E90. PMID: 15094798.
      Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    45. Huseby ES, Crawford F, White J, Kappler J, Marrack P. Negative selection imparts peptide specificity to the mature T cell repertoire. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 30; 100(20):11565-70. PMID: 14504410.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    46. Ohl?n C, Kalos M, Cheng LE, Shur AC, Hong DJ, Carson BD, Kokot NC, Lerner CG, Sather BD, Huseby ES, Greenberg PD. CD8(+) T cell tolerance to a tumor-associated antigen is maintained at the level of expansion rather than effector function. J Exp Med. 2002 Jun 03; 195(11):1407-18. PMID: 12045239.
      Citations: 55     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    47. Wagner TE, Huseby ES, Huseby JS. Exacerbation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis enteritis masquerading as Crohn's disease after treatment with a tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor. Am J Med. 2002 Jan; 112(1):67-9. PMID: 11812409.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    48. Huseby ES, Liggitt D, Brabb T, Schnabel B, Ohl?n C, Goverman J. A pathogenic role for myelin-specific CD8(+) T cells in a model for multiple sclerosis. J Exp Med. 2001 Sep 03; 194(5):669-76. PMID: 11535634.
      Citations: 206     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    49. Huseby ES, Sather B, Huseby PG, Goverman J. Age-dependent T cell tolerance and autoimmunity to myelin basic protein. Immunity. 2001 Apr; 14(4):471-81. PMID: 11336692.
      Citations: 43     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. Bernhard H, Huseby ES, Hand SL, Lohmann M, Batten WY, Disis ML, Gralow JR, Meyer zum B?schenfelde KH, Ohl?n C, Cheever MA. Dendritic cells lose ability to present protein antigen after stimulating antigen-specific T cell responses, despite upregulation of MHC class II expression. Immunobiology. 2000 Apr; 201(5):568-82. PMID: 10834314.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. Huseby ES, Goverman J. Tolerating the nervous system: a delicate balance. J Exp Med. 2000 Mar 06; 191(5):757-60. PMID: 10704457.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    52. Huseby ES, Ohl?n C, Goverman J. Cutting edge: myelin basic protein-specific cytotoxic T cell tolerance is maintained in vivo by a single dominant epitope in H-2k mice. J Immunol. 1999 Aug 01; 163(3):1115-8. PMID: 10415003.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Loftus C, Huseby E, Gopaul P, Beeson C, Goverman J. Highly cross-reactive T cell responses to myelin basic protein epitopes reveal a nonpredictable form of TCR degeneracy. J Immunol. 1999 Jun 01; 162(11):6451-7. PMID: 10352259.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    54. Goverman J, Brabb T, Huseby ES, Farr AG. TCR signaling regulates thymic organization: lessons from TCR-transgenic mice. Immunol Today. 1997 May; 18(5):204-8. PMID: 9153949.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    55. Brabb T, Huseby ES, Morgan TM, Sant'Angelo DB, Kirchner J, Farr AG, Goverman J. Thymic stromal organization is regulated by the specificity of T cell receptor/major histocompatibility complex interactions. Eur J Immunol. 1997 Jan; 27(1):136-46. PMID: 9022010.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    56. Disis ML, Bernhard H, Shiota FM, Hand SL, Gralow JR, Huseby ES, Gillis S, Cheever MA. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor: an effective adjuvant for protein and peptide-based vaccines. Blood. 1996 Jul 01; 88(1):202-10. PMID: 8704175.
      Citations: 70     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    57. Takahashi M, Chen W, Byrd DR, Disis ML, Huseby ES, Qin H, McCahill L, Nelson H, Shimada H, Okuno K, et al. Antibody to ras proteins in patients with colon cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 1995 Oct; 1(10):1071-7. PMID: 9815896.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Cheever MA, Disis ML, Bernhard H, Gralow JR, Hand SL, Huseby ES, Qin HL, Takahashi M, Chen W. Immunity to oncogenic proteins. Immunol Rev. 1995 Jun; 145:33-59. PMID: 7590829.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
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