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Sally C Kent PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
Endowed TitleGeorge F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation Term Chair in Diabetes
InstitutionUMass Chan Medical School
AddressUMass Chan Medical School
368 Plantation Street AS7-2012
Worcester MA 01605
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionT.H. Chan School of Medicine

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Union College, Schenectady, NY, United StatesBSBiology
    Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, United StatesPHDMicrobiology and Immunology

    Collapse Overview 
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    Autoreactive T cell specificity and function in human Type 1 diabetes

    Development of autoreactive T cell memory in humanType 1 diabetes

    Anergy induction in human Type 1 diabetes

    Enterovirus in human Type 1 diabetes








    Loyola University of Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine


    Postdoctoral Fellowships:

    University of Rochester School of Medicine andDentistry

    Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard MedicalSchool




    Instructor in Neurology

    Harvard Medical School


    Associate Immunologist

    Brigham and Women’s Hospital


    Assistant Professor in Neurology

    Harvard Medical School


    Assistant Professor in Medicine           

    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Diabetes Center of Excellence


    Associate Professor in Medicine           

    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Diabetes Center of Excellence

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Kent SC, Zaldumbide A. Editorial: Autoimmune Diabetes: Molecular Mechanisms and Neoantigens. Front Immunol. 2022; 13:864517. PMID: 35251056.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Yang JHM, Ward-Hartstonge KA, Perry DJ, Blanchfield JL, Posgai AL, Wiedeman AE, Diggins K, Rahman A, Tree TIM, Brusko TM, Levings MK, James EA, Kent SC, Speake C, Homann D, Long SA. Guidelines for standardizing T-cell cytometry assays to link biomarkers, mechanisms, and disease outcomes in type 1 diabetes. Eur J Immunol. 2022 03; 52(3):372-388. PMID: 35025103.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    3. Haliyur R, Walker JT, Sanyoura M, Reihsmann CV, Shrestha S, Aramandla R, Poffenberger G, Ramirez AH, Redick SD, Babon JAB, Prasad N, Hegele RA, Kent SC, Harlan DM, Bottino R, Philipson LH, Brissova M, Powers AC. Integrated Analysis of the Pancreas and Islets Reveals Unexpected Findings in Human Male With Type 1 Diabetes. J Endocr Soc. 2021 Dec 01; 5(12):bvab162. PMID: 34870058.
    4. Rodriguez-Calvo T, Christoffersson G, Bender C, von Herrath MG, Mallone R, Kent SC, James EA. Means, Motive, and Opportunity: Do Non-Islet-Reactive Infiltrating T Cells Contribute to Autoimmunity in Type 1 Diabetes? Front Immunol. 2021; 12:683091. PMID: 34220832.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    5. Landry LG, Anderson AM, Russ HA, Yu L, Kent SC, Atkinson MA, Mathews CE, Michels AW, Nakayama M. Proinsulin-Reactive CD4 T Cells in the Islets of Type 1 Diabetes Organ Donors. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2021; 12:622647. PMID: 33841327.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    6. James EA, Mallone R, Kent SC, DiLorenzo TP. T-Cell Epitopes and Neo-epitopes in Type 1 Diabetes: A Comprehensive Update and Reappraisal. Diabetes. 2020 07; 69(7):1311-1335. PMID: 32561620.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Russell MA, Redick SD, Blodgett DM, Richardson SJ, Leete P, Krogvold L, Dahl-Jørgensen K, Bottino R, Brissova M, Spaeth JM, Babon JAB, Haliyur R, Powers AC, Yang C, Kent SC, Derr AG, Kucukural A, Garber MG, Morgan NG, Harlan DM. HLA Class II Antigen Processing and Presentation Pathway Components Demonstrated by Transcriptome and Protein Analyses of Islet ?-Cells From Donors With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2019 05; 68(5):988-1001. PMID: 30833470.
