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Eicke Latz MD

TitleAdjunct Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
DepartmentMedicine
AddressUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
364 Plantation Street, LRB
Worcester MA 01605
Phone508-856-5889
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionUMMS - School of Medicine
    DepartmentMedicine
    DivisionInfectious Diseases And Immunology

    InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentImmunology and Virology

    InstitutionUMMS - Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
    DepartmentInterdisciplinary Graduate Program


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Free University of Berlin, Berlin, , GermanyMD

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Krishnan SM, Ling YH, Huuskes BM, Ferens D, Saini N, Chan CT, Diep H, Kett MM, Samuel CS, Kemp-Harper BK, Robertson AAB, Cooper MA, Peter K, Latz E, Mansell A, Sobey CG, Drummond GR, Vinh A. Pharmacological inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome reduces blood pressure, renal damage and dysfunction in salt-sensitive hypertension. Cardiovasc Res. 2018 Oct 24. PMID: 30357309.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Latz E, Duewell P. NLRP3 inflammasome activation in inflammaging. Semin Immunol. 2018 Sep 26. PMID: 30268598.
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    3. Heneka MT, McManus RM, Latz E. Inflammasome signalling in brain function and neurodegenerative disease. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2018 Sep 11. PMID: 30206330.
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    4. Köppert S, Büscher A, Babler A, Ghallab A, Buhl EM, Latz E, Hengstler JG, Smith ER, Jahnen-Dechent W. Cellular Clearance and Biological Activity of Calciprotein Particles Depend on Their Maturation State and Crystallinity. Front Immunol. 2018; 9:1991. PMID: 30233585.
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    5. Tzeng TC, Hasegawa Y, Iguchi R, Cheung A, Caffrey DR, Thatcher EJ, Mao W, Germain G, Tamburro ND, Okabe S, Heneka MT, Latz E, Futai K, Golenbock DT. Inflammasome-derived cytokine IL18 suppresses amyloid-induced seizures in Alzheimer-prone mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Aug 20. PMID: 30127003.
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    6. Mangan MSJ, Olhava EJ, Roush WR, Seidel HM, Glick GD, Latz E. Targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome in inflammatory diseases. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2018 Sep; 17(9):688. PMID: 30116046.
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    7. De Nardo D, Balka KR, Cardona Gloria Y, Rao VR, Latz E, Masters SL. Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) plays a dual role in myddosome formation and Toll-like receptor signaling. J Biol Chem. 2018 Sep 28; 293(39):15195-15207. PMID: 30076215.
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    8. Wolf D, Latz E. ASC specks: a biomarker for myelodysplastic syndromes? Lancet Haematol. 2018 09; 5(9):e379-e380. PMID: 30072145.
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    9. Mangan MSJ, Olhava EJ, Roush WR, Seidel HM, Glick GD, Latz E. Targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome in inflammatory diseases. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2018 Aug; 17(8):588-606. PMID: 30026524.
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    10. Grebe A, Hoss F, Latz E. NLRP3 Inflammasome and the IL-1 Pathway in Atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 2018 Jun 08; 122(12):1722-1740. PMID: 29880500.
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    11. Rolfes V, Idel C, Pries R, Plötze-Martin K, Habermann J, Gemoll T, Bohnet S, Latz E, Ribbat-Idel J, Franklin BS, Wollenberg B. PD-L1 is expressed on human platelets and is affected by immune checkpoint therapy. Oncotarget. 2018 Jun 08; 9(44):27460-27470. PMID: 29937998.
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    12. Pelka K, Bertheloot D, Reimer E, Phulphagar K, Schmidt SV, Christ A, Stahl R, Watson N, Miyake K, Hacohen N, Haas A, Brinkmann MM, Marshak-Rothstein A, Meissner F, Latz E. The Chaperone UNC93B1 Regulates Toll-like Receptor Stability Independently of Endosomal TLR Transport. Immunity. 2018 May 15; 48(5):911-922.e7. PMID: 29768176.
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    13. Schierwagen R, Alvarez-Silva C, Madsen MSA, Kolbe CC, Meyer C, Thomas D, Uschner FE, Magdaleno F, Jansen C, Pohlmann A, Praktiknjo M, Hischebeth GT, Molitor E, Latz E, Lelouvier B, Trebicka J, Arumugam M. Circulating microbiome in blood of different circulatory compartments. Gut. 2018 Mar 26. PMID: 29581241.
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    14. Mangan MS, Latz E. TAK1ng control: TAK1 restrains NLRP3 activation. J Exp Med. 2018 Apr 02; 215(4):1007-1008. PMID: 29507056.
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    15. Hoss F, Latz E. Inhibitory effects of colchicine on inflammasomes. Atherosclerosis. 2018 Jun; 273:153-154. PMID: 29526464.
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    16. Jansen C, Möller P, Meyer C, Kolbe CC, Bogs C, Pohlmann A, Schierwagen R, Praktiknjo M, Abdullah Z, Lehmann J, Thomas D, Strassburg CP, Latz E, Mueller S, Rössle M, Trebicka J. Increase in liver stiffness after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is associated with inflammation and predicts mortality. Hepatology. 2018 Apr; 67(4):1472-1484. PMID: 29059466.
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    17. Ahmad F, Mishra N, Ahrenstorf G, Franklin BS, Latz E, Schmidt RE, Bossaller L. Evidence of inflammasome activation and formation of monocyte-derived ASC specks in HIV-1 positive patients. AIDS. 2018 01 28; 32(3):299-307. PMID: 29135573.
