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Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System

"Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.

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A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism.


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This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" by people in this website by year, and whether "Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System" was a major or minor topic of these publications.
Bar chart showing 11 publications over 11 distinct years, with a maximum of 1 publications in 1997 and 2000 and 2002 and 2005 and 2007 and 2009 and 2010 and 2011 and 2013 and 2014 and 2015
To see the data from this visualization as text, click here.