      Citations: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. Williams T, Krovi HS, Landry LG, Crawford F, Jin N, Hohenstein A, DeNicola ME, Michels AW, Davidson HW, Kent SC, Gapin L, Kappler JW, Nakayama M. Development of T cell lines sensitive to antigen stimulation. J Immunol Methods. 2018 11; 462:65-73. PMID: 30165064.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. Hart NJ, Aramandla R, Poffenberger G, Fayolle C, Thames AH, Bautista A, Spigelman AF, Babon JAB, DeNicola ME, Dadi PK, Bush WS, Balamurugan AN, Brissova M, Dai C, Prasad N, Bottino R, Jacobson DA, Drumm ML, Kent SC, MacDonald PE, Powers AC. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is caused by islet loss and inflammation. JCI Insight. 2018 04 19; 3(8). PMID: 29669939.
      Citations: 54     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    10. Marre ML, McGinty JW, Chow IT, DeNicola ME, Beck NW, Kent SC, Powers AC, Bottino R, Harlan DM, Greenbaum CJ, Kwok WW, Piganelli JD, James EA. Modifying Enzymes Are Elicited by ER Stress, Generating Epitopes That Are Selectively Recognized by CD4+ T Cells in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2018 07; 67(7):1356-1368. PMID: 29654212.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    11. Kent SC, Mannering SI, Michels AW, Babon JAB. Deciphering the Pathogenesis of Human Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) by Interrogating T Cells from the "Scene of the Crime". Curr Diab Rep. 2017 09 02; 17(10):95. PMID: 28864875.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Babon JAB, DeNicola ME, Blodgett DM, Crèvecoeur I, Buttrick TS, Maehr R, Bottino R, Naji A, Kaddis J, Elyaman W, James EA, Haliyur R, Brissova M, Overbergh L, Mathieu C, Delong T, Haskins K, Pugliese A, Campbell-Thompson M, Mathews C, Atkinson MA, Powers AC, Harlan DM, Kent SC. Corrigendum: Analysis of self-antigen specificity of islet-infiltrating T cells from human donors with type 1 diabetes. Nat Med. 2017 08 04; 23(8):1004. PMID: 28777787.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    13. Kent SC, Babon JA. Narrowing in on the anti-? cell-specific T cells: looking 'where the action is'. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2017 Apr; 24(2):98-102. PMID: 28099204.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Willcox A, Richardson SJ, Walker LSK, Kent SC, Morgan NG, Gillespie KM. Germinal centre frequency is decreased in pancreatic lymph nodes from individuals with recent-onset type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia. 2017 07; 60(7):1294-1303. PMID: 28213757.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    15. Babon JA, DeNicola ME, Blodgett DM, Crèvecoeur I, Buttrick TS, Maehr R, Bottino R, Naji A, Kaddis J, Elyaman W, James EA, Haliyur R, Brissova M, Overbergh L, Mathieu C, Delong T, Haskins K, Pugliese A, Campbell-Thompson M, Mathews C, Atkinson MA, Powers AC, Harlan DM, Kent SC. Corrigendum: Analysis of self-antigen specificity of islet-infiltrating T cells from human donors with type 1 diabetes. Nat Med. 2017 Feb 07; 23(2):264. PMID: 28170374.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
    16. Babon JA, DeNicola ME, Blodgett DM, Crèvecoeur I, Buttrick TS, Maehr R, Bottino R, Naji A, Kaddis J, Elyaman W, James EA, Haliyur R, Brissova M, Overbergh L, Mathieu C, Delong T, Haskins K, Pugliese A, Campbell-Thompson M, Mathews C, Atkinson MA, Powers AC, Harlan DM, Kent SC. Analysis of self-antigen specificity of islet-infiltrating T cells from human donors with type 1 diabetes. Nat Med. 2016 12; 22(12):1482-1487. PMID: 27798614.
      Citations: 138     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    17. Yeste A, Takenaka MC, Mascanfroni ID, Nadeau M, Kenison JE, Patel B, Tukpah AM, Babon JA, DeNicola M, Kent SC, Pozo D, Quintana FJ. Tolerogenic nanoparticles inhibit T cell-mediated autoimmunity through SOCS2. Sci Signal. 2016 06 21; 9(433):ra61. PMID: 27330188.
      Citations: 70     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    18. Delong T, Wiles TA, Baker RL, Bradley B, Barbour G, Reisdorph R, Armstrong M, Powell RL, Reisdorph N, Kumar N, Elso CM, DeNicola M, Bottino R, Powers AC, Harlan DM, Kent SC, Mannering SI, Haskins K. Pathogenic CD4 T cells in type 1 diabetes recognize epitopes formed by peptide fusion. Science. 2016 Feb 12; 351(6274):711-4. PMID: 26912858.
      Citations: 213     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    19. Blodgett DM, Nowosielska A, Afik S, Pechhold S, Cura AJ, Kennedy NJ, Kim S, Kucukural A, Davis RJ, Kent SC, Greiner DL, Garber MG, Harlan DM, diIorio P. Novel Observations From Next-Generation RNA Sequencing of Highly Purified Human Adult and Fetal Islet Cell Subsets. Diabetes. 2015 Sep; 64(9):3172-81. PMID: 25931473.