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    18. Christ A, Günther P, Lauterbach MAR, Duewell P, Biswas D, Pelka K, Scholz CJ, Oosting M, Haendler K, Baßler K, Klee K, Schulte-Schrepping J, Ulas T, Moorlag SJCFM, Kumar V, Park MH, Joosten LAB, Groh LA, Riksen NP, Espevik T, Schlitzer A, Li Y, Fitzgerald ML, Netea MG, Schultze JL, Latz E. Western Diet Triggers NLRP3-Dependent Innate Immune Reprogramming. Cell. 2018 Jan 11; 172(1-2):162-175.e14. PMID: 29328911.
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    19. Cardona Gloria Y, Latz E, De Nardo D. Generation of Innate Immune Reporter Cells Using Retroviral Transduction. Methods Mol Biol. 2018; 1714:97-117. PMID: 29177858.
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    20. Franklin BS, Latz E, Schmidt FI. The intra- and extracellular functions of ASC specks. Immunol Rev. 2018 Jan; 281(1):74-87. PMID: 29247990.
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    21. Steinhagen F, Zillinger T, Peukert K, Fox M, Thudium M, Barchet W, Putensen C, Klinman D, Latz E, Bode C. Suppressive oligodeoxynucleotides containing TTAGGG motifs inhibit cGAS activation in human monocytes. Eur J Immunol. 2018 Apr; 48(4):605-611. PMID: 29215161.
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    22. Venegas C, Kumar S, Franklin BS, Dierkes T, Brinkschulte R, Tejera D, Vieira-Saecker A, Schwartz S, Santarelli F, Kummer MP, Griep A, Gelpi E, Beilharz M, Riedel D, Golenbock DT, Geyer M, Walter J, Latz E, Heneka MT. Microglia-derived ASC specks cross-seed amyloid-ß in Alzheimer's disease. Nature. 2017 12 20; 552(7685):355-361. PMID: 29293211.
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    23. Sander J, Schmidt SV, Cirovic B, McGovern N, Papantonopoulou O, Hardt AL, Aschenbrenner AC, Kreer C, Quast T, Xu AM, Schmidleithner LM, Theis H, Thi Huong LD, Sumatoh HRB, Lauterbach MAR, Schulte-Schrepping J, Günther P, Xue J, Baßler K, Ulas T, Klee K, Katzmarski N, Herresthal S, Krebs W, Martin B, Latz E, Händler K, Kraut M, Kolanus W, Beyer M, Falk CS, Wiegmann B, Burgdorf S, Melosh NA, Newell EW, Ginhoux F, Schlitzer A, Schultze JL. Cellular Differentiation of Human Monocytes Is Regulated by Time-Dependent Interleukin-4 Signaling and the Transcriptional Regulator NCOR2. Immunity. 2017 12 19; 47(6):1051-1066.e12. PMID: 29262348.
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    24. Li T, He J, Horvath G, Próchnicki T, Latz E, Takeoka S. Lysine-containing cationic liposomes activate the NLRP3 inflammasome: Effect of a spacer between the head group and the hydrophobic moieties of the lipids. Nanomedicine. 2018 Feb; 14(2):279-288. PMID: 29127038.
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    25. Labzin LI, Heneka MT, Latz E. Innate Immunity and Neurodegeneration. Annu Rev Med. 2018 Jan 29; 69:437-449. PMID: 29106805.
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    26. Scheiblich H, Schlütter A, Golenbock DT, Latz E, Martinez-Martinez P, Heneka MT. Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in microglia: the role of ceramide. J Neurochem. 2017 Dec; 143(5):534-550. PMID: 28940479.
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    27. Civit L, Taghdisi SM, Jonczyk A, Haßel SK, Gröber C, Blank M, Stunden HJ, Beyer M, Schultze J, Latz E, Mayer G. Systematic evaluation of cell-SELEX enriched aptamers binding to breast cancer cells. Biochimie. 2018 Feb; 145:53-62. PMID: 29054799.
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    28. Schmidt FI, Latz E. CD14-New Tricks of an Old Acquaintance. Immunity. 2017 Oct 17; 47(4):606-608. PMID: 29045891.
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    29. Fülle L, Steiner N, Funke M, Gondorf F, Pfeiffer F, Siegl J, Opitz FV, Haßel SK, Erazo AB, Schanz O, Stunden HJ, Blank M, Gröber C, Händler K, Beyer M, Weighardt H, Latz E, Schultze JL, Mayer G, Förster I. RNA Aptamers Recognizing Murine CCL17 Inhibit T Cell Chemotaxis and Reduce Contact Hypersensitivity In Vivo. Mol Ther. 2018 Jan 03; 26(1):95-104. PMID: 29103909.
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    30. Gaidt MM, Ebert TS, Chauhan D, Ramshorn K, Pinci F, Zuber S, O'Duill F, Schmid-Burgk JL, Hoss F, Buhmann R, Wittmann G, Latz E, Subklewe M, Hornung V. The DNA Inflammasome in Human Myeloid Cells Is Initiated by a STING-Cell Death Program Upstream of NLRP3. Cell. 2017 Nov 16; 171(5):1110-1124.e18. PMID: 29033128.
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    31. Hall J, Brault A, Vincent F, Weng S, Wang H, Dumlao D, Aulabaugh A, Aivazian D, Castro D, Chen M, Culp J, Dower K, Gardner J, Hawrylik S, Golenbock D, Hepworth D, Horn M, Jones L, Jones P, Latz E, Li J, Lin LL, Lin W, Lin D, Lovering F, Niljanskul N, Nistler R, Pierce B, Plotnikova O, Schmitt D, Shanker S, Smith J, Snyder W, Subashi T, Trujillo J, Tyminski E, Wang G, Wong J, Lefker B, Dakin L, Leach K. Discovery of PF-06928215 as a high affinity inhibitor of cGAS enabled by a novel fluorescence polarization assay. PLoS One. 2017; 12(9):e0184843. PMID: 28934246.