      Citations: 139     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Raddassi K, Kent SC, Yang J, Bourcier K, Bradshaw EM, Seyfert-Margolis V, Nepom GT, Kwok WW, Hafler DA. Increased frequencies of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein/MHC class II-binding CD4 cells in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Immunol. 2011 Jul 15; 187(2):1039-46. PMID: 21653833.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. Song Q, Han Q, Bradshaw EM, Kent SC, Raddassi K, Nilsson B, Nepom GT, Hafler DA, Love JC. On-chip activation and subsequent detection of individual antigen-specific T cells. Anal Chem. 2010 Jan 15; 82(2):473-7. PMID: 20000848.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. Sharma AK, Ling Y, Greer AB, Hafler DA, Kent SC, Zhang Y, Rigby AC. Evaluating the intrinsic cysteine redox-dependent states of the A-chain of human insulin using NMR spectroscopy, quantum chemical calculations, and mass spectrometry. J Phys Chem B. 2010 Jan 14; 114(1):585-91. PMID: 19954153.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    23. Gianani R, Campbell-Thompson M, Sarkar SA, Wasserfall C, Pugliese A, Solis JM, Kent SC, Hering BJ, West E, Steck A, Bonner-Weir S, Atkinson MA, Coppieters K, von Herrath M, Eisenbarth GS. Dimorphic histopathology of long-standing childhood-onset diabetes. Diabetologia. 2010 Apr; 53(4):690-8. PMID: 20062967.
      Citations: 84     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Bradshaw EM, Raddassi K, Elyaman W, Orban T, Gottlieb PA, Kent SC, Hafler DA. Monocytes from patients with type 1 diabetes spontaneously secrete proinflammatory cytokines inducing Th17 cells. J Immunol. 2009 Oct 01; 183(7):4432-9. PMID: 19748982.
      Citations: 117     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Hastings WD, Anderson DE, Kassam N, Koguchi K, Greenfield EA, Kent SC, Zheng XX, Strom TB, Hafler DA, Kuchroo VK. TIM-3 is expressed on activated human CD4+ T cells and regulates Th1 and Th17 cytokines. Eur J Immunol. 2009 Sep; 39(9):2492-501. PMID: 19676072.
      Citations: 130     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    26. Bradshaw EM, Kent SC, Tripuraneni V, Orban T, Ploegh HL, Hafler DA, Love JC. Concurrent detection of secreted products from human lymphocytes by microengraving: cytokines and antigen-reactive antibodies. Clin Immunol. 2008 Oct; 129(1):10-8. PMID: 18675591.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    27. Hava DL, van der Wel N, Cohen N, Dascher CC, Houben D, León L, Agarwal S, Sugita M, van Zon M, Kent SC, Shams H, Peters PJ, Brenner MB. Evasion of peptide, but not lipid antigen presentation, through pathogen-induced dendritic cell maturation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 12; 105(32):11281-6. PMID: 18685099.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Smith RN, Kent SC, Nagle J, Selig M, Iafrate AJ, Najafian N, Hafler DA, Auchincloss H, Orban T, Cagliero E. Pathology of an islet transplant 2 years after transplantation: evidence for a nonimmunological loss. Transplantation. 2008 Jul 15; 86(1):54-62. PMID: 18622278.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Waziri A, Killory B, Ogden AT, Canoll P, Anderson RC, Kent SC, Anderson DE, Bruce JN. Preferential in situ CD4+CD56+ T cell activation and expansion within human glioblastoma. J Immunol. 2008 Jun 01; 180(11):7673-80. PMID: 18490770.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    30. Costantino CM, Hang HC, Kent SC, Hafler DA, Ploegh HL. Lysosomal cysteine and aspartic proteases are heterogeneously expressed and act redundantly to initiate human invariant chain degradation. J Immunol. 2008 Mar 01; 180(5):2876-85. PMID: 18292509.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. Kis J, Engelmann P, Farkas K, Richman G, Eck S, Lolley J, Jalahej H, Borowiec M, Kent SC, Treszl A, Orban T. Reduced CD4+ subset and Th1 bias of the human iNKT cells in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Mar; 81(3):654-62. PMID: 17151140.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    32. van den Elzen P, Garg S, León L, Brigl M, Leadbetter EA, Gumperz JE, Dascher CC, Cheng TY, Sacks FM, Illarionov PA, Besra GS, Kent SC, Moody DB, Brenner MB. Apolipoprotein-mediated pathways of lipid antigen presentation. Nature. 2005 Oct 06; 437(7060):906-10. PMID: 16208376.