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    32. Quarta C, Clemmensen C, Zhu Z, Yang B, Joseph SS, Lutter D, Yi CX, Graf E, García-Cáceres C, Legutko B, Fischer K, Brommage R, Zizzari P, Franklin BS, Krueger M, Koch M, Vettorazzi S, Li P, Hofmann SM, Bakhti M, Bastidas-Ponce A, Lickert H, Strom TM, Gailus-Durner V, Bechmann I, Perez-Tilve D, Tuckermann J, Hrabe de Angelis M, Sandoval D, Cota D, Latz E, Seeley RJ, Müller TD, DiMarchi RD, Finan B, Tschöp MH. Molecular Integration of Incretin and Glucocorticoid Action Reverses Immunometabolic Dysfunction and Obesity. Cell Metab. 2017 Oct 03; 26(4):620-632.e6. PMID: 28943448.
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    33. Bakke SS, Aune MH, Niyonzima N, Pilely K, Ryan L, Skjelland M, Garred P, Aukrust P, Halvorsen B, Latz E, Damås JK, Mollnes TE, Espevik T. Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation. J Immunol. 2017 10 15; 199(8):2910-2920. PMID: 28855312.
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    34. Netea MG, Balkwill F, Chonchol M, Cominelli F, Donath MY, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Golenbock D, Gresnigt MS, Heneka MT, Hoffman HM, Hotchkiss R, Joosten LAB, Kastner DL, Korte M, Latz E, Libby P, Mandrup-Poulsen T, Mantovani A, Mills KHG, Nowak KL, O'Neill LA, Pickkers P, van der Poll T, Ridker PM, Schalkwijk J, Schwartz DA, Siegmund B, Steer CJ, Tilg H, van der Meer JWM, van de Veerdonk FL, Dinarello CA. A guiding map for inflammation. Nat Immunol. 2017 Jul 19; 18(8):826-831. PMID: 28722720.
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    35. Próchnicki T, Latz E. Inflammasomes on the Crossroads of Innate Immune Recognition and Metabolic Control. Cell Metab. 2017 Jul 05; 26(1):71-93. PMID: 28683296.
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    36. Stutz A, Kolbe CC, Stahl R, Horvath GL, Franklin BS, van Ray O, Brinkschulte R, Geyer M, Meissner F, Latz E. NLRP3 inflammasome assembly is regulated by phosphorylation of the pyrin domain. J Exp Med. 2017 Jun 05; 214(6):1725-1736. PMID: 28465465.
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    37. Choo MK, Sano Y, Kim C, Yasuda K, Li XD, Lin X, Stenzel-Poore M, Alexopoulou L, Ghosh S, Latz E, Rifkin IR, Chen ZJ, Stewart GC, Chong H, Park JM. TLR sensing of bacterial spore-associated RNA triggers host immune responses with detrimental effects. J Exp Med. 2017 Apr 11. PMID: 28400473.
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    38. Liu X, Pichulik T, Wolz OO, Dang TM, Stutz A, Dillen C, Delmiro Garcia M, Kraus H, Dickhöfer S, Daiber E, Münzenmayer L, Wahl S, Rieber N, Kümmerle-Deschner J, Yazdi A, Franz-Wachtel M, Macek B, Radsak M, Vogel S, Schulte B, Walz JS, Hartl D, Latz E, Stilgenbauer S, Grimbacher B, Miller L, Brunner C, Wolz C, Weber AN. Human NLRP3 inflammasome activity is regulated by and potentially targetable via BTK. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Feb 16. PMID: 28216434.
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    39. Braga TT, Forni MF, Correa-Costa M, Ramos RN, Barbuto JA, Branco P, Castoldi A, Hiyane MI, Davanso MR, Latz E, Franklin BS, Kowaltowski AJ, Camara NO. Soluble Uric Acid Activates the NLRP3 Inflammasome. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 13; 7:39884. PMID: 28084303.
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    40. Ling YH, Krishnan SM, Chan CT, Diep H, Ferens D, Chin-Dusting J, Kemp-Harper BK, Samuel CS, Hewitson TD, Latz E, Mansell A, Sobey CG, Drummond GR. Anakinra reduces blood pressure and renal fibrosis in one kidney/DOCA/salt-induced hypertension. Pharmacol Res. 2016 Dec 13. PMID: 27986554.
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    41. Pinar A, Dowling JK, Bitto NJ, Robertson AA, Latz E, Stewart CR, Drummond GR, Cooper MA, McAuley JL, Tate MD, Mansell A. PB1-F2 Peptide Derived from Avian Influenza A Virus H7N9 Induces Inflammation via Activation of the NLRP3 Inflammasome. J Biol Chem. 2017 Jan 20; 292(3):826-836. PMID: 27913620.
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    42. Alecu I, Tedeschi A, Behler N, Wunderling K, Lamberz C, Lauterbach MA, Gaebler A, Ernst D, Van Veldhoven PP, Al-Amoudi A, Latz E, Othman A, Kuerschner L, Hornemann T, Bradke F, Thiele C, Penno A. Localization of 1-deoxysphingolipids to mitochondria induces mitochondrial dysfunction. J Lipid Res. 2017 Jan; 58(1):42-59. PMID: 27881717.
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    43. Bertheloot D, Naumovski AL, Langhoff P, Horvath GL, Jin T, Xiao TS, Garbi N, Agrawal S, Kolbeck R, Latz E. RAGE Enhances TLR Responses through Binding and Internalization of RNA. J Immunol. 2016 Nov 15; 197(10):4118-4126. PMID: 27798148.
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    44. Hoss F, Rodriguez-Alcazar JF, Latz E. Assembly and regulation of ASC specks. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2016 Oct 19. PMID: 27761594.
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    45. Hoss F, Budden CF, Latz E. IRGB10 Exposes Bacteria's Intimate Secrets. Dev Cell. 2016 Oct 10; 39(1):7-8. PMID: 27728782.
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    46. Pfeiler S, Khandagale AB, Magenau A, Nichols M, Heijnen HF, Rinninger F, Ziegler T, Seveau S, Schubert S, Zahler S, Verschoor A, Latz E, Massberg S, Gaus K, Engelmann B. Distinct surveillance pathway for immunopathology during acute infection via autophagy and SR-BI. Sci Rep. 2016 Oct 03; 6:34440. PMID: 27694929.
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    47. Schierwagen R, Maybüchen L, Hittatiya K, Klein S, Uschner FE, Braga TT, Franklin BS, Nickenig G, Strassburg CP, Plat J, Sauerbruch T, Latz E, Lütjohann D, Zimmer S, Trebicka J. Statins improve NASH via inhibition of RhoA and Ras. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2016 Oct 1; 311(4):G724-G733. PMID: 27634010.
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    48. Montenegro Raudales JL, Yoshimura A, Sm Z, Kaneko T, Ozaki Y, Ukai T, Miyazaki T, Latz E, Hara Y. Dental Calculus Stimulates Interleukin-1ß Secretion by Activating NLRP3 Inflammasome in Human and Mouse Phagocytes. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0162865. PMID: 27632566.
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    49. von Kolontaj K, Horvath GL, Latz E, Büscher M. Automated nanoscale flow cytometry for assessing protein-protein interactions. Cytometry A. 2016 Sep; 89(9):835-43. PMID: 27584593.
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    50. Bertheloot D, Latz E. HMGB1, IL-1a, IL-33 and S100 proteins: dual-function alarmins. Cell Mol Immunol. 2017 Jan; 14(1):43-64. PMID: 27569562.
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    51. Primiano MJ, Lefker BA, Bowman MR, Bree AG, Hubeau C, Bonin PD, Mangan M, Dower K, Monks BG, Cushing L, Wang S, Guzova J, Jiao A, Lin LL, Latz E, Hepworth D, Hall JP. Efficacy and Pharmacology of the NLRP3 Inflammasome Inhibitor CP-456,773 (CRID3) in Murine Models of Dermal and Pulmonary Inflammation. J Immunol. 2016 Sep 15; 197(6):2421-33. PMID: 27521339.
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    52. Bode N, Grebe A, Kerksiek A, Lütjohann D, Werner N, Nickenig G, Latz E, Zimmer S. Ursodeoxycholic acid impairs atherogenesis and promotes plaque regression by cholesterol crystal dissolution in mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 Sep 9; 478(1):356-62. PMID: 27416761.
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    53. Bossaller L, Christ A, Pelka K, Nündel K, Chiang PI, Pang C, Mishra N, Busto P, Bonegio RG, Schmidt RE, Latz E, Marshak-Rothstein A. TLR9 Deficiency Leads to Accelerated Renal Disease and Myeloid Lineage Abnormalities in Pristane-Induced Murine Lupus. J Immunol. 2016 Aug 15; 197(4):1044-53. PMID: 27354219.
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    54. Tzeng TC, Schattgen S, Monks B, Wang D, Cerny A, Latz E, Fitzgerald K, Golenbock DT. A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse for Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates an Important Role for Cell-Bound and Free ASC Specks during In Vivo Infection. Cell Rep. 2016 Jul 12; 16(2):571-82. PMID: 27346360.
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    55. Próchnicki T, Mangan MS, Latz E. Recent insights into the molecular mechanisms of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. F1000Res. 2016; 5. PMID: 27508077.
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    56. Tate MD, Ong JD, Dowling JK, McAuley JL, Robertson AB, Latz E, Drummond GR, Cooper MA, Hertzog PJ, Mansell A. Reassessing the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome during pathogenic influenza A virus infection via temporal inhibition. Sci Rep. 2016; 6:27912. PMID: 27283237.
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    57. Ludwig-Portugall I, Bartok E, Dhana E, Evers BD, Primiano MJ, Hall JP, Franklin BS, Knolle PA, Hornung V, Hartmann G, Boor P, Latz E, Kurts C. An NLRP3-specific inflammasome inhibitor attenuates crystal-induced kidney fibrosis in mice. Kidney Int. 2016 Sep; 90(3):525-39. PMID: 27262364.
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    58. Labzin LI, Lauterbach MA, Latz E. Interferons and inflammasomes: Cooperation and counterregulation in disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Jul; 138(1):37-46. PMID: 27373324.
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    59. Christ A, Bekkering S, Latz E, Riksen NP. Long-term activation of the innate immune system in atherosclerosis. Semin Immunol. 2016 Aug; 28(4):384-93. PMID: 27113267.
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    60. Netea MG, Joosten LA, Latz E, Mills KH, Natoli G, Stunnenberg HG, O'Neill LA, Xavier RJ. Trained immunity: A program of innate immune memory in health and disease. Science. 2016 Apr 22; 352(6284):aaf1098. PMID: 27102489.