      Citations: 146     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    33. Kent SC, Chen Y, Clemmings SM, Viglietta V, Kenyon NS, Ricordi C, Hering B, Hafler DA. Loss of IL-4 secretion from human type 1a diabetic pancreatic draining lymph node NKT cells. J Immunol. 2005 Oct 01; 175(7):4458-64. PMID: 16177088.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    34. Quintana FJ, Gerber D, Kent SC, Cohen IR, Shai Y. HIV-1 fusion peptide targets the TCR and inhibits antigen-specific T cell activation. J Clin Invest. 2005 Aug; 115(8):2149-58. PMID: 16007266.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    35. Kent SC, Chen Y, Bregoli L, Clemmings SM, Kenyon NS, Ricordi C, Hering BJ, Hafler DA. Expanded T cells from pancreatic lymph nodes of type 1 diabetic subjects recognize an insulin epitope. Nature. 2005 May 12; 435(7039):224-8. PMID: 15889096.
      Citations: 157     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Brigl M, Bry L, Kent SC, Gumperz JE, Brenner MB. Mechanism of CD1d-restricted natural killer T cell activation during microbial infection. Nat Immunol. 2003 Dec; 4(12):1230-7. PMID: 14578883.
      Citations: 288     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Viglietta V, Kent SC, Orban T, Hafler DA. GAD65-reactive T cells are activated in patients with autoimmune type 1a diabetes. J Clin Invest. 2002 Apr; 109(7):895-903. PMID: 11927616.
      Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Brandvold KA, Ewert DL, Kent SC, Neiman P, Ruddell A. Blocked B cell differentiation and emigration support the early growth of Myc-induced lymphomas. Oncogene. 2001 May 31; 20(25):3226-34. PMID: 11423972.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Orban T, Kent SC, Malik P, Milner JD, Schuster K, Jackson RA, Hafler DA. Heterophile antibodies indicate progression of autoimmunity in human type 1 diabetes mellitus before clinical onset. Autoimmunity. 2001; 34(4):247-64. PMID: 11905851.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    40. Wilson SB, Kent SC, Horton HF, Hill AA, Bollyky PL, Hafler DA, Strominger JL, Byrne MC. Multiple differences in gene expression in regulatory Valpha 24Jalpha Q T cells from identical twins discordant for type I diabetes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 20; 97(13):7411-6. PMID: 10840051.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Kent SC, Hafler DA, Strominger JL, Wilson SB. Noncanonical Valpha24JalphaQ T cells with conservative alpha chain CDR3 region amino acid substitutions are restricted by CD1d. Hum Immunol. 1999 Nov; 60(11):1080-9. PMID: 10600006.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Milner JD, Kent SC, Ashley TA, Wilson SB, Strominger JL, Hafler DA. Differential responses of invariant V alpha 24J alpha Q T cells and MHC class II-restricted CD4+ T cells to dexamethasone. J Immunol. 1999 Sep 01; 163(5):2522-9. PMID: 10452989.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    43. Wilson SB, Kent SC, Patton KT, Orban T, Jackson RA, Exley M, Porcelli S, Schatz DA, Atkinson MA, Balk SP, Strominger JL, Hafler DA. Extreme Th1 bias of invariant Valpha24JalphaQ T cells in type 1 diabetes. Nature. 1998 Jan 08; 391(6663):177-81. PMID: 9428763.
      Citations: 161     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. Scott DW, Warner GL, Yao XR, Kent SC. Pathways and regulation of B-cell responsiveness and tolerance. Chem Immunol. 1994; 58:34-66. PMID: 8011158.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Fischer G, Kent SC, Joseph L, Green DR, Scott DW. Lymphoma models for B cell activation and tolerance. X. Anti-mu-mediated growth arrest and apoptosis of murine B cell lymphomas is prevented by the stabilization of myc. J Exp Med. 1994 Jan 01; 179(1):221-8. PMID: 8270867.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    46. Ludlum DB, Kent S, Mehta JR. Formation of O6-ethylthioethylguanine in DNA by reaction with the sulfur mustard, chloroethyl sulfide, and its apparent lack of repair by O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase. Carcinogenesis. 1986 Jul; 7(7):1203-6. PMID: 3719912.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
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