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    61. Zimmer S, Grebe A, Bakke SS, Bode N, Halvorsen B, Ulas T, Skjelland M, De Nardo D, Labzin LI, Kerksiek A, Hempel C, Heneka MT, Hawxhurst V, Fitzgerald ML, Trebicka J, Björkhem I, Gustafsson JÅ, Westerterp M, Tall AR, Wright SD, Espevik T, Schultze JL, Nickenig G, Lütjohann D, Latz E. Cyclodextrin promotes atherosclerosis regression via macrophage reprogramming. Sci Transl Med. 2016 Apr 06; 8(333):333ra50. PMID: 27053774.
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    62. Franklin BS, Mangan MS, Latz E. Crystal Formation in Inflammation. Annu Rev Immunol. 2016 May 20; 34:173-202. PMID: 26772211.
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    63. Sun J, Li N, Oh KS, Dutta B, Vayttaden SJ, Lin B, Ebert TS, De Nardo D, Davis J, Bagirzadeh R, Lounsbury NW, Pasare C, Latz E, Hornung V, Fraser ID. Comprehensive RNAi-based screening of human and mouse TLR pathways identifies species-specific preferences in signaling protein use. Sci Signal. 2016 Jan 05; 9(409):ra3. PMID: 26732763.
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    64. Horvath GL, Langhoff P, Latz E. Toll-Like Receptor Interactions Measured by Microscopic and Flow Cytometric FRET. Methods Mol Biol. 2016; 1390:41-64. PMID: 26803621.
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    65. Beilharz M, De Nardo's D, Latz E, Franklin BS. Measuring NLR Oligomerization II: Detection of ASC Speck Formation by Confocal Microscopy and Immunofluorescence. Methods Mol Biol. 2016; 1417:145-58. PMID: 27221487.
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    66. Pelka K, Shibata T, Miyake K, Latz E. Nucleic acid-sensing TLRs and autoimmunity: novel insights from structural and cell biology. Immunol Rev. 2016 Jan; 269(1):60-75. PMID: 26683145.
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    67. Beilharz M, De Nardo D, Latz E, Franklin BS. Erratum to: Measuring NLR Oligomerization II: Detection of ASC Speck Formation by Confocal Microscopy and Immunofluorescence. Methods Mol Biol. 2016; 1417:E1. PMID: 27699711.
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    68. Levy M, Thaiss CA, Zeevi D, Dohnalová L, Zilberman-Schapira G, Mahdi JA, David E, Savidor A, Korem T, Herzig Y, Pevsner-Fischer M, Shapiro H, Christ A, Harmelin A, Halpern Z, Latz E, Flavell RA, Amit I, Segal E, Elinav E. Microbiota-Modulated Metabolites Shape the Intestinal Microenvironment by Regulating NLRP6 Inflammasome Signaling. Cell. 2015 Dec 3; 163(6):1428-43. PMID: 26638072.
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    69. Labzin LI, Schmidt SV, Masters SL, Beyer M, Krebs W, Klee K, Stahl R, Lütjohann D, Schultze JL, Latz E, De Nardo D. ATF3 Is a Key Regulator of Macrophage IFN Responses. J Immunol. 2015 Nov 1; 195(9):4446-55. PMID: 26416280.
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    70. Schneider KM, Bieghs V, Heymann F, Hu W, Dreymueller D, Liao L, Frissen M, Ludwig A, Gassler N, Pabst O, Latz E, Sellge G, Penders J, Tacke F, Trautwein C. CX3CR1 is a gatekeeper for intestinal barrier integrity in mice: Limiting steatohepatitis by maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Hepatology. 2015 Nov; 62(5):1405-16. PMID: 26178698.
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    71. Walenbergh SM, Houben T, Hendrikx T, Jeurissen ML, van Gorp PJ, Vaes N, Olde Damink SW, Verheyen F, Koek GH, Lütjohann D, Grebe A, Latz E, Shiri-Sverdlov R. Weekly Treatment of 2-Hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin Improves Intracellular Cholesterol Levels in LDL Receptor Knockout Mice. Int J Mol Sci. 2015; 16(9):21056-69. PMID: 26404254.
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    72. Netea MG, Latz E, Mills KH, O'Neill LA. Innate immune memory: a paradigm shift in understanding host defense. Nat Immunol. 2015 Jul; 16(7):675-9. PMID: 26086132.
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    73. Eigenbrod T, Pelka K, Latz E, Kreikemeyer B, Dalpke AH. TLR8 Senses Bacterial RNA in Human Monocytes and Plays a Nonredundant Role for Recognition of Streptococcus pyogenes. J Immunol. 2015 Aug 1; 195(3):1092-9. PMID: 26101323.
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    74. Niyonzima N, Samstad EO, Aune MH, Ryan L, Bakke SS, Rokstad AM, Wright SD, Damås JK, Mollnes TE, Latz E, Espevik T. Reconstituted High-Density Lipoprotein Attenuates Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammatory Responses by Reducing Complement Activation. J Immunol. 2015 Jul 1; 195(1):257-64. PMID: 26026058.
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    75. Hirschfeld J, Dommisch H, Skora P, Horvath G, Latz E, Hoerauf A, Waller T, Kawai T, Jepsen S, Deschner J, Bekeredjian-Ding I. Neutrophil extracellular trap formation in supragingival biofilms. Int J Med Microbiol. 2015 Jun-Aug; 305(4-5):453-63. PMID: 25959370.
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    82. Zimmer S, Grebe A, Latz E. Danger signaling in atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 2015 Jan 16; 116(2):323-40. PMID: 25593277.
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    83. Mizushina Y, Shirasuna K, Usui F, Karasawa T, Kawashima A, Kimura H, Kobayashi M, Komada T, Inoue Y, Mato N, Yamasawa H, Latz E, Iwakura Y, Kasahara T, Bando M, Sugiyama Y, Takahashi M. NLRP3 protein deficiency exacerbates hyperoxia-induced lethality through Stat3 protein signaling independent of interleukin-1ß. J Biol Chem. 2015 Feb 20; 290(8):5065-77. PMID: 25548278.
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    84. Sarvestani ST, Stunden HJ, Behlke MA, Forster SC, McCoy CE, Tate MD, Ferrand J, Lennox KA, Latz E, Williams BR, Gantier MP. Sequence-dependent off-target inhibition of TLR7/8 sensing by synthetic microRNA inhibitors. Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jan; 43(2):1177-88. PMID: 25539920.
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    85. Fassl SK, Austermann J, Papantonopoulou O, Riemenschneider M, Xue J, Bertheloot D, Freise N, Spiekermann C, Witten A, Viemann D, Kirschnek S, Stoll M, Latz E, Schultze JL, Roth J, Vogl T. Transcriptome assessment reveals a dominant role for TLR4 in the activation of human monocytes by the alarmin MRP8. J Immunol. 2015 Jan 15; 194(2):575-83. PMID: 25505274.
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    92. Christ A, Latz E. LOX-1 and mitochondria: an inflammatory relationship. Cardiovasc Res. 2014 Sep 1; 103(4):435-7. PMID: 25114006.
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    104. Rubartelli A, Lotze MT, Latz E, Manfredi A. Mechanisms of sterile inflammation. Front Immunol. 2013; 4:398. PMID: 24319446.
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    119. Henault J, Martinez J, Riggs JM, Tian J, Mehta P, Clarke L, Sasai M, Latz E, Brinkmann MM, Iwasaki A, Coyle AJ, Kolbeck R, Green DR, Sanjuan MA. Noncanonical autophagy is required for type I interferon secretion in response to DNA-immune complexes. Immunity. 2012 Dec 14; 37(6):986-97. PMID: 23219390.
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    161. Schlee M, Roth A, Hornung V, Hagmann CA, Wimmenauer V, Barchet W, Coch C, Janke M, Mihailovic A, Wardle G, Juranek S, Kato H, Kawai T, Poeck H, Fitzgerald KA, Takeuchi O, Akira S, Tuschl T, Latz E, Ludwig J, Hartmann G. Recognition of 5' triphosphate by RIG-I helicase requires short blunt double-stranded RNA as contained in panhandle of negative-strand virus. Immunity. 2009 Jul 17; 31(1):25-34. PMID: 19576794.
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    162. Bauernfeind FG, Horvath G, Stutz A, Alnemri ES, MacDonald K, Speert D, Fernandes-Alnemri T, Wu J, Monks BG, Fitzgerald KA, Hornung V, Latz E. Cutting edge: NF-kappaB activating pattern recognition and cytokine receptors license NLRP3 inflammasome activation by regulating NLRP3 expression. J Immunol. 2009 Jul 15; 183(2):787-91. PMID: 19570822.
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    163. Hornung V, Ablasser A, Charrel-Dennis M, Bauernfeind F, Horvath G, Caffrey DR, Latz E, Fitzgerald KA. AIM2 recognizes cytosolic dsDNA and forms a caspase-1-activating inflammasome with ASC. Nature. 2009 Mar 26; 458(7237):514-8. PMID: 19158675.
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    164. Horvath G, Young S, Latz E. Toll-like receptor interactions imaged by FRET microscopy and GFP fragment reconstitution. Methods Mol Biol. 2009; 517:33-54. PMID: 19378018.
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    165. Charrel-Dennis M, Latz E, Halmen KA, Trieu-Cuot P, Fitzgerald KA, Kasper DL, Golenbock DT. TLR-independent type I interferon induction in response to an extracellular bacterial pathogen via intracellular recognition of its DNA. Cell Host Microbe. 2008 Dec 11; 4(6):543-54. PMID: 19064255.
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    166. Bartholomeu DC, Ropert C, Melo MB, Parroche P, Junqueira CF, Teixeira SM, Sirois C, Kasperkovitz P, Knetter CF, Lien E, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Gazzinelli RT. Recruitment and endo-lysosomal activation of TLR9 in dendritic cells infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. J Immunol. 2008 Jul 15; 181(2):1333-44. PMID: 18606688.
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    167. Halle A, Hornung V, Petzold GC, Stewart CR, Monks BG, Reinheckel T, Fitzgerald KA, Latz E, Moore KJ, Golenbock DT. The NALP3 inflammasome is involved in the innate immune response to amyloid-beta. Nat Immunol. 2008 Aug; 9(8):857-65. PMID: 18604209.
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    168. Hornung V, Bauernfeind F, Halle A, Samstad EO, Kono H, Rock KL, Fitzgerald KA, Latz E. Silica crystals and aluminum salts activate the NALP3 inflammasome through phagosomal destabilization. Nat Immunol. 2008 Aug; 9(8):847-56. PMID: 18604214.
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    169. Tamehiro N, Zhou S, Okuhira K, Benita Y, Brown CE, Zhuang DZ, Latz E, Hornemann T, von Eckardstein A, Xavier RJ, Freeman MW, Fitzgerald ML. SPTLC1 binds ABCA1 to negatively regulate trafficking and cholesterol efflux activity of the transporter. Biochemistry. 2008 Jun 10; 47(23):6138-47. PMID: 18484747.
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    170. Williams B, Vanags D, Hall S, McCormack C, Foley P, Weiss J, Johnson B, Latz E, Feeney D. Efficacy and safety of chaperonin 10 in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis: evidence of utility beyond a single indication. Arch Dermatol. 2008 May; 144(5):683-5. PMID: 18490603.
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    171. Haas T, Metzger J, Schmitz F, Heit A, Müller T, Latz E, Wagner H. The DNA sugar backbone 2' deoxyribose determines toll-like receptor 9 activation. Immunity. 2008 Mar; 28(3):315-23. PMID: 18342006.
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    172. Asagiri M, Hirai T, Kunigami T, Kamano S, Gober HJ, Okamoto K, Nishikawa K, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Aoki K, Ohya K, Imai Y, Morishita Y, Miyazono K, Kato S, Saftig P, Takayanagi H. Cathepsin K-dependent toll-like receptor 9 signaling revealed in experimental arthritis. Science. 2008 Feb 1; 319(5863):624-7. PMID: 18239127.
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    173. Latz E, Verma A, Visintin A, Gong M, Sirois CM, Klein DC, Monks BG, McKnight CJ, Lamphier MS, Duprex WP, Espevik T, Golenbock DT. Ligand-induced conformational changes allosterically activate Toll-like receptor 9. Nat Immunol. 2007 Jul; 8(7):772-9. PMID: 17572678.
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    174. Tian J, Avalos AM, Mao SY, Chen B, Senthil K, Wu H, Parroche P, Drabic S, Golenbock D, Sirois C, Hua J, An LL, Audoly L, La Rosa G, Bierhaus A, Naworth P, Marshak-Rothstein A, Crow MK, Fitzgerald KA, Latz E, Kiener PA, Coyle AJ. Toll-like receptor 9-dependent activation by DNA-containing immune complexes is mediated by HMGB1 and RAGE. Nat Immunol. 2007 May; 8(5):487-96. PMID: 17417641.
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    175. Parroche P, Lauw FN, Goutagny N, Latz E, Monks BG, Visintin A, Halmen KA, Lamphier M, Olivier M, Bartholomeu DC, Gazzinelli RT, Golenbock DT. Malaria hemozoin is immunologically inert but radically enhances innate responses by presenting malaria DNA to Toll-like receptor 9. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 6; 104(6):1919-24. PMID: 17261807.
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    176. Wang JP, Liu P, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Finberg RW, Libraty DH. Flavivirus activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells delineates key elements of TLR7 signaling beyond endosomal recognition. J Immunol. 2006 Nov 15; 177(10):7114-21. PMID: 17082628.
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    177. Lamphier MS, Sirois CM, Verma A, Golenbock DT, Latz E. TLR9 and the recognition of self and non-self nucleic acids. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Oct; 1082:31-43. PMID: 17145922.
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    178. Yu M, Wang H, Ding A, Golenbock DT, Latz E, Czura CJ, Fenton MJ, Tracey KJ, Yang H. HMGB1 signals through toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and TLR2. Shock. 2006 Aug; 26(2):174-9. PMID: 16878026.
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    179. Rowe DC, McGettrick AF, Latz E, Monks BG, Gay NJ, Yamamoto M, Akira S, O'Neill LA, Fitzgerald KA, Golenbock DT. The myristoylation of TRIF-related adaptor molecule is essential for Toll-like receptor 4 signal transduction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Apr 18; 103(16):6299-304. PMID: 16603631.
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    180. Mansour MK, Latz E, Levitz SM. Cryptococcus neoformans glycoantigens are captured by multiple lectin receptors and presented by dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2006 Mar 1; 176(5):3053-61. PMID: 16493064.
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    181. Husebye H, Halaas Ø, Stenmark H, Tunheim G, Sandanger Ø, Bogen B, Brech A, Latz E, Espevik T. Endocytic pathways regulate Toll-like receptor 4 signaling and link innate and adaptive immunity. EMBO J. 2006 Feb 22; 25(4):683-92. PMID: 16467847.
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    182. Mann PB, Wolfe D, Latz E, Golenbock D, Preston A, Harvill ET. Comparative toll-like receptor 4-mediated innate host defense to Bordetella infection. Infect Immun. 2005 Dec; 73(12):8144-52. PMID: 16299309.
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    183. Visintin A, Halmen KA, Latz E, Monks BG, Golenbock DT. Pharmacological inhibition of endotoxin responses is achieved by targeting the TLR4 coreceptor, MD-2. J Immunol. 2005 Nov 15; 175(10):6465-72. PMID: 16272300.
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    184. Means TK, Latz E, Hayashi F, Murali MR, Golenbock DT, Luster AD. Human lupus autoantibody-DNA complexes activate DCs through cooperation of CD32 and TLR9. J Clin Invest. 2005 Feb; 115(2):407-17. PMID: 15668740.
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    185. Schoenemeyer A, Barnes BJ, Mancl ME, Latz E, Goutagny N, Pitha PM, Fitzgerald KA, Golenbock DT. The interferon regulatory factor, IRF5, is a central mediator of toll-like receptor 7 signaling. J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 29; 280(17):17005-12. PMID: 15695821.
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    186. DiPerna G, Stack J, Bowie AG, Boyd A, Kotwal G, Zhang Z, Arvikar S, Latz E, Fitzgerald KA, Marshall WL. Poxvirus protein N1L targets the I-kappaB kinase complex, inhibits signaling to NF-kappaB by the tumor necrosis factor superfamily of receptors, and inhibits NF-kappaB and IRF3 signaling by toll-like receptors. J Biol Chem. 2004 Aug 27; 279(35):36570-8. PMID: 15215253.
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    187. Latz E, Franko J, Golenbock DT, Schreiber JR. Haemophilus influenzae type b-outer membrane protein complex glycoconjugate vaccine induces cytokine production by engaging human toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and requires the presence of TLR2 for optimal immunogenicity. J Immunol. 2004 Feb 15; 172(4):2431-8. PMID: 14764714.
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    188. Latz E, Schoenemeyer A, Visintin A, Fitzgerald KA, Monks BG, Knetter CF, Lien E, Nilsen NJ, Espevik T, Golenbock DT. TLR9 signals after translocating from the ER to CpG DNA in the lysosome. Nat Immunol. 2004 Feb; 5(2):190-8. PMID: 14716310.
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    189. Latz E, Visintin A, Espevik T, Golenbock DT. Mechanisms of TLR9 activation. J Endotoxin Res. 2004; 10(6):406-12. PMID: 15588423.
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    190. Latz E, Golenbock DT. Receptor "cross talk" in innate immunity. J Clin Invest. 2003 Oct; 112(8):1136-7. PMID: 14561697.
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    191. Fitzgerald KA, Rowe DC, Barnes BJ, Caffrey DR, Visintin A, Latz E, Monks B, Pitha PM, Golenbock DT. LPS-TLR4 signaling to IRF-3/7 and NF-kappaB involves the toll adapters TRAM and TRIF. J Exp Med. 2003 Oct 6; 198(7):1043-55. PMID: 14517278.
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    192. Sandor F, Latz E, Re F, Mandell L, Repik G, Golenbock DT, Espevik T, Kurt-Jones EA, Finberg RW. Importance of extra- and intracellular domains of TLR1 and TLR2 in NFkappa B signaling. J Cell Biol. 2003 Sep 15; 162(6):1099-110. PMID: 12975352.
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    193. Visintin A, Latz E, Monks BG, Espevik T, Golenbock DT. Lysines 128 and 132 enable lipopolysaccharide binding to MD-2, leading to Toll-like receptor-4 aggregation and signal transduction. J Biol Chem. 2003 Nov 28; 278(48):48313-20. PMID: 12960171.
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    194. Sau K, Mambula SS, Latz E, Henneke P, Golenbock DT, Levitz SM. The antifungal drug amphotericin B promotes inflammatory cytokine release by a Toll-like receptor- and CD14-dependent mechanism. J Biol Chem. 2003 Sep 26; 278(39):37561-8. PMID: 12860979.
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    195. Hohenberger P, Latz E, Kettelhack C, Rezaei AH, Schumann R, Schlag PM. Pentoxifyllin attenuates the systemic inflammatory response induced during isolated limb perfusion with recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha and melphalan. Ann Surg Oncol. 2003 Jun; 10(5):562-8. PMID: 12794024.
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    196. Fitzgerald KA, McWhirter SM, Faia KL, Rowe DC, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Coyle AJ, Liao SM, Maniatis T. IKKepsilon and TBK1 are essential components of the IRF3 signaling pathway. Nat Immunol. 2003 May; 4(5):491-6. PMID: 12692549.
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    197. Compton T, Kurt-Jones EA, Boehme KW, Belko J, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Finberg RW. Human cytomegalovirus activates inflammatory cytokine responses via CD14 and Toll-like receptor 2. J Virol. 2003 Apr; 77(8):4588-96. PMID: 12663765.
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    198. Espevik T, Latz E, Lien E, Monks B, Golenbock DT. Cell distributions and functions of Toll-like receptor 4 studied by fluorescent gene constructs. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003; 35(9):660-4. PMID: 14620151.
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    199. Latz E, Visintin A, Lien E, Fitzgerald KA, Espevik T, Golenbock DT. The LPS receptor generates inflammatory signals from the cell surface. J Endotoxin Res. 2003; 9(6):375-80. PMID: 14733724.
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    200. van der Kleij D, Latz E, Brouwers JF, Kruize YC, Schmitz M, Kurt-Jones EA, Espevik T, de Jong EC, Kapsenberg ML, Golenbock DT, Tielens AG, Yazdanbakhsh M. A novel host-parasite lipid cross-talk. Schistosomal lyso-phosphatidylserine activates toll-like receptor 2 and affects immune polarization. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 13; 277(50):48122-9. PMID: 12359728.
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    201. Latz E, Visintin A, Lien E, Fitzgerald KA, Monks BG, Kurt-Jones EA, Golenbock DT, Espevik T. Lipopolysaccharide rapidly traffics to and from the Golgi apparatus with the toll-like receptor 4-MD-2-CD14 complex in a process that is distinct from the initiation of signal transduction. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 6; 277(49):47834-43. PMID: 12324469.
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    202. Flo TH, Ryan L, Latz E, Takeuchi O, Monks BG, Lien E, Halaas Ø, Akira S, Skjåk-Braek G, Golenbock DT, Espevik T. Involvement of toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR4 in cell activation by mannuronic acid polymers. J Biol Chem. 2002 Sep 20; 277(38):35489-95. PMID: 12089142.
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    203. Massari P, Henneke P, Ho Y, Latz E, Golenbock DT, Wetzler LM. Cutting edge: Immune stimulation by neisserial porins is toll-like receptor 2 and MyD88 dependent. J Immunol. 2002 Feb 15; 168(4):1533-7. PMID: 11823477.